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01-06-2016 | Uitgave 4/2016

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 4/2016

Action Type-Based Factorial Structure of Brief COPE among Hong Kong Chinese

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment > Uitgave 4/2016
Kristen N. S. Tang, Christian S. Chan, Janice Ng, Chun-Hei Yip
Belangrijke opmerkingen
The authors thank Cecilia Cheng, Sing-hang Cheung, and the anonymous referees for their helpful comments on earlier versions of this paper.


Brief COPE (Carver in International journal of Behavioral Medicine, 4(1), 92–100, 1997) is a multidimensional scale that measures situational and dispositional coping responses. This study evaluated its factor structure and psychometric properties using two Hong Kong college samples (Sample 1; n = 204 & Sample 2; n = 221). Results of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicated that an eleven-factor model, based on action goals (Skinner et al. in Psychological Bulletin, 129(2), 216, 2003), demonstrated a good fit across the two samples. The eleven-factor model fit the data better than five alternative models. We also validated a Traditional Chinese translation of the scale. Multiple-groups CFAs indicated partial scalar invariance across the English and Chinese versions in Hong Kong participants. Nonetheless, convergent validity was supported by the associations between the scores of some, but not all, of the dimensions and related psychological constructs, including psychological distress, optimism, and locus of control. Such associations might help differentiate conceptually distinct coping dimensions. Likewise, our results provided support for the reliability of some, but not all, of the subscale scores. In sum, our results support the multidimensionality of Brief COPE and the use of some of the measure’s factors and subscales. Moreover, Brief COPE and its translated version demonstrated acceptable psychometric properties in Hong Kong Chinese.

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