Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Negative interpretation biases have been associated with clinical depression and anxiety. However, ageing is associated with a positivity effect, in which older adults have a positive interpretation bias compared to younger adults. Few studies have compared interpretation biases in younger and older adults and fewer have made this comparison in clinical samples with anxiety and depression. This study conducted a signal detection analysis to assess differences in interpretation biases to ambiguous sentences in a control and a depressed and anxious sample of younger (18–30 years) and older (60+ years) adults. Participants completed an interpretation bias task in which they were presented with unambiguous neutral sentences and ambiguous sentences related to threat. In addition, participants completed a recognition memory task to assess sensitivity and response biases to threat. Clinical anxiety and depression was associated with a negative interpretation bias; however, there were no significant differences in sensitivity or response bias on the recognition memory task. Older age was associated with a positive interpretation bias. Compared to younger adults, older adults showed a positive interpretation bias for ambiguous sentences, and greater sensitivity towards neutral sentences. In contrast, younger adults showed a negative interpretation bias, as well as a response bias towards threatening sentences.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Antony, M. M., Bieling, P. J., Cox, B. J., Enns, M. W., & Swinson, R. P. (1998). Psychometric properties of the 42-item and 21-item versions of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) in clinical groups and a community sample. Psychological Assessment, 10, 176–181. doi: 10.1037/1040-35184.108.40.206. CrossRef
Beck, A. T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York: International University Press.
Brown, T. A., Di Nardo, P. A., & Barlow, D. H. (1994). Anxiety Disorders Interview Scehdule for DSM-IV (ADIS-IV). San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
Cabeleira, C., Bucks, R., Teachman, B. A., & MacLeod, C. (2010). Emotional appraisal of ambiguous scenarios in older and younger adults. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the World Congress of Behavioral and Cognitive therapies, Boston, MA.
Kendall, P. C., & Ingram, R. E. (1987). The future for cognitive assessment of anxiety: Let’s get specific. In L. Michelson & L. M. Ascher (Eds.), Anxiety and stress disorders: Cognitive-behavioral assessment and treatment. New York: Guilford Press.
Kvaal, K., McDougall, F. A., Brayne, C., Matthews, F. E., Dewey, M. E., & MRC CFAS. (2008). Co-occurrence of anxiety and depressive disorders in a community sample of older people: Results from the MRC CFAS (Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study). International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 23, 229–237. doi: 10.1002/gps.1867. PubMedCrossRef
Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995). Manual for the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (2nd ed.). Sydney: Psychology Foundation.
McNichol, D. (1972). A primer of signal detection theory. London: Allen & Unwin Ltd.
Tadic, D., Cabeleira, C. M., Bucks, R., MacLeod, C., Wuthrich, V. M., & Rapee, R. M. (2015a). Age differences in negative expectancy bias in co-morbid depression and anxiety. Manuscript in preparation.
Tadic, D., Wuthrich, V., Rapee, R., Kangas, M., & Taylor, A. (2015b). Age differences in emotion regulation. Manuscript in preparation.
- Age Differences in Interpretation Bias in Community and Comorbid Depressed and Anxious Samples
Viviana M. Wuthrich
Ronald M. Rapee
- Springer US