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27-04-2018

Advancing the Multi-Informant Assessment of Sluggish Cognitive Tempo: Child Self-Report in Relation to Parent and Teacher Ratings of SCT and Impairment

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Auteurs:
Belén Sáez, Mateu Servera, G. Leonard Burns, Stephen P. Becker

Abstract

Despite increasing interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in children and advancements in its measurement, little research has examined child self-reported SCT. Child self-report of SCT is important for the multi-informant assessment of SCT. The current study used a large, school-based sample of children and a multi-informant design to examine child self-reported SCT using the Child Concentration Inventory – Version 2 (CCI-2) which was recently revised based on meta-analytic findings and parallels the item content of validated parent and teacher rating scales. The study involved 2142 unique children (ages 8–13 years, 50.51% males). Children (n = 1980) completed measures of SCT, loneliness, and preference for solitude. Mothers (n = 1648), fathers (n = 1358), and teachers (n = 1773) completed measures of SCT, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder-IN (ADHD-IN), academic impairment, social impairment, and conflicted shyness. Children’s self-reported SCT demonstrated good reliability with the 15 SCT symptoms showing moderate to strong loadings on the SCT factor. The child self-report SCT factor also showed moderate convergent validity with mother, father, and teacher ratings of children’s SCT. In addition, higher child-reported SCT predicted greater mother, father, and teacher ratings of children’s academic impairment even after controlling for mother, father, and teacher ratings of children’s SCT and ADHD-IN. Higher child-rated SCT also predicted greater mother ratings of children’s social impairment after controlling for mother ratings of children’s SCT and ADHD-IN. The present study provides initial empirical support for the reliability and validity of child-reported SCT as part of the multi-informant assessment of SCT. A key direction for future research includes evaluating the unique contributions of different informants and their utility within specific contexts to guide evidence-based recommendations for assessing SCT.

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Extra materiaal
Table S1 (DOCX 13 kb)
10802_2018_436_MOESM1_ESM.docx
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