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31-07-2021 | Empirical Research

Affective Benefits of Parental Engagement with Adolescent Positive Daily Life Experiences

Auteurs: Julianne M. Griffith, Benjamin L. Hankin

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 10/2021

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Abstract

Positive affect and positive parent-adolescent relationships have been found to reinforce one another across youth development in a pattern of an “upward spiral,” yet little is known regarding processes facilitating such “upward spirals” of social and emotional wellbeing among parent-adolescent dyads. This study addressed this gap by examining interpersonal capitalization, or the process of sharing positive news with others, as one candidate interpersonal process contributing to increases in both parent and adolescent experiences of positive affect in naturalistic settings. Participants included 146 adolescents (52.1% girls; ages 10–14; M[SD] = 12.71[0.86]) and a participating caregiver (N = 139; 78.7% mothers; ages 33–58; M[SD] = 44.11[5.08]) who completed a dyadic experience sampling method procedure assessing both parent and adolescent momentary affect and patterns of engagement in interpersonal capitalization in daily life settings (31 surveys across 9 days). Multilevel models indicated that adolescent positive affect increased following instances of interpersonal capitalization, and increases in positive affect were specific to high-arousal positive emotions (e.g., excited, energetic) relative to low-arousal positive emotions (e.g., calm, relaxed). Parental high-arousal positive affect also increased following instances in which they provided validating, enthusiastic responses to their children’s capitalization attempts. The results of the present study indicate that interpersonal capitalization may be one mechanism facilitating “upward spirals” of positive affect for both parents and adolescents, with implications for health and wellbeing across development.
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1
The extent to which “happy” represents a high- versus low- arousal positive emotion is a matter of some debate in the literature (see Gilbert, 2012). Thus, additional sensitivity analyses were conducted using the average of only excited and energetic affects as an index of parent and youth high-arousal positive affect. Results replicated with remarkably stable effect sizes across these analyses. For this reason, the preregistered analyses including participant ratings of happy affect in the high-arousal positive affect composite are reported in the present manuscript. For further details, interested readers are encouraged to contact the first author.
 
2
Time since event occurrence was measured using a 4-point ordinal scale: 1 (less than 15 min ago), 2 (15-30 min ago), 3 (30-45 min ago), 4 (45-60 min ago), consistent with other ESM studies assessing daily events and emotions in adolescent youth (e.g., Tan et al., 2012).
 
3
Descriptive statistics corresponding to each of these response styles as reported by both parents and adolescents are reported in Table 4.
 
4
Although perhaps somewhat counterintuitive, previous research has indicated that passive-constructive response styles do not portend positive emotional and/or interpersonal outcomes (e.g. Gable et al., 2004; Reis et al., 2010), and that passive-constructive response styles may, in fact, correlate negatively with indices of emotional and relational wellbeing (Gable et al., 2004). In the present data, passive-constructive responding was positively correlated within-persons with destructive responding across both parent and adolescent reports, and correlated negatively with active-constructive according to parent-report (see Table 5), consistent with this proposed conceptual model. As highlighted by a reviewer, however, there may be cultural differences in the relative salience and value of active- versus passive- constructive responding, and empirical work evaluating correlations between passive-constructive response styles and indices of wellbeing in non-Western cultures is lacking, Theories of interpersonal capitalization have largely been developed and elaborated in the context of Western, European American culture, and care must be taken not to overgeneralize associated models and empirical findings to populations that may endorse different emotional goals and valuations (see Miyamoto & Ma, 2011).
 
Literatuur
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Metagegevens
Titel
Affective Benefits of Parental Engagement with Adolescent Positive Daily Life Experiences
Auteurs
Julianne M. Griffith
Benjamin L. Hankin
Publicatiedatum
31-07-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 10/2021
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-021-01484-2

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