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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 8/2022

07-07-2022 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Adolescents’ Experiences of Distress and Well-being During Intensive Mindfulness Practice: A Mixed-Methods Study

Auteurs: Michael J. Tumminia, Shana E. DeVlieger, Sharon Colvin, Thomas Akiva, Brian M. Galla

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 8/2022

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Abstract

Objectives

In recent years, mindfulness has gone mainstream, reaching many adolescents through school programs and smartphone applications. Yet there is little empirical understanding of what mindfulness practice is like for adolescents. This mixed-methods study sought to capture adolescents’ lived experiences as they embarked on a period of intensive mindfulness practice.

Methods

Twenty-three self-selected youth (Mage = 16.68 years, SD = 1.55; 57% girls, 43% boys; 52% White, 13% African American, 4% Latino, 4% East Asian, and 26% Multiracial) participated in a 6-day residential mindfulness retreat. Participants completed self-report surveys, open-ended daily diaries, and discussed their experiences in focus groups. Qualitative data were analyzed using a two-cycle coding process to categorize common patterns of adolescents’ experiences during mindfulness practice and quantitative data were examined for demographic subgroup differences.

Results

Adolescents reported an array of experiences of distress from cognitive (83% of adolescents; e.g., self-loathing and rumination), to emotional (87% of adolescents; e.g., sadness), and to physical distress (44% of adolescents; e.g., physical pain) during mindfulness practice. They also described a range of well-being experiences from cognitive (87% of adolescents; e.g., self-inquiry and discovery), to emotional (65% of adolescents; e.g., acceptance), and to social well-being (39% of adolescents; e.g., loving-kindness and connection). The frequency of experiences of distress and well-being reported were relatively balanced overall, yet girls and experienced meditators reported greater distress.

Conclusions

This study paints a descriptive picture of adolescents’ experiences during mindfulness practice and suggested that their experiences might reflect core developmental concerns. Implications for adolescent development and contemplative science are discussed.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Adolescents’ Experiences of Distress and Well-being During Intensive Mindfulness Practice: A Mixed-Methods Study
Auteurs
Michael J. Tumminia
Shana E. DeVlieger
Sharon Colvin
Thomas Akiva
Brian M. Galla
Publicatiedatum
07-07-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 8/2022
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-022-01932-5

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