Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2/2006

01-02-2006

ADHD Symptom Subtypes in Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorder

Auteurs: Kenneth D. Gadow, Carla J. DeVincent, John Pomeroy

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 2/2006

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Objective

Compares DSM-IV ADHD subtypes in large samples of 3-to-5 and 6-to-12 year old children with pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) vs. nonPDD clinic referrals.

Method

Parents and teachers completed a DSM-IV-referenced rating scale.

Results

ADHD subtypes were clearly differentiated from the nonADHD group and showed a differential pattern of co-occurring psychiatric symptoms (more pronounced for teacher- than parent-defined subtypes and older than younger children) that was similar in both PDD and nonPDD samples. The Combined type had more severe oppositional, aggressive, and PDD symptoms than Inattentive type and were from less advantaged homes than other subtypes. Hyperactive-Impulsive type was least impaired.

Conclusion

Findings support the notion that ADHD may be a clinically meaningful syndrome in children with PDD.
Literatuur
go back to reference Achenbach T. M., (1991a). Manual for the child behavior checklist/4-18 and 1991 profile University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry Burlington, VT Achenbach T. M., (1991a). Manual for the child behavior checklist/4-18 and 1991 profile University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry Burlington, VT
go back to reference Achenbach T. M., (1991b). Manual for the teacher’s report form and 1991 profile University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry Burlington, VT Achenbach T. M., (1991b). Manual for the teacher’s report form and 1991 profile University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry Burlington, VT
go back to reference Achenbach T. M., McConaughy S. H., Howell C. T., (1987). Child/adolescent behavioral and emotional problems: Implications of cross-informant correlations for situational specificity Psychological Bulletin 101: 213–232PubMedCrossRef Achenbach T. M., McConaughy S. H., Howell C. T., (1987). Child/adolescent behavioral and emotional problems: Implications of cross-informant correlations for situational specificity Psychological Bulletin 101: 213–232PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Aman M. G., Buican B., Arnold L. E., (2003). Methylphenidate treatment in children with borderline IQ and mental retardation: Analysis of three aggregated studies Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology 13: 29–40PubMedCrossRef Aman M. G., Buican B., Arnold L. E., (2003). Methylphenidate treatment in children with borderline IQ and mental retardation: Analysis of three aggregated studies Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology 13: 29–40PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th ed., (DSM-IV). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th ed., (DSM-IV). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association
go back to reference Ando H., Yoshimura I., (1979). Effects of age on communication skill levels and prevalence of maladaptive behaviors in autistic and mentally retarded children Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9: 83–93PubMedCrossRef Ando H., Yoshimura I., (1979). Effects of age on communication skill levels and prevalence of maladaptive behaviors in autistic and mentally retarded children Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9: 83–93PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Baumgaertel M. D., Wolraich M. L., Dietrich M., (1995). Comparison of diagnostic criteria for attention deficit disorders in a German elementary school sample Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 34: 629–638PubMedCrossRef Baumgaertel M. D., Wolraich M. L., Dietrich M., (1995). Comparison of diagnostic criteria for attention deficit disorders in a German elementary school sample Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 34: 629–638PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Berkson J., (1946). Limitations of the application of the fourfold table analysis to hospital data Biometrics 2: 47–53CrossRef Berkson J., (1946). Limitations of the application of the fourfold table analysis to hospital data Biometrics 2: 47–53CrossRef
go back to reference Bird H. R., Gould M. S., Staghezza B., (1992). Aggregating data from multiple informants in child psychiatry epidemiological research Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 31: 78–85PubMedCrossRef Bird H. R., Gould M. S., Staghezza B., (1992). Aggregating data from multiple informants in child psychiatry epidemiological research Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 31: 78–85PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Birmaher B., Quintana H., Greenhill L., (1987). Methylphenidate treatment of hyperactive autistic children Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 26: 248–251CrossRef Birmaher B., Quintana H., Greenhill L., (1987). Methylphenidate treatment of hyperactive autistic children Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 26: 248–251CrossRef
go back to reference Buitelaar J. K., Van der Gaag R., Klin A., Volkmar F., (1999). Exploring the boundaries of pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified: Analyses of data from the DSM-IV autistic disorder field trial Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 29: 33–43PubMedCrossRef Buitelaar J. K., Van der Gaag R., Klin A., Volkmar F., (1999). Exploring the boundaries of pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified: Analyses of data from the DSM-IV autistic disorder field trial Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 29: 33–43PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Caron C., Rutter M., (1991). Comorbidity in child psychopathology: Concepts, issues and research strategies Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 32: 1063–1080PubMedCrossRef Caron C., Rutter M., (1991). Comorbidity in child psychopathology: Concepts, issues and research strategies Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 32: 1063–1080PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Chung S. Y., Luk S. L., Lee P. W. H., (1990). A follow-up study of Infantile Autism in Hong Kong Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 20: 221–232PubMedCrossRef Chung S. Y., Luk S. L., Lee P. W. H., (1990). A follow-up study of Infantile Autism in Hong Kong Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 20: 221–232PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Drabick, D. A. G., Gadow, K. D., Carlson, G. A., & Bromet, E. J. (2004). ODD and ADHD symptoms in Ukrainian children: External validators and comorbidity. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Drabick, D. A. G., Gadow, K. D., Carlson, G. A., & Bromet, E. J. (2004). ODD and ADHD symptoms in Ukrainian children: External validators and comorbidity. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
go back to reference Eiraldi R. B., Power T. J., Nezu C. M., (1997). Patterns of comorbidity associated with subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder among 6- to 12-year-old children Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 36: 503–514PubMedCrossRef Eiraldi R. B., Power T. J., Nezu C. M., (1997). Patterns of comorbidity associated with subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder among 6- to 12-year-old children Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 36: 503–514PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ellis M. J., Witt P. A., Reynolds R., Sprague R. L., (1974). Methylphenidate and the activity of hyperactives in informal settings Child Development 45: 217–220PubMedCrossRef Ellis M. J., Witt P. A., Reynolds R., Sprague R. L., (1974). Methylphenidate and the activity of hyperactives in informal settings Child Development 45: 217–220PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Faraone S. V., Biederman J., Weber W., Russell R. L., (1998). Psychiatric, neuropsychological, and psychosocial features of DSM-IV subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Results from a clinically referred sample Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 37: 185–193PubMed Faraone S. V., Biederman J., Weber W., Russell R. L., (1998). Psychiatric, neuropsychological, and psychosocial features of DSM-IV subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Results from a clinically referred sample Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 37: 185–193PubMed
go back to reference Gadow K. D., DeVincent C., Pomeroy J., Azizian A., (2004a). Psychiatric symptoms in preschool children with PDD and clinic and comparison samples Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34 Gadow K. D., DeVincent C., Pomeroy J., Azizian A., (2004a). Psychiatric symptoms in preschool children with PDD and clinic and comparison samples Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34
go back to reference Gadow, K. D., DeVincent, C., Pomeroy, J., & Azizian, A. (2005). Comparison of DSM-IV symptoms in elementary school-aged children with PDD versus clinic and community samples. Autism, 9, 392–415PubMedCrossRef Gadow, K. D., DeVincent, C., Pomeroy, J., & Azizian, A. (2005). Comparison of DSM-IV symptoms in elementary school-aged children with PDD versus clinic and community samples. Autism, 9, 392–415PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gadow K. D., Drabick D. A. G., Loney J., Sprafkin J., Salisbury H., Azizian A., Schwartz J., (2004b). Comparison of ADHD symptom subtypes as source-specific syndromes Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry 43:735–743 Gadow K. D., Drabick D. A. G., Loney J., Sprafkin J., Salisbury H., Azizian A., Schwartz J., (2004b). Comparison of ADHD symptom subtypes as source-specific syndromes Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry 43:735–743
go back to reference Gadow K. D., Nolan E. E., (2002). Differences between preschool children with ODD, ADHD, and ODD+ADHD symptoms Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 43:191–201PubMedCrossRef Gadow K. D., Nolan E. E., (2002). Differences between preschool children with ODD, ADHD, and ODD+ADHD symptoms Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 43:191–201PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gadow K. D., Sprafkin J., (1997). Early childhood symptom inventory-4 norms manual Checkmate Plus Stony Brook, NY Gadow K. D., Sprafkin J., (1997). Early childhood symptom inventory-4 norms manual Checkmate Plus Stony Brook, NY
go back to reference Gadow K. D., Sprafkin J., (2000). Early childhood symptom inventory-4 screening manual. Checkmate Plus Stony Brook, NY Gadow K. D., Sprafkin J., (2000). Early childhood symptom inventory-4 screening manual. Checkmate Plus Stony Brook, NY
go back to reference Gadow K. D., Sprafkin J., (2002). Child Symptom Inventory-4 screening and norms manual. Checkmate Plus Stony Brook, NY Gadow K. D., Sprafkin J., (2002). Child Symptom Inventory-4 screening and norms manual. Checkmate Plus Stony Brook, NY
go back to reference Gadow K. D., Sprafkin J., Nolan E. E., (2001). DSM-IV symptoms in community and clinic preschool children Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 40:1383–1392CrossRef Gadow K. D., Sprafkin J., Nolan E. E., (2001). DSM-IV symptoms in community and clinic preschool children Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 40:1383–1392CrossRef
go back to reference Gadow K. D., Sprafkin J., Salisbury H., Schneider J., Loney J., (2004c). Further validity evidence for the teacher version of the Child Symptom Inventory-4 School Psychology Quarterly 19:50–71CrossRef Gadow K. D., Sprafkin J., Salisbury H., Schneider J., Loney J., (2004c). Further validity evidence for the teacher version of the Child Symptom Inventory-4 School Psychology Quarterly 19:50–71CrossRef
go back to reference Gadow K. D., Sverd J., Sprafkin J., Nolan E. E., Ezor S. N., (1995). Efficacy of methylphenidate for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in children with tic disorder Archives of General Psychiatry 52:444–455PubMed Gadow K. D., Sverd J., Sprafkin J., Nolan E. E., Ezor S. N., (1995). Efficacy of methylphenidate for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in children with tic disorder Archives of General Psychiatry 52:444–455PubMed
go back to reference Gaub M., Carlson C. L., (1997). Behavioral characteristics of DSM-IV ADHD subtypes in a school-based population Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 25:103–111PubMedCrossRef Gaub M., Carlson C. L., (1997). Behavioral characteristics of DSM-IV ADHD subtypes in a school-based population Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 25:103–111PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ghaziuddin M., Weidmer-Mikhail E., Ghaziuddin N., (1998). Comorbidity of Asperger syndrome: A preliminary report Journal of Intellectual Disability Research 42:279–283PubMedCrossRef Ghaziuddin M., Weidmer-Mikhail E., Ghaziuddin N., (1998). Comorbidity of Asperger syndrome: A preliminary report Journal of Intellectual Disability Research 42:279–283PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ghaziuddin M., Tsai L., Alessi N., (1992). ADHD and PDD Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 31:567PubMedCrossRef Ghaziuddin M., Tsai L., Alessi N., (1992). ADHD and PDD Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 31:567PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gillberg C., Billstedt E., (2000). Autism and Asperger syndrome: Coexistence with other clinical disorders Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 102:321–330PubMedCrossRef Gillberg C., Billstedt E., (2000). Autism and Asperger syndrome: Coexistence with other clinical disorders Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 102:321–330PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gillott A., Furniss F., Walter A., (2001). Anxiety in high-functioning children with autism Autism 4:117–132 Gillott A., Furniss F., Walter A., (2001). Anxiety in high-functioning children with autism Autism 4:117–132
go back to reference Green J., Gilchrist A., Burton D., Cox A., (2000). Social and psychiatric functioning in adolescents with Asperger’s syndrome compared with conduct disorder Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 30:279–293PubMedCrossRef Green J., Gilchrist A., Burton D., Cox A., (2000). Social and psychiatric functioning in adolescents with Asperger’s syndrome compared with conduct disorder Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 30:279–293PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Handen B. L., Johnson C. R., Lubetsky M., (2000). Efficacy of methylphenidate among children with autism and symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 30:245–255PubMedCrossRef Handen B. L., Johnson C. R., Lubetsky M., (2000). Efficacy of methylphenidate among children with autism and symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 30:245–255PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Handen B. L., McAuliffe S., Janosky J., Feldman H., Breaux A. M., (1998). A playroom observation procedure to assess children with mental retardation and ADHD Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 26:269–277PubMedCrossRef Handen B. L., McAuliffe S., Janosky J., Feldman H., Breaux A. M., (1998). A playroom observation procedure to assess children with mental retardation and ADHD Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 26:269–277PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hollingshead, A. B. (1975). Four factor index of social status. New Haven, CT: Department of Sociology, Yale University Hollingshead, A. B. (1975). Four factor index of social status. New Haven, CT: Department of Sociology, Yale University
go back to reference Kim J. A., Szatmari P., Bryson S., et al. (2000). The prevalence of anxiety and mood problems among children with autism and Asperger syndrome Autism 4:117–132CrossRef Kim J. A., Szatmari P., Bryson S., et al. (2000). The prevalence of anxiety and mood problems among children with autism and Asperger syndrome Autism 4:117–132CrossRef
go back to reference Klin A., Lang J., Cicchetti D. V., Volkmar F. R., (2000). Brief report: Interrater reliability of clinical diagnoses and DSM-IV criteria for autistic disorder: Results of the DSM-IV Autism Field Trial Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 30:163–167PubMedCrossRef Klin A., Lang J., Cicchetti D. V., Volkmar F. R., (2000). Brief report: Interrater reliability of clinical diagnoses and DSM-IV criteria for autistic disorder: Results of the DSM-IV Autism Field Trial Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 30:163–167PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kupfer, D. J., First, M. B., & Regier, D. A. (Eds.). (2002). A research agenda for DSM-V. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association Kupfer, D. J., First, M. B., & Regier, D. A. (Eds.). (2002). A research agenda for DSM-V. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association
go back to reference Kurita H., (1991). School refusal in pervasive developmental disorders Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 21:1–15PubMedCrossRef Kurita H., (1991). School refusal in pervasive developmental disorders Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 21:1–15PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lahey B. B., Applegate B., McBurnett K., Biederman J., Greenhill L., Hynd G. W., Barkley R. A., Newcorn J., Jensen P., Richters J., Garfinkel B., Kerdyk L., Frick P. J., Ollendick T., Perez D., Hart E., Waldman I., Shaffer D., (1994). DSM-IV field trials for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents American Journal of Psychiatry 152:1673–1685 Lahey B. B., Applegate B., McBurnett K., Biederman J., Greenhill L., Hynd G. W., Barkley R. A., Newcorn J., Jensen P., Richters J., Garfinkel B., Kerdyk L., Frick P. J., Ollendick T., Perez D., Hart E., Waldman I., Shaffer D., (1994). DSM-IV field trials for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents American Journal of Psychiatry 152:1673–1685
go back to reference Lord C., Risi S., Lambrecht L., Cook E. H. Jr., Leventhal B. L., DiLavore P. C., Pickles A., Rutter M., (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule-generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 30:205–223PubMedCrossRef Lord C., Risi S., Lambrecht L., Cook E. H. Jr., Leventhal B. L., DiLavore P. C., Pickles A., Rutter M., (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule-generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 30:205–223PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Loveland K. A., Tunali-Kotoski B., (1997). The school-age child with autism. In Cohen D. J., Volkmar F. R., (eds). Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (2nd. Ed), Wiley, New York, 283–308 Loveland K. A., Tunali-Kotoski B., (1997). The school-age child with autism. In Cohen D. J., Volkmar F. R., (eds). Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (2nd. Ed), Wiley, New York, 283–308
go back to reference Loney J., Milich R., (1982). Hyperactivity, inattention, and aggression in clinical practice. In Wolraich M., Routh D. L., (eds.), Advances in developmental and behavioral pediatrics Vol. 3 JAI Press Greenwich, CT, 113–147 Loney J., Milich R., (1982). Hyperactivity, inattention, and aggression in clinical practice. In Wolraich M., Routh D. L., (eds.), Advances in developmental and behavioral pediatrics Vol. 3 JAI Press Greenwich, CT, 113–147
go back to reference Mayes L., Vilkmar F., Hooks M., Cicchetti D., (1993). Differentiating pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified from autism and language disorders Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 23:70–79CrossRef Mayes L., Vilkmar F., Hooks M., Cicchetti D., (1993). Differentiating pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified from autism and language disorders Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 23:70–79CrossRef
go back to reference Maedgen J. W., Carlson C. L., (2000). Social functioning and emotional regulation in the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder subtypes Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 29:30–42PubMedCrossRef Maedgen J. W., Carlson C. L., (2000). Social functioning and emotional regulation in the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder subtypes Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 29:30–42PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mattison R. E., Gadow K. D., Sprafkin J., Nolan E. E., Schneider J., (2003). A DSM-IV-referenced teacher rating scale for use in clinical management Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 42:442–449PubMed Mattison R. E., Gadow K. D., Sprafkin J., Nolan E. E., Schneider J., (2003). A DSM-IV-referenced teacher rating scale for use in clinical management Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 42:442–449PubMed
go back to reference McBurnett K., Pfiffner L. J., Willcutt E., Tamm L., Lerner M., Ottolini Y. L., Furman M. B., (1999). Experimental cross-validation of DSM-IV types of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 38:17–24PubMedCrossRef McBurnett K., Pfiffner L. J., Willcutt E., Tamm L., Lerner M., Ottolini Y. L., Furman M. B., (1999). Experimental cross-validation of DSM-IV types of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 38:17–24PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mitsis E. M., McKay K. E., Schulz K. P., Newcorn J. H., Halperin J. M., (2000). Parent–teacher concordance for DSM-IV attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in a clinic-referred sample Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 39:308–313PubMedCrossRef Mitsis E. M., McKay K. E., Schulz K. P., Newcorn J. H., Halperin J. M., (2000). Parent–teacher concordance for DSM-IV attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in a clinic-referred sample Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 39:308–313PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Morgan A. E., Hynd G. W., Riccio C. A., Hall J., (1996). Validity of DSM-IV ADHD predominantly inattentive and combined types: Relationship to previous DSM diagnoses/subtype differences Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 35:325–333PubMedCrossRef Morgan A. E., Hynd G. W., Riccio C. A., Hall J., (1996). Validity of DSM-IV ADHD predominantly inattentive and combined types: Relationship to previous DSM diagnoses/subtype differences Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 35:325–333PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Nolan E. E., Gadow K. D., Sprafkin J., (2001). Teacher reports of DSM-IV ADHD, ODD, and CD symptoms in schoolchildren Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 40:241–249PubMedCrossRef Nolan E. E., Gadow K. D., Sprafkin J., (2001). Teacher reports of DSM-IV ADHD, ODD, and CD symptoms in schoolchildren Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 40:241–249PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Nolan E. E., Volpe R. J., Gadow K. D., Sprafkin J., (1999). Developmental, gender, and comorbidity differences in clinically referred children with ADHD Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders 7:11–20CrossRef Nolan E. E., Volpe R. J., Gadow K. D., Sprafkin J., (1999). Developmental, gender, and comorbidity differences in clinically referred children with ADHD Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders 7:11–20CrossRef
go back to reference Offord D. R., Boyle M. H., Racine Y., Szatmari P., Fleming J. E., Sanford M., Lipman E. L., (1996). Integrating assessment data from multiple informants Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 35:1078–1085PubMedCrossRef Offord D. R., Boyle M. H., Racine Y., Szatmari P., Fleming J. E., Sanford M., Lipman E. L., (1996). Integrating assessment data from multiple informants Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 35:1078–1085PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pearson D. A., Lachar D., Loveland K. A., Santos C. W., Faria L. P., Azzam P. N., Hentges B. A., Cleveland L. A., (2000). Patterns of behavioral adjustment and maladjustment in mental retardation: Comparison of children with and without ADHD American Journal of Mental Retardation 105:236–251PubMedCrossRef Pearson D. A., Lachar D., Loveland K. A., Santos C. W., Faria L. P., Azzam P. N., Hentges B. A., Cleveland L. A., (2000). Patterns of behavioral adjustment and maladjustment in mental retardation: Comparison of children with and without ADHD American Journal of Mental Retardation 105:236–251PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pearson D. A., Santos C. W., Roache J. D., Casat C. D., Loveland K. A., Lachar D., Lane D. M., Faria L. P., Cleveland L. A., (2003). Treatment effects of methylphenidate on behavioral adjustment in children with mental retardation and ADHD Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 42:209–216PubMedCrossRef Pearson D. A., Santos C. W., Roache J. D., Casat C. D., Loveland K. A., Lachar D., Lane D. M., Faria L. P., Cleveland L. A., (2003). Treatment effects of methylphenidate on behavioral adjustment in children with mental retardation and ADHD Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 42:209–216PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Perry R., (1998). Misdiagnosed ADD/ADHD; rediagnosed PDD Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 37:113–114PubMedCrossRef Perry R., (1998). Misdiagnosed ADD/ADHD; rediagnosed PDD Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 37:113–114PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Piacentini J. C., Cohen P., Cohen J., (1992). Combining discrepant diagnostic information from multiple sources: A re complex algorithms better than simple ones? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 20:51–63PubMedCrossRef Piacentini J. C., Cohen P., Cohen J., (1992). Combining discrepant diagnostic information from multiple sources: A re complex algorithms better than simple ones? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 20:51–63PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Quintana H., Birmaher B., Stedge D., Lennon S., Freed S., Bridge J., Greenhill L., (1995). Use of methylphenidate in the treatment of children with autistic disorder Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 25:283–294PubMedCrossRef Quintana H., Birmaher B., Stedge D., Lennon S., Freed S., Bridge J., Greenhill L., (1995). Use of methylphenidate in the treatment of children with autistic disorder Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 25:283–294PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rapoport J. L., Benoit M., (1975). The relation of direct home observations to the clinic evaluation of hyperactive school age boys Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 16:141–147PubMedCrossRef Rapoport J. L., Benoit M., (1975). The relation of direct home observations to the clinic evaluation of hyperactive school age boys Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 16:141–147PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rescorla L. A., (1986). Preschool psychiatric disorders: Diagnostic classification and symptom patterns Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 25:162–169CrossRef Rescorla L. A., (1986). Preschool psychiatric disorders: Diagnostic classification and symptom patterns Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 25:162–169CrossRef
go back to reference Rutter M., Greenfield D., Lockyer L., (1967). A five to fifteen year follow-up study of Infantile Psychosis: II. Social and behavioral outcome British Journal of Psychiatry 113:1183–1190PubMedCrossRef Rutter M., Greenfield D., Lockyer L., (1967). A five to fifteen year follow-up study of Infantile Psychosis: II. Social and behavioral outcome British Journal of Psychiatry 113:1183–1190PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Simons J. M., (1974). Observations on compulsive behavior in autism Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia 4:1–10PubMedCrossRef Simons J. M., (1974). Observations on compulsive behavior in autism Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia 4:1–10PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Spitzer R. L., Williams J. B., (1988). Having a dream: A research strategy for DSM-IV Archives of General Psychiatry 45:871–874PubMed Spitzer R. L., Williams J. B., (1988). Having a dream: A research strategy for DSM-IV Archives of General Psychiatry 45:871–874PubMed
go back to reference Sprafkin J., Gadow K. D., Salisbury H., Schneider J., Loney J., (2002a). Further evidence of reliability and validity of the Child Symptom Inventory-4: Parent Checklist in clinically referred boys Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology 31:513–524 Sprafkin J., Gadow K. D., Salisbury H., Schneider J., Loney J., (2002a). Further evidence of reliability and validity of the Child Symptom Inventory-4: Parent Checklist in clinically referred boys Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology 31:513–524
go back to reference Sprafkin J., Volpe R. J., Gadow K. D., Nolan E. E., Kelly K., (2002b). A DSM-IV-referenced screening instrument for preschool children: The Early Childhood Inventory-4 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 41:604–612CrossRef Sprafkin J., Volpe R. J., Gadow K. D., Nolan E. E., Kelly K., (2002b). A DSM-IV-referenced screening instrument for preschool children: The Early Childhood Inventory-4 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 41:604–612CrossRef
go back to reference Sverd J., (2003). Psychiatric disorders in individuals with pervasive developmental disorder Journal of Psychiatric Practice 9:111–127PubMedCrossRef Sverd J., (2003). Psychiatric disorders in individuals with pervasive developmental disorder Journal of Psychiatric Practice 9:111–127PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Szatmari P., Bartolucci G., Brenner R., (1989). Asperger’s syndrome and autism: Comparison of early history and outcome Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 31:709–720CrossRef Szatmari P., Bartolucci G., Brenner R., (1989). Asperger’s syndrome and autism: Comparison of early history and outcome Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 31:709–720CrossRef
go back to reference Tsai L. Y., (1996). Brief report: Comorbid psychiatric disorders of autistic disorder Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 26:159–163PubMedCrossRef Tsai L. Y., (1996). Brief report: Comorbid psychiatric disorders of autistic disorder Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 26:159–163PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Volkmar F. R., Klin A., Siegel B., Szatmari P., Lord C., Campbell M., et al. (1994). Field trial for autistic disorder in DSM-IV American Journal of Psychiatry 151:1361–1367PubMed Volkmar F. R., Klin A., Siegel B., Szatmari P., Lord C., Campbell M., et al. (1994). Field trial for autistic disorder in DSM-IV American Journal of Psychiatry 151:1361–1367PubMed
go back to reference Weiler M. D., Bellinger D., Marmor J., Rancier S., Waber D., (1999). Mother and teacher reports of ADHD symptoms: DSM-IV questionnaire data Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 38:1139–1147PubMedCrossRef Weiler M. D., Bellinger D., Marmor J., Rancier S., Waber D., (1999). Mother and teacher reports of ADHD symptoms: DSM-IV questionnaire data Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 38:1139–1147PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Whalen C. K., Collins B. E., Henker B., Alkus S. R., Adams D., Stapp S., (1978). Behavior observations of hyperactive children and methylphenidate (Ritalin) effects in systematically structured classroom environments: Now you see them, now you don’t Journal of Pediatric Psychology 3:177–184CrossRef Whalen C. K., Collins B. E., Henker B., Alkus S. R., Adams D., Stapp S., (1978). Behavior observations of hyperactive children and methylphenidate (Ritalin) effects in systematically structured classroom environments: Now you see them, now you don’t Journal of Pediatric Psychology 3:177–184CrossRef
go back to reference Whalen C. K., Henker B., Collins B. E., Finck D., Dotemoto S., (1979). A social ecology of hyperactive boys: Medication effects in structured classroom environments Journal of Applied Behavioral Analysis 12:65–81CrossRef Whalen C. K., Henker B., Collins B. E., Finck D., Dotemoto S., (1979). A social ecology of hyperactive boys: Medication effects in structured classroom environments Journal of Applied Behavioral Analysis 12:65–81CrossRef
go back to reference Willcutt E. G., Pennington B. F., Chhabildas N. A., Friedman M. C., Alexander J., (1999). Psychiatric comorbidity associated with DSM-IV ADHD in nonreferred sample of twins Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 38:1355–1362PubMedCrossRef Willcutt E. G., Pennington B. F., Chhabildas N. A., Friedman M. C., Alexander J., (1999). Psychiatric comorbidity associated with DSM-IV ADHD in nonreferred sample of twins Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 38:1355–1362PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wolraich M. L., Hannah J. N., Pinnock T. Y., Baumgaertel A., Brown J., (1996). Comparison of diagnostic criteria for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in a county-wide sample Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 35:319–324PubMedCrossRef Wolraich M. L., Hannah J. N., Pinnock T. Y., Baumgaertel A., Brown J., (1996). Comparison of diagnostic criteria for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in a county-wide sample Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 35:319–324PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wozniak J., Biederman J., Faraone S. V., Frazier J., Kim J., Millstein R., Gershon J., Thornell A., Cha K., Snyder J. B., (1997). Mania in children with pervasive developmental disorder revisited Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 36:1552–1559PubMedCrossRef Wozniak J., Biederman J., Faraone S. V., Frazier J., Kim J., Millstein R., Gershon J., Thornell A., Cha K., Snyder J. B., (1997). Mania in children with pervasive developmental disorder revisited Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 36:1552–1559PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
ADHD Symptom Subtypes in Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorder
Auteurs
Kenneth D. Gadow
Carla J. DeVincent
John Pomeroy
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2006
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 2/2006
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-005-0060-3

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2006

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2/2006 Naar de uitgave

EditorialNotes

Editorial Preface

Letter to the Editor

Letter to the Editor