Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This research is part of the first author’s doctoral dissertation, and preliminary results were partly presented at the 15th European Conference on Personality in July, 2010.
Geriatric researchers and clinicians often have to deal with a lack of valid personality measures for older age groups (e.g., Mroczek, Hurt, & Berman, 1999; Zweig 2008), which hampers a reliable assessment of personality in later life. An age-neutral measurement system is one of the basic conditions for an accurate personality assessment across the lifespan, both longitudinally and cross-sectionally. In the present study, we empirically investigate the age-neutrality of one of the most widely used personality measures (i.e., the NEO PI-R (Costa & McCrae, 1992)), by examining potential Differential Item Functioning (DIF). Overall, results indicate that the vast majority (92.9 % at domain-level and 95 % at facet-level) of the NEO PI-R items was similarly endorsed by younger and older age groups with the same position on the personality trait of interest, corroborating the NEO PI-R’s age neutrality. However, Differential Test Functioning (DTF) analyses revealed large DTF for Extraversion, and facet A6 (Tender-Mindedness). Results are discussed in terms of their implications for using the current format of the NEO PI-R in older aged samples.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Abrams, R. C., & Bromberg, C. E. (2007). Personality disorders in the elderly. Psychiatric Annals, 37(2), 123–127.
Ackerman, T. A. (1992). A didactic explanation of item bias, item impact, and item validity from a multidimensional perspective. Journal of Educational Measurement, 29, 67–91. CrossRef
Agronin, M. E., & Maletta, G. (2000). Personality disorders in late life: understanding and overcoming the gap in research. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 3, 4–18. CrossRef
Baltes, P. B., Lindenberger, U., & Staudinger, U. M. (1998). Life-span theory in developmental psychology. In: Damon, W., & Lerner, R. M. (Eds.) , Handbook of child psychology. Theoretical models of human development, 5th edn (pp. 1029–1143)
Camilli, G., & Congdon, P. (1999). Application of a method of estimating DIF for polytomous test items. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 24, 323–341.
Caspi, A., & Bem, D. J. (1990). Personality continuity and change across the life course. In L. A. Pervin (Ed.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (pp. 549–569). New York: Guilford.
Church, A. T., Alvarez, J. M., Mai, N. T. Q., French, B. F., Katigbak, M. S., & Ortiz, F. A. (2011). Are cross-cultural comparisons of personality profiles meaningful? Differential item and facet functioning in the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(5), 1068–1089. PubMedCrossRef
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
Cohen, A. S., Kim, S. H., & Baker, F. B. (1993). Detection of differential item functioning in the graded response model. Applied Psychological Measurement, 17, 335–350. CrossRef
Costa, P. T., Jr., & McCrae, R. R. (1986). Personality stability and its implications for clinical psychology. Clinical Psychology Review, 6, 407–423. CrossRef
Costa, P. T., Jr., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). Professional manual: Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) and NEO Five-factor Inventory (NEO-FFI). Odessa: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Digman, J. M. (1990). Personality structure: emergence of the five-factor model. Annual Review of Psychology, 41, 417–440. CrossRef
Edwards, M. C., & Edelen, M. O. (2009). Special topics in item response theory. In R. E. Millsap & A. Maydeu-Olivares (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of quantitative methods in psychology (pp. 178–185). London: SAGE Publication Ltd. CrossRef
Gattamorta, K. A. (2009). A comparison of adjacent categories and cumulative DSF effect estimators. A dissertation submitted to the Faculty of the University of Miami in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. Coral Gables, Florida: University of Miami
Hoekstra, H. A., Ormel, J., & De Fruyt, F. (2007). NEO PI-R en NEO-FFI. Handleiding. Amsterdam: Hogrefe.
Holland, P. W., & Wainer, H. (1993). Differential item functioning. Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
Kagan, J. (1969). The three faces of continuity in human development. In D. A. Goslin (Ed.), Handbook of socialization theory and research (pp. 53–65). Chicago: Rand McNally.
Maiden, R. J., Peterson, S. A., Caya, M., & Hayslip, B. (2003). Personality changes in the old-old: a longitudinal study. Journal of Adult Development, 10(1), 31–39. CrossRef
Mantel, N. (1963). Chi-square tests with one degree of freedom. Extension of the Mantel-Haenszel procedure. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 58, 690–700.
Mantel, N., & Haenszel, W. (1959). Statistical aspects of the analysis of data from retrospective studies of disease. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 22, 719–748. PubMed
Millsap, R. E., & Everson, H. T. (1993). Methodology review: statistical approaches for assessing measurement bias. Applied Psychological Measurement, 17, 297–334. CrossRef
Mroczek, D. K., Hurt, S. W., & Berman, W. H. (1999). Conceptual and methodological issues in the assessment of personality disorders in older adults. In E. Rosowsky, R. C. Abrams, & R. A. Zweig (Eds.), Personality disorders in older adults (1st ed., pp. 135–150). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Oltmanns, T. F., & Balsis, S. (2010). Assessment of personality disorders in older adults. In: Lichtenberg, P. A. (Ed.) Handbook of Assessment in Clinical Gerontology. Academic/Elsevier (pp. 101–122)
Penfield, R. D. (2005). DIFAS: differential item functioning analysis system. Applied Psychological Measurement, 29, 150–151. CrossRef
Penfield, R. D. (2007a). DIFAS 4.0. Differential item functioning analysis system: user’s manual. Unpublished manuscript
Penfield, R. D. (2007b). An approach for categorizing DIF in polytomous items. Applied Measurement in Education, 20(3), 335–355. CrossRef
Penfield, R. D., & Algina, J. (2003). Applying the Liu-Agresti estimator of the cumulative common odds ratio to DIF detection in polytomous items. Journal of Educational Measurement, 40, 353–370. CrossRef
Penfield, R. D., & Algina, J. (2006). A generalized DIF effect variance estimator for measuring unsigned differential test functioning in mixed format tests. Journal of Educational Measurement, 43(4), 295–312. CrossRef
Roberts, B. W., Walton, K. E., & Viechtbauer, W. (2006). Patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 3–27.
Savla, J., Davey, A., Costa, P. T., Jr., & Whitfield, K. E. (2007). Replicating the NEO PI-R factor structure in African-American older adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 1279–1288. CrossRef
Segal, D. L., Coolidge, F. L., & Rosowsky, E. (2006). Personality disorders and older adults. Diagnosis, assessment, and treatment. New Jersey: Wiley.
Tackett, J. L., Balsis, S., Oltmanns, T. F., & Krueger, R. F. (2009). A unifying perspective on personality pathology across the life span: developmental considerations for the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Development and Psychopathology, 21, 687–713. PubMedCrossRef
Thissen, D. (2001). IRTLRDIF v.2.0b: software for the computation of the statistics involved in item response theory likelihood ratio tests for differential item functioning. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, L. L. Thurstone Psychometric Laboratory.
Van den Broek, A., & de Haan, J. (2000). Cultuur tussen competitie en competentie. Contouren van het cultuurbereik in 2030. Amsterdam: Boekmanstudies.
Zumbo, B. D. (2007). Three generations of DIF analyses: considering where it has been, where it is now, and where it is going. Language Assessment Quarterly, 4(2), 223–233.
Zweig, R. A. (2008). Personality disorder in older adults: assessment challenges and strategies. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 39(3), 298–305. CrossRef
Zwick, R., Donoghue, J. R., & Grima, A. (1993). Assessment of differential item functioning for performance tasks. Journal of Educational Measurement, 30, 233–251. CrossRef
- Age-neutrality of the NEO-PI-R: Potential Differential Item Functioning in Older Versus Younger Adults
Joke Van den Broeck
Barbara De Clercq
- Springer US
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505