Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 3/2013

01-03-2013 | Empirical Research

Adolescent Neglect, Juvenile Delinquency and the Risk of Recidivism

Auteurs: Joseph P. Ryan, Abigail B. Williams, Mark E. Courtney

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 3/2013

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Victims of child abuse and neglect are at an increased risk of involvement with the juvenile justice and adult correctional systems. Yet, little is known about the continuation and trajectories of offending beyond initial contact with law enforcement. Neglect likely plays a critical role in continued offending as parental monitoring, parental rejection and family relationships are instrumental in explaining juvenile conduct problems. This study sought to determine whether neglect is associated with recidivism for moderate and high risk juvenile offenders in Washington State. Statewide risk assessments and administrative records for child welfare, juvenile justice, and adult corrections were analyzed. The sample was diverse (24 % female, 13 % African American, 8 % Hispanic, 5 % Native American) and included all moderate and high risk juvenile offenders screened by juvenile probation between 2004 and 2007 (n = 19,833). Official records from child protection were used to identify juvenile offenders with a history of child neglect and to identify juvenile offenders with an ongoing case of neglect. Event history models were developed to estimate the risk of subsequent offending. Adolescents with an ongoing case neglect were significantly more likely to continue offending as compared with youth with no official history of neglect. These findings remain even after controlling for a wide range of family, peer, academic, mental health, and substance abuse covariates. Interrupting trajectories of offending is a primary focus of juvenile justice. The findings of the current study indicate that ongoing dependency issues play a critical role in explaining the outcomes achieved for adolescents in juvenile justice settings. The implications for improved collaboration between child welfare and juvenile justice are discussed.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference Bolger, K. E., & Patterson, C. J. (2001). Developmental pathways from child maltreatment to peer rejection. Child Development, 72, 549–568. PubMedCrossRef Bolger, K. E., & Patterson, C. J. (2001). Developmental pathways from child maltreatment to peer rejection. Child Development, 72, 549–568. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cashmore, J. (2011). The link between child maltreatment and adolescent offending: Systems neglect of adolescents. Family Matters, 89, 31–41. Cashmore, J. (2011). The link between child maltreatment and adolescent offending: Systems neglect of adolescents. Family Matters, 89, 31–41.
go back to reference Cook, L. J., Olson, L. M., & Dean, J. M. (2001). Probabilistic record linkage: Relationships between file sizes, identifiers and match weights. Methods of Information in Medicine, 40, 196–203. PubMed Cook, L. J., Olson, L. M., & Dean, J. M. (2001). Probabilistic record linkage: Relationships between file sizes, identifiers and match weights. Methods of Information in Medicine, 40, 196–203. PubMed
go back to reference Erickson, M. F., & Egeland, B. (2002). Child neglect. In J. Briere, L. Berliner, C. T. Hendrix, C. Jenny, & T. Reid (Eds.), The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment (2nd ed., pp. 3–20). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Erickson, M. F., & Egeland, B. (2002). Child neglect. In J. Briere, L. Berliner, C. T. Hendrix, C. Jenny, & T. Reid (Eds.), The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment (2nd ed., pp. 3–20). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
go back to reference Furstenberg, F., & Hughes, M. (1995). Social capital and successful development among at-risk youth. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 57, 580–592. CrossRef Furstenberg, F., & Hughes, M. (1995). Social capital and successful development among at-risk youth. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 57, 580–592. CrossRef
go back to reference Greenwood, P. (2006). Changing lives: Delinquency prevention as crime control policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Greenwood, P. (2006). Changing lives: Delinquency prevention as crime control policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
go back to reference Herz, D. C., Ryan, J. P., & Bilchik, S. (2010). Challenges facing crossover youth: An examination of juvenile-justice decision making and recidivism. Family Court Review, 48, 305–321. CrossRef Herz, D. C., Ryan, J. P., & Bilchik, S. (2010). Challenges facing crossover youth: An examination of juvenile-justice decision making and recidivism. Family Court Review, 48, 305–321. CrossRef
go back to reference Hoeve, M., Dubas, J. S., Eichelsheim, V. I., Van der Laan, P. H., Smeenk, W. H., & Gerris, J. R. M. (2009). The relationship between parenting and delinquency: A meta-analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37, 749–775. PubMedCrossRef Hoeve, M., Dubas, J. S., Eichelsheim, V. I., Van der Laan, P. H., Smeenk, W. H., & Gerris, J. R. M. (2009). The relationship between parenting and delinquency: A meta-analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37, 749–775. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ireland, T., Smith, C. A., & Thornberry, T. P. (2002). Developmental issues in the impact of child maltreatment on later delinquency and drug use. Criminology, 40, 359–399. CrossRef Ireland, T., Smith, C. A., & Thornberry, T. P. (2002). Developmental issues in the impact of child maltreatment on later delinquency and drug use. Criminology, 40, 359–399. CrossRef
go back to reference Kelly, G., & McSherry, D. (2002). Adoption from care in Northern Ireland: Problems in the process. Child and Family Social Work, 7, 297–309. CrossRef Kelly, G., & McSherry, D. (2002). Adoption from care in Northern Ireland: Problems in the process. Child and Family Social Work, 7, 297–309. CrossRef
go back to reference Kerr, M., Stattin, H., & Burk, W. J. (2010). A reinterpretation of parental monitoring in longitudinal perspective. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 20, 39–64. CrossRef Kerr, M., Stattin, H., & Burk, W. J. (2010). A reinterpretation of parental monitoring in longitudinal perspective. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 20, 39–64. CrossRef
go back to reference Lanius, R., Vermetten, E., & Pain, C. (2011). The impact of early life trauma on health and disease: The hidden epidemic. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Lanius, R., Vermetten, E., & Pain, C. (2011). The impact of early life trauma on health and disease: The hidden epidemic. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Loeber, R., & Stouthamer–Loeber, M. (1986). Family factors as correlates and predictors of Juvenile conduct problems and delinquency. In M. Tonry & N. Morris (Eds.), Crime and justice: An annual review of research. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Loeber, R., & Stouthamer–Loeber, M. (1986). Family factors as correlates and predictors of Juvenile conduct problems and delinquency. In M. Tonry & N. Morris (Eds.), Crime and justice: An annual review of research. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
go back to reference Mills, R., Alati, R., O’Callaghan, M., Najman, J., Williams, G., Bor, W., et al. (2010). Child abuse and neglect and cognitive function at 14 years of age: Findings from a birth cohort. Pediatrics, 127, 4–10. PubMedCrossRef Mills, R., Alati, R., O’Callaghan, M., Najman, J., Williams, G., Bor, W., et al. (2010). Child abuse and neglect and cognitive function at 14 years of age: Findings from a birth cohort. Pediatrics, 127, 4–10. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mossal, E., & Dubois-Comtois, K. (2011). Efficacy of a home-visiting intervention aimed at improving maternal sensitivity, child attachment, and behavioral outcomes for maltreated children: A randomized control trial. Development and Psychopathology, 23, 195–210. CrossRef Mossal, E., & Dubois-Comtois, K. (2011). Efficacy of a home-visiting intervention aimed at improving maternal sensitivity, child attachment, and behavioral outcomes for maltreated children: A randomized control trial. Development and Psychopathology, 23, 195–210. CrossRef
go back to reference Ryan, J. P. (in press). Substitute care in child welfare and the risk of arrest: Does the type of placement matter? Child Maltreatment. Ryan, J. P. (in press). Substitute care in child welfare and the risk of arrest: Does the type of placement matter? Child Maltreatment.
go back to reference Ryan, J. P., Herz, D., Hernandez, P., & Marshall, J. (2007). Maltreatment and delinquency: Investigating child welfare bias in juvenile justice processing. Children and Youth Services Review, 29, 1035–1050. CrossRef Ryan, J. P., Herz, D., Hernandez, P., & Marshall, J. (2007). Maltreatment and delinquency: Investigating child welfare bias in juvenile justice processing. Children and Youth Services Review, 29, 1035–1050. CrossRef
go back to reference Ryan, J. P., & Testa, M. F. (2005). Child maltreatment and juvenile delinquency: Investigating the role of placement and placement instability. Children and Youth Services Review, 27, 227–249. CrossRef Ryan, J. P., & Testa, M. F. (2005). Child maltreatment and juvenile delinquency: Investigating the role of placement and placement instability. Children and Youth Services Review, 27, 227–249. CrossRef
go back to reference Smith, C. A., & Thornberry, T. P. (1995). The relationship between childhood maltreatment and adolescent involvement in delinquency. Criminology, 33, 451–481. CrossRef Smith, C. A., & Thornberry, T. P. (1995). The relationship between childhood maltreatment and adolescent involvement in delinquency. Criminology, 33, 451–481. CrossRef
go back to reference Smith, Carolyn A., Thornberry, Terence P., & Ireland, Timothy O. (2004). Adolescent maltreatment and its impact: Timing matters. The Prevention Researcher, 11, 7–11. Smith, Carolyn A., Thornberry, Terence P., & Ireland, Timothy O. (2004). Adolescent maltreatment and its impact: Timing matters. The Prevention Researcher, 11, 7–11.
go back to reference Stewart, A., Livingston, M., & Dennison, S. (2008). Transitions and turning points: Examining the links between child maltreatment and juvenile offending. Child Abuse and Neglect, 32, 51–66. PubMedCrossRef Stewart, A., Livingston, M., & Dennison, S. (2008). Transitions and turning points: Examining the links between child maltreatment and juvenile offending. Child Abuse and Neglect, 32, 51–66. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Thornberry, T. P., Ireland, T. O., & Smith, C. A. (2001). The importance of timing: The varying impact of childhood and adolescent maltreatment on multiple problem outcomes. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 957–979. PubMed Thornberry, T. P., Ireland, T. O., & Smith, C. A. (2001). The importance of timing: The varying impact of childhood and adolescent maltreatment on multiple problem outcomes. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 957–979. PubMed
go back to reference Vuchinich, S., Ozretich, R., Pratt, C., & Kneedler, B. (2002). Problem-solving communication in foster families and birth families. Child Welfare, 81, 571–595. PubMed Vuchinich, S., Ozretich, R., Pratt, C., & Kneedler, B. (2002). Problem-solving communication in foster families and birth families. Child Welfare, 81, 571–595. PubMed
go back to reference Wald, M. (1976). State intervention on behalf of neglected children: Standards for removal of children from their homes, monitoring the status of children in Foster care and termination of parental rights. Stanford Law Review, 28, 637. CrossRef Wald, M. (1976). State intervention on behalf of neglected children: Standards for removal of children from their homes, monitoring the status of children in Foster care and termination of parental rights. Stanford Law Review, 28, 637. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Adolescent Neglect, Juvenile Delinquency and the Risk of Recidivism
Auteurs
Joseph P. Ryan
Abigail B. Williams
Mark E. Courtney
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 3/2013
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-013-9906-8