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21-01-2021 | Original Article

Affective Dynamics and Mean Levels of Preschool Irritability and Sadness: Predictors of Children’s Psychological Functioning Two Years Later

Auteurs: Emma Chad-Friedman, Katherine A. Leppert, Thomas M. Olino, Sara J. Bufferd, Lea R. Dougherty

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 2/2022

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Abstract

Although irritability and sadness are cardinal symptoms of depression, they are also common in preschoolers. The daily experiences of these emotions are not well-understood during early childhood, yet may provide insight into identification of early depressive symptoms. The current longitudinal study examined daily mean levels and emotion dynamics of preschool-aged children’s irritability and sadness and psychiatric outcomes in early school-age. Parents (n = 291) completed 14 consecutive daily diaries about their preschoolers’ emotions. Two years later, parents (n = 164) completed a semi-structured clinical interview and questionnaires about their children’s psychological functioning. Strong correlations between mean and dynamic measures (rs = 0.65–0.91) were identified. Preschoolers’ mean daily levels and dynamics of irritability (variability, instability, inertia) and sadness (instability, inertia) predicted symptoms and impairment 2 years later. Sadness instability and inertia continued to predict difficulties after adjusting for mean daily sadness. Fine-grained daily measures of preschoolers’ affect may be help identify children at-risk for psychological problems.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Affective Dynamics and Mean Levels of Preschool Irritability and Sadness: Predictors of Children’s Psychological Functioning Two Years Later
Auteurs
Emma Chad-Friedman
Katherine A. Leppert
Thomas M. Olino
Sara J. Bufferd
Lea R. Dougherty
Publicatiedatum
21-01-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 2/2022
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-021-01121-w

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