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20-10-2015 | Original Article

Age-related emotional bias in processing two emotionally valenced tasks

Auteurs: Philip A. Allen, Mei-Ching Lien, Elliott Jardin

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 1/2017

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Abstract

Previous studies suggest that older adults process positive emotions more efficiently than negative emotions, whereas younger adults show the reverse effect. We examined whether this age-related difference in emotional bias still occurs when attention is engaged in two emotional tasks. We used a psychological refractory period paradigm and varied the emotional valence of Task 1 and Task 2. In both experiments, Task 1 was emotional face discrimination (happy vs. angry faces) and Task 2 was sound discrimination (laugh, punch, vs. cork pop in Experiment 1 and laugh vs. scream in Experiment 2). The backward emotional correspondence effect for positively and negatively valenced Task 2 on Task 1 was measured. In both experiments, younger adults showed a backward correspondence effect from a negatively valenced Task 2, suggesting parallel processing of negatively valenced stimuli. Older adults showed similar negativity bias in Experiment 2 with a more salient negative sound (“scream” relative to “punch”). These results are consistent with an arousal-bias competition model [Mather and Sutherland (Perspectives in Psychological Sciences 6:114–133, 2011)], suggesting that emotional arousal modulates top-down attentional control settings (emotional regulation) with age.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Age-related emotional bias in processing two emotionally valenced tasks
Auteurs
Philip A. Allen
Mei-Ching Lien
Elliott Jardin
Publicatiedatum
20-10-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 1/2017
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-015-0711-8

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