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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 3/2023

09-12-2022 | Empirical Research

Adolescents with Few Friend Alternatives are Particularly Susceptible to Influence from Friends

Auteurs: Sharon Faur, Brett Laursen, Jaana Juvonen

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 3/2023

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Abstract

Friend influence in adolescence is well-documented, but the characteristics that contribute to individual differences in susceptibility to influence are not well understood. The present study tests the novel hypothesis that within a friend dyad, having fewer friends than one’s partner (i.e., relative lack of alternatives) increases susceptibility to influence as it reduces dissimilarity and thereby promotes compatibility. Drawn from diverse California (USA) public middle schools, participants were 678 adolescents (58% girls) in reciprocated friendships that were stable from the fall to the spring of sixth grade (M = 11.53 years old). Longitudinal Actor-Partner Interdependence Models assessed peer influence, operationalized as individual change in the direction of increased friend similarity. Consistent with the hypothesis, partners with fewer friends were influenced by partners with relatively more friends in self-reported social anxiety and somatic complaints, as well as teacher-reported academic engagement and prosocial behavior. Academic engagement was the only domain wherein partners with more friends were also influenced by partners with relatively fewer friends. For those with few friends, conformity (i.e., becoming more similar to a partner) can be an important strategy to promote compatibility for strengthening existing friendships.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Adolescents with Few Friend Alternatives are Particularly Susceptible to Influence from Friends
Auteurs
Sharon Faur
Brett Laursen
Jaana Juvonen
Publicatiedatum
09-12-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 3/2023
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-022-01718-x

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