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24-09-2021 | Original Article

Adolescents in Treatment for Substance Use Disorders: Callous-Unemotional Traits Moderate Associations Between Transdiagnostic Symptoms and Adolescent Suicidality

Auteurs: Drew E. Winters, Susan K. Mikulich, Christian Hopfer, Joseph T. Sakai

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 2/2023

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Abstract

Suicide, a common cause of death in adolescents, is linked to internalizing and externalizing symptoms. These associations are pronounced amongst adolescents who use substances. But these relationships are complex. For example, sex differences are present in association with internalizing/externalizing symptoms as well as differences in suicidality. A rarely explored factor that may account for this complexity as a moderator is callous-unemotional traits. The present study examines associations of internalizing and externalizing in relation to suicidality in the context of callous-unemotional traits amongst adolescents in substance use treatment. Additionally, sex differences were explored. A sample of 317 adolescents (13–18; 16.05 ± 1.22) in treatment for substance use completed measures for internalizing, externalizing, and suicidal symptoms. The main result suggested the presence of callous-unemotional (CU) traits attenuated the positive association between internalizing and a latent suicidality factor. This novel result contextualizes the association between transdiagnostic symptoms and suicidality. Assessing CU traits in the presence of internalizing symptoms may be an important component of understanding suicide risk amongst adolescents in treatment for substance use.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Adolescents in Treatment for Substance Use Disorders: Callous-Unemotional Traits Moderate Associations Between Transdiagnostic Symptoms and Adolescent Suicidality
Auteurs
Drew E. Winters
Susan K. Mikulich
Christian Hopfer
Joseph T. Sakai
Publicatiedatum
24-09-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 2/2023
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-021-01256-w

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