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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 7/2020

13-04-2020

Affective Prosody Perception and the Relation to Social Competence in Autistic and Typically Developing Children

Auteurs: Nichole E. Scheerer, Fakhri Shafai, Ryan A. Stevenson, Grace Iarocci

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 7/2020

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Abstract

Individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have difficulty perceiving and expressing emotions. Since prosodic changes in speech (i.e. changes in intonation, stress, rhythm, etc.) are crucial for extracting information about the emotional state of a speaker, an inability to perceive and interpret these prosodic changes may be related to impairments in social communication. This study used non-verbal emotional voice-clips to examine the ability of autistic and typically-developing children (7–13 years old) to extract affect from changes in prosody. This research also explored whether difficulty extracting affective intent from changes in prosody may be related to social competence. Autistic (n = 26) and typically-developing (n = 26) children accurately matched emotional voice-clips to emotion words, suggesting autistic children can accurately extract the affective meaning conveyed by changes in prosody. Autistic children were less accurate at matching the voice-clips to emotional faces, suggesting that autistic children may struggle to make use of prosodic information in a social context. Across both autistic and typically-developing children, prosody-face matching accuracy was found to predict overall social competence, as well as social inferencing abilities, suggesting that the inability to utilize affective information derived from a speaker’s voice may interfere with effective social communication.
Voetnoten
1
While person-first language such as “individuals with autism” is often the preference of researchers and clinicians, autistic individuals have indicated a preference for identity-first language, as it incorporates autism as a component of their identity over person-first language (61% versus 28%) (Kenny et al. 2016). A similar preference has also been expressed by parents of autistic children (51% versus 22%) (Kenny et al. 2016) and self-advocates (Sinclair 2013). As such, we will respect this preference and use identity-first language throughout this manuscript.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Affective Prosody Perception and the Relation to Social Competence in Autistic and Typically Developing Children
Auteurs
Nichole E. Scheerer
Fakhri Shafai
Ryan A. Stevenson
Grace Iarocci
Publicatiedatum
13-04-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 7/2020
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-020-00644-5

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