Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The present study examined public perceptions toward children with autism or with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A convenience sample was used consisting of 30 children (7–12-year-olds) and 30 adults. Participants read a stereotyped scenario featuring either a child with autism, a child with ADHD, or a normal child. Child participants were significantly more likely than adults to (a) express dislike/avoidance toward a child described with either stereotypic autistic or ADHD behaviors, and (b) perceive the child with ADHD as unlike themselves. However, child participants and adults were equally likely to see the autistic child as unlike themselves. Reasons for the different perceptions of children and adults may include differences in perceived threat and in categorization.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Barkley, R. A., Fischer, M., Edelbrock, C. S., & Smallish, L. (1990). The adolescent outcome of hyperactive children diagnosed by research criteria: I. An 8-year prospective follow-up study. Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 29, 546–557. CrossRef
Baron-Cohen, S., Tager-Flusberg, H., & Cohen, D. (1993). Understanding other minds. New York: Oxford University Press.
Brown, R. T., & La Rosa, A. (2002). Recent developments in the pharmacotherapy of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 33, 591–595. CrossRef
Hastings, R. P., & Oakford, S. (2003). Student teachers’ attitudes towards the inclusion of children with special needs. Educational Psychology, 23, 87–93. CrossRef
Ingersoli, B. D., & Goldstein, S. (1993). Attention deficit disorder and learning disabilities: Realities, myths, and controversial treatments. New York: Doubleday.
Kupersmit, J. B., Coie, J. D., & Dodge, K. A. (1990). The role of poor peer relationships n the development of disorder. In S. R. Asher, & J. D. Coie (Eds.), Peer rejection in childhood (pp. 274–305). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Lalonde, R. N., Moghaddam, F. M., & Taylor, D. M. (1987). The process of group differentiation in a dynamic intergroup setting. Journal of Social Psychology, 127, 273–287. CrossRef
Mortlock, J. (1993). The socio-sexual development of people with autism and related learning disabilities. Retrieved October 9, 2003, from The National Autistic Society Website: http://www.nas.org.uk/pubs/archive/socio.html.
Myles, B. S., Simpson, R. L., Ormsbee, C. K., & Erickson, C. (1993). Intergrating preschool children with autism with their normally developing peers: Research findings and best practices recommendations. Focus on Autistic Behavior, 8, 1–18.
Santrock, J. W. (2001). Child development (9th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Simonova, H. (1996). Autism: Behavioral features. Homeostasis, 37, 143–144.
Skowronki, J. J., & Carlston, D. F. (1989). Negativity and extremity biases in impression formation. A review of explanations. Psychological Bulletin, 105, 131–142. CrossRef
Tajfel, H. (1982). Social psychology of intergroup relations. Annual Review of Psychology, 33, 1–39. CrossRef
Whalen, C., K., & Henker, B. (1985). The social worlds of hyperactive (ADDH) children. Clinical Psychology Review, 5, 447–478.
Wing, L. (1972). Autistic children. New York: Bruner/Mazel Inc.
Zager, D. B. (1999). Autism: Identification, education, and treatment (2nd ed.). Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Adults’ Versus Children’s Perceptions of a Child with Autism or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Duncan A. Ferguson
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers