Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 6/2019

30-01-2019 | Original Paper

Age of Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Nepal

Auteurs: Rena Shrestha, Cheryl Dissanayake, Josephine Barbaro

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 6/2019

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The current study investigated the age of diagnosis (AoD) of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Nepal by using de-identified data on 246 children with a diagnosis of ASD registered at AutismCare Nepal Society from 2010 to 2015. The mean AoD in children was 58 months (range 14–187 months). Majority of children were male (76%), lived in the Kathmandu valley (75%), and were from upper caste groups (62%). The mean diagnostic age of ASD in Nepal is much later than the age at which a reliable diagnosis is possible, indicating the need to reduce the gap between the age at which it is possible to diagnose ASD, and the average age at which ASD is currently diagnosed.
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th text revised edn.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th text revised edn.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th edn.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. CrossRef American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th edn.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. CrossRef
go back to reference Bello-Mojeed, M. A., Bakare, M. O., & Munir, K. (2014). Identification of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in Africa: Need for shifting research and public health focus. In V. B. Patel, V. R. Preedy, & C. R. Martin (Eds.), Comprehensive Guide to Autism (pp. 2437–2453). New York: Springer. CrossRef Bello-Mojeed, M. A., Bakare, M. O., & Munir, K. (2014). Identification of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in Africa: Need for shifting research and public health focus. In V. B. Patel, V. R. Preedy, & C. R. Martin (Eds.), Comprehensive Guide to Autism (pp. 2437–2453). New York: Springer. CrossRef
go back to reference Bent, C. A., Dissanayake, C., & Barbaro, J. (2015). Mapping the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders in children aged under 7 years in Australia, 2010–2012. The Medical Journal of Australia, 202(6), 317–320. CrossRefPubMed Bent, C. A., Dissanayake, C., & Barbaro, J. (2015). Mapping the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders in children aged under 7 years in Australia, 2010–2012. The Medical Journal of Australia, 202(6), 317–320. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bhandari, P., Shrestha, S. S., & Ghimire, D. J. (2007). Sociocultural and Geographical Disparities in Child Immunization in Nepal. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, 22(1), 43–64. CrossRef Bhandari, P., Shrestha, S. S., & Ghimire, D. J. (2007). Sociocultural and Geographical Disparities in Child Immunization in Nepal. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, 22(1), 43–64. CrossRef
go back to reference Central Bureau of Statistics. (2012). National population and housing census 2011. Kathmandu: Central Bureau of Statistics. Central Bureau of Statistics. (2012). National population and housing census 2011. Kathmandu: Central Bureau of Statistics.
go back to reference Coo, H., Ouellette-Kuntz, H., Lam, M., Yu, C. T., et al. (2012). Correlates of age at diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders in six Canadian regions. Chronic Diseases and Injuries in Canada, 32(2), 90–100. PubMed Coo, H., Ouellette-Kuntz, H., Lam, M., Yu, C. T., et al. (2012). Correlates of age at diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders in six Canadian regions. Chronic Diseases and Injuries in Canada, 32(2), 90–100. PubMed
go back to reference Flanagan, H. E., Perry, A., & Freeman, N. L. (2012). Effectiveness of large-scale community-based intensive behavioral intervention: A waitlist comparison study exploring outcomes and predictors. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6(2), 673–682. CrossRef Flanagan, H. E., Perry, A., & Freeman, N. L. (2012). Effectiveness of large-scale community-based intensive behavioral intervention: A waitlist comparison study exploring outcomes and predictors. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6(2), 673–682. CrossRef
go back to reference IBM Corp. (2017). IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows (Version 25.0). Armonk, NYI:IBM Corp. IBM Corp. (2017). IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows (Version 25.0). Armonk, NYI:IBM Corp.
go back to reference Juneja, M., Mukherjee, S., & Sharma, S. (2005). A descriptive hospital based study of children with autism. Indian Pediatrics, 42(5), 453. PubMed Juneja, M., Mukherjee, S., & Sharma, S. (2005). A descriptive hospital based study of children with autism. Indian Pediatrics, 42(5), 453. PubMed
go back to reference Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H. Jr., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., … Rutter, M. (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule-generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(3), 205–223. CrossRefPubMed Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H. Jr., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., … Rutter, M. (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule-generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(3), 205–223. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ministry of Health and Population, New ERA, & ICF International. (2012). Nepal demographic and health survey 2011. Kathmandu: Ministry of Health and Population. Ministry of Health and Population, New ERA, & ICF International. (2012). Nepal demographic and health survey 2011. Kathmandu: Ministry of Health and Population.
go back to reference Pandey, J. P., Dhakal, M. R., Karki, S., Poudel, P., & Pradhan, M. S. (2013). Maternal and child health in Nepal: The effects of caste, ethnicity, and regional identity: Further analysis of the 2011 Nepal demographic and health survey. Calverton, MD: Nepal Ministry of Health and Population, New ERA, and ICF International. Pandey, J. P., Dhakal, M. R., Karki, S., Poudel, P., & Pradhan, M. S. (2013). Maternal and child health in Nepal: The effects of caste, ethnicity, and regional identity: Further analysis of the 2011 Nepal demographic and health survey. Calverton, MD: Nepal Ministry of Health and Population, New ERA, and ICF International.
go back to reference Shakya, D. R. (2010). Psychiatric morbidity profiles of child and adolescent psychiatry out-patients in a tertiary-care hospital. Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society, 30(2), 79–84. CrossRef Shakya, D. R. (2010). Psychiatric morbidity profiles of child and adolescent psychiatry out-patients in a tertiary-care hospital. Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society, 30(2), 79–84. CrossRef
go back to reference Shooshtari, A. A., Sadeghiyeh, T., Mohammadi, M. R., Ghanizadeh, A., & Akhondzadeh, S. (2009). Symptoms of children with autism spectrum disorder, a clinical sample. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry, 4(4), 165–169. Shooshtari, A. A., Sadeghiyeh, T., Mohammadi, M. R., Ghanizadeh, A., & Akhondzadeh, S. (2009). Symptoms of children with autism spectrum disorder, a clinical sample. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry, 4(4), 165–169.
go back to reference Shrestha, M., & Santangelo, S. (2014). Autism: Challenge in Nepal. In V. B. Patel, V. R. Preedy, & C. R. Martin (Eds.), Comprehensive Guide to Autism (pp. 2497–2507): New York: Springer. CrossRef Shrestha, M., & Santangelo, S. (2014). Autism: Challenge in Nepal. In V. B. Patel, V. R. Preedy, & C. R. Martin (Eds.), Comprehensive Guide to Autism (pp. 2497–2507): New York: Springer. CrossRef
go back to reference Springer, P. E., van Toorn, R., Laughton, B., & Kidd, M. (2013). Characteristics of children with pervasive developmental disorders attending a developmental clinic in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. South African Journal of Child Health, 7, 95–99. CrossRef Springer, P. E., van Toorn, R., Laughton, B., & Kidd, M. (2013). Characteristics of children with pervasive developmental disorders attending a developmental clinic in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. South African Journal of Child Health, 7, 95–99. CrossRef
go back to reference Tabachnick, B., & Fidell, L. (2013). Using multivariate statistics (6th edn.). USA: Pearson Education Limited. Tabachnick, B., & Fidell, L. (2013). Using multivariate statistics (6th edn.). USA: Pearson Education Limited.
go back to reference Tilahun, D., Hanlon, C., Fekadu, A., Tekola, B., Baheretibeb, Y., & Hoekstra, R. A. (2016). Stigma, explanatory models and unmet needs of caregivers of children with developmental disorders in a low-income African country: A cross-sectional facility-based survey. BMC Health Services Research, 16(1), 1. CrossRef Tilahun, D., Hanlon, C., Fekadu, A., Tekola, B., Baheretibeb, Y., & Hoekstra, R. A. (2016). Stigma, explanatory models and unmet needs of caregivers of children with developmental disorders in a low-income African country: A cross-sectional facility-based survey. BMC Health Services Research, 16(1), 1. CrossRef
go back to reference Tulachan, P., Chapagain, M., Kunwar, A., & Sharma, V. (2014). Psychiatric morbidity pattern in a child and adolescent guidance clinic. Journal of Psychiatrists’ Association of Nepal, 1(1), 20–23. CrossRef Tulachan, P., Chapagain, M., Kunwar, A., & Sharma, V. (2014). Psychiatric morbidity pattern in a child and adolescent guidance clinic. Journal of Psychiatrists’ Association of Nepal, 1(1), 20–23. CrossRef
go back to reference Van Wijngaarden-Cremers, P. J. M., van Eeten, E., Groen, W. B., Van Deurzen, P. A., Oosterling, I. J., & Van der Gaag, R. J. (2014). Gender and age differences in the core triad of impairments in autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(3), 627–635. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10803-013-1913-9. CrossRefPubMed Van Wijngaarden-Cremers, P. J. M., van Eeten, E., Groen, W. B., Van Deurzen, P. A., Oosterling, I. J., & Van der Gaag, R. J. (2014). Gender and age differences in the core triad of impairments in autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(3), 627–635. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10803-013-1913-9. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference World Health Organization. (1993). The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders: Diagnostic criteria for research. Geneva: World Health Organization. World Health Organization. (1993). The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders: Diagnostic criteria for research. Geneva: World Health Organization.
Metagegevens
Titel
Age of Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Nepal
Auteurs
Rena Shrestha
Cheryl Dissanayake
Josephine Barbaro
Publicatiedatum
30-01-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 6/2019
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-03884-7