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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy 2/2014

01-06-2014 | Original Article

Affect Intensity Contributes to Perfectionistic Self-presentation in Adolescents Beyond Perfectionism

Auteurs: Joachim Stoeber, Danielle L. Roche

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy | Uitgave 2/2014

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Abstract

Perfectionistic self-presentation in adolescents is associated with psychological maladjustment and distress. Yet, no study so far has investigated what personality characteristics contribute to perfectionistic self-presentation in adolescence. Using a cross-sectional correlational design with 119 adolescents aged 11–16 years, this study investigated how perfectionism (self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism) and affect intensity (positive affectivity, negative intensity, and negative reactivity) predicted individual differences in three modes of perfectionistic self-presentation: perfectionistic self-promotion, nondisplay of imperfection, and nondisclosure of imperfection. Results showed a unique prediction pattern for all three modes of perfectionistic self-presentation. Moreover, affect intensity contributed to perfectionistic self-presentation beyond perfectionism in two of the three modes. Perfectionistic self-promotion was predicted by high self-oriented perfectionism, high socially prescribed perfectionism, high positive affectivity, and low negative reactivity. In contrast, nondisplay of imperfection was predicted by high self-oriented perfectionism, high negative reactivity, and low positive affectivity. Nondisclosure of perfectionism was predicted by high socially prescribed perfectionism only. The findings suggest that affect intensity is a personality characteristic contributing to perfectionistic self-presentation in adolescence beyond perfectionism.
Voetnoten
1
For a more positive view of perfectionism and a review of studies suggesting that perfectionism may have positive effects on performance, the interested reader is referred to Stoeber and Otto (2006) and Stoeber (2012).
 
2
In research with older adolescents (e.g., undergraduate students) and adults, a third form is differentiated, other-oriented perfectionism, which is characterized by having perfectionistic expectations of others (Hewitt and Flett 1991; see also Stoeber, 2013).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Affect Intensity Contributes to Perfectionistic Self-presentation in Adolescents Beyond Perfectionism
Auteurs
Joachim Stoeber
Danielle L. Roche
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy / Uitgave 2/2014
Print ISSN: 0894-9085
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6563
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10942-013-0176-x

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