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Gepubliceerd in: Netherlands Heart Journal 9/2017

Open Access 26-04-2017 | Rhythm Puzzle - Answer

Adequate sensing of ventricular fibrillation?

Auteurs: A. W. G. J. Oomen, B. M. van Gelder, F. A. L. E. Bracke

Gepubliceerd in: Netherlands Heart Journal | Uitgave 9/2017

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Answer

The first part of the recording (Fig. 1) shows continuous atrial fibrillation (AF) with biventricular pacing. After a single T‑wave is oversensed (1), the device automatically adjusts the sensitivity based on the amplitude of the preceding sense event [1]. This more sensitive setting leads to detection of AF in the ventricular channel, interpreted as ventricular fibrillation (VF) and abortion of ventricular pacing (2). After approximately 9 s, AF oversensing has stopped spontaneously, biventricular pacing is resumed and VF therapy is aborted (3).
It is important to realise that, in contrast with the RV tip to ring configuration default depicted on the marker channel, this biventricular implantable cardioverter-defibrillator was programmed RV tip to RV coil. AF sensing in the RV lead is proven by the synchronous atrial and ventricular sensing in Fig. 1 (question) and Fig. 1 (answer). Near-field sensing of AF with the ventricular lead is explained by the use of the coil as anodal electrode for pacing and sensing with the proximal part located in the lower right atrium (Fig. 2).
In this case, the key problems were the position of the RV lead and the coil being used as a proximal sensing electrode. Once the device was reprogrammed to tip to ring, the problem was solved. Patient had a good clinical response to biventricular pacing and is doing well.
Although this is a rare phenomenon, the lesson to be learned is that, when we change the sensing vector to an integrated bipolar setting, we must make sure that the coil is well within the right ventricle.

Conflict of interest

B.M. van Gelder provides training and education for St. Jude Medical Nederland B.V., the Netherlands, and is clinical adviser for LivaNova, France. A.W.G.J. Oomen and F.A.L.E. Bracke declare that they have no competing interests.
Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://​creativecommons.​org/​licenses/​by/​4.​0/​), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Adequate sensing of ventricular fibrillation?
Auteurs
A. W. G. J. Oomen
B. M. van Gelder
F. A. L. E. Bracke
Publicatiedatum
26-04-2017
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
Gepubliceerd in
Netherlands Heart Journal / Uitgave 9/2017
Print ISSN: 1568-5888
Elektronisch ISSN: 1876-6250
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12471-017-0996-x