Adolescents’ sleep quality in relation to peer, family and school factors: findings from the 2017/2018 HBSC study in Flanders
Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 1/2021Log in om toegang te krijgen
While a multitude of studies focused on biological and behavioral determinants of adolescents’ sleep quality, a paucity of research examined the impact of social factors. The current study therefore examines the relationship between adolescents’ sleep quality and peer, family and school factors.
Data of Flemish participants in the 2017/2018 Health Behavior in School-aged Children survey (HBSC) were used, which is representative of the adolescent population (11–18 years) in Flanders. Adolescents’ sleep quality was linked to individual-level data on peer relationships (i.e., peer support), family relationships (i.e., family support, perceived family wealth, caregiving responsibilities) and school relationships (i.e., teacher support, school support, school pressure) and contextual-level data on the school culture. Three-level multilevel models were fitted to account for the clustering of individuals (N = 8153) within classes (N = 769) and classes within schools (N = 177).
The individual-level results indicated that adolescents’ sleep quality was positively related to family support, teacher support, student support and perceived family wealth. In contrast, adolescents’ sleep quality was negatively related to caregiving responsibilities and school pressure. In addition, the contextual-level results pointed out that adolescents tended to report better sleep quality in less-demanding schools.
These findings highlight the need to consider social factors in promoting better sleep in adolescence.