Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 1/2017

26-12-2015 | Original Article

Action or attention in social inhibition of return?

Auteurs: Silviya P. Doneva, Mark A. Atkinson, Paul A. Skarratt, Geoff G. Cole

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 1/2017

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

When two individuals alternate reaching responses to targets located in a visual display, reaction times are longer when responses are directed to where the co-actor just responded. Although an abundance of work has examined the many characteristics of this phenomenon it is not yet known why the effect occurs. In particular, some authors have argued that action representation mechanisms are central to the effect. However, here we present evidence in support of an account in which the representation of action is not necessary. First, the basic effect occurs even when participants cannot see their co-actor’s movement but, importantly, have their attention shifted to a target side via an attentional cue. Second, its time course is too short-lasting to function effectively as a component of action planning. Finally, unlike other joint action phenomena, the effect is not modulated by higher order mechanisms concerned with the personal attributes of a co-actor. Taken together, these results suggest that this particular joint action phenomenon is due to attentional rather than action mechanisms.
Voetnoten
1
Debate surrounds the degree to which IOR is due to inhibition of attention as opposed to motor processes. However, most authors agree that an initial shift of attention occurs in order to induce IOR.
 
2
There is clearly an inherent difficulty in manipulating and operationalising (i.e., acting out) what is essentially a personality variable. We therefore based this aspect of our procedure on Hommel et al. (2009) who partly manipulated positive/negative interaction via a number of set phrases.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Andersen, S. M., & Chen, S. (2002). The relational self: An interpersonal social-cognitive theory. Psychological Review, 109, 619–645. CrossRefPubMed Andersen, S. M., & Chen, S. (2002). The relational self: An interpersonal social-cognitive theory. Psychological Review, 109, 619–645. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Aron, A., Aron, E. N., Tudor, M., & Nelson, G. (1991). Close relationships as including other in the self. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 241–253. CrossRef Aron, A., Aron, E. N., Tudor, M., & Nelson, G. (1991). Close relationships as including other in the self. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 241–253. CrossRef
go back to reference Atkinson, M. A., Simpson, A., Skarratt, P. A., & Cole, G. G. (2014). Is social inhibition of return due to action co-representation? Acta Psychologica, 150(14), 85–93. CrossRefPubMed Atkinson, M. A., Simpson, A., Skarratt, P. A., & Cole, G. G. (2014). Is social inhibition of return due to action co-representation? Acta Psychologica, 150(14), 85–93. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Atmaca, S., Sebanz, N., Prinz, W., & Knoblich, G. (2008). Action co-representation: The joint SNARC effect. Social Neuroscience, 3, 410–420. CrossRefPubMed Atmaca, S., Sebanz, N., Prinz, W., & Knoblich, G. (2008). Action co-representation: The joint SNARC effect. Social Neuroscience, 3, 410–420. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Böckler, A., Knoblich, G., & Sebanz, N. (2012). Effects of a coactor’s focus of attention on task performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 38(6), 1404–1415. PubMed Böckler, A., Knoblich, G., & Sebanz, N. (2012). Effects of a coactor’s focus of attention on task performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 38(6), 1404–1415. PubMed
go back to reference Brass, M., Bekkering, H., & Prinz, W. (2001). Movement observation affects movement execution in a simple response task. Acta Psychologica, 106(1–2), 3–22. CrossRefPubMed Brass, M., Bekkering, H., & Prinz, W. (2001). Movement observation affects movement execution in a simple response task. Acta Psychologica, 106(1–2), 3–22. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cole, G. G., & Kuhn, G. (2009). Appearance matters: Attentional orienting by new objects in the precuing paradigm. Visual Cognition, 17, 755–776. CrossRef Cole, G. G., & Kuhn, G. (2009). Appearance matters: Attentional orienting by new objects in the precuing paradigm. Visual Cognition, 17, 755–776. CrossRef
go back to reference Cole, G. G., & Kuhn, G. (2010). What the experimenter’s prime tells the observer’s brain. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 72, 1367–1376. CrossRef Cole, G. G., & Kuhn, G. (2010). What the experimenter’s prime tells the observer’s brain. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 72, 1367–1376. CrossRef
go back to reference Cole, G., Skarratt, P., & Billing, R. (2012). Do action goals mediate social inhibition of return? Psychological Research, 76(6), 736–746. CrossRefPubMed Cole, G., Skarratt, P., & Billing, R. (2012). Do action goals mediate social inhibition of return? Psychological Research, 76(6), 736–746. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cole, G.G., Smith, D.T. & Atkinson, M.A. (2015). Mental state attribution and the gaze cueing effect. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 77(4), 1105–1115. Cole, G.G., Smith, D.T. & Atkinson, M.A. (2015). Mental state attribution and the gaze cueing effect. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 77(4), 1105–1115.
go back to reference Dolk, T., Hommel, B., Colzato, L. S., Schütz-Bosbach, S., Prinz, W., & Liepelt, R. (2014). The joint Simon effect: A review and theoretical integration. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 974. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Dolk, T., Hommel, B., Colzato, L. S., Schütz-Bosbach, S., Prinz, W., & Liepelt, R. (2014). The joint Simon effect: A review and theoretical integration. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 974. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Dolk, T., Hommel, B., Prinz, W., & Liepelt, R. (2013). The (not so) social Simon effect: A referential coding account. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 39(5), 1248–1260. Dolk, T., Hommel, B., Prinz, W., & Liepelt, R. (2013). The (not so) social Simon effect: A referential coding account. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 39(5), 1248–1260.
go back to reference Eskritt, M., Donald, M., & Muir, D. (1998). Delayed imitation of complex behavioural sequences by 14- to 16-month olds. Early Development and Parenting, 7(4), 171–180. CrossRef Eskritt, M., Donald, M., & Muir, D. (1998). Delayed imitation of complex behavioural sequences by 14- to 16-month olds. Early Development and Parenting, 7(4), 171–180. CrossRef
go back to reference Frischen, A., Loach, D., & Tipper, S. (2009). Seeing the world through another person’s eyes: Simulating selective attention via action observation. Cognition, 111(2), 212–218. CrossRefPubMed Frischen, A., Loach, D., & Tipper, S. (2009). Seeing the world through another person’s eyes: Simulating selective attention via action observation. Cognition, 111(2), 212–218. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Galantucci, B., & Sebanz, N. (2009). Joint action: Current perspectives. Topics in Cognitive Science, 1, 255–259. CrossRefPubMed Galantucci, B., & Sebanz, N. (2009). Joint action: Current perspectives. Topics in Cognitive Science, 1, 255–259. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gangitano, M., Mottaghy, F. M., & Pascual-Leone, A. (2004). Modulation of premotor mirror neuron activity during observation of unpredictable grasping movements. European Journal of Neuroscience, 20, 2193–2202. CrossRefPubMed Gangitano, M., Mottaghy, F. M., & Pascual-Leone, A. (2004). Modulation of premotor mirror neuron activity during observation of unpredictable grasping movements. European Journal of Neuroscience, 20, 2193–2202. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gazzola, V. V., Rizzolatti, G. G., Wicker, B. B., & Keysers, C. C. (2007). The anthropomorphic brain: The mirror neuron system responds to human and robotic actions. Neuroimage, 35(4), 1674–1684. CrossRefPubMed Gazzola, V. V., Rizzolatti, G. G., Wicker, B. B., & Keysers, C. C. (2007). The anthropomorphic brain: The mirror neuron system responds to human and robotic actions. Neuroimage, 35(4), 1674–1684. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hayes, S. J., Hansen, S., & Elliott, D. (2010). Between-person effects on attention and action: Joe and Fred revisited. Psychological Research, 74(3), 302–312. CrossRefPubMed Hayes, S. J., Hansen, S., & Elliott, D. (2010). Between-person effects on attention and action: Joe and Fred revisited. Psychological Research, 74(3), 302–312. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Heider, F. (1958). The psychology of interpersonal relations. New York: Wiley. CrossRef Heider, F. (1958). The psychology of interpersonal relations. New York: Wiley. CrossRef
go back to reference Hommel, B. (1996). S-R compatibility effects without response uncertainty. The Quarterly Journal Of Experimental Psychology: Section A, 49(3), 546–571. CrossRef Hommel, B. (1996). S-R compatibility effects without response uncertainty. The Quarterly Journal Of Experimental Psychology: Section A, 49(3), 546–571. CrossRef
go back to reference Hommel, B., Colzato, L. S., & van den Wildenberg, W. P. M. (2009). How social are task representations? Psychological Science, 20, 794–798. CrossRefPubMed Hommel, B., Colzato, L. S., & van den Wildenberg, W. P. M. (2009). How social are task representations? Psychological Science, 20, 794–798. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hommel, B., Musseler, J., Ascherschleben, G., & Prinz, W. (2001a). The theory of event coding (TEC): A framework for perception and action planning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24, 849–937. CrossRefPubMed Hommel, B., Musseler, J., Ascherschleben, G., & Prinz, W. (2001a). The theory of event coding (TEC): A framework for perception and action planning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24, 849–937. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hommel, B., Pratt, J., Colzato, L., & Godjin, R. (2001b). Symbolic control of visual attention. Psychological Science, 12, 360–365. CrossRefPubMed Hommel, B., Pratt, J., Colzato, L., & Godjin, R. (2001b). Symbolic control of visual attention. Psychological Science, 12, 360–365. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kilner, J., Paulignan, Y., & Blakemore, S. (2003). An interference effect of observed biological movement on action. Current Biology, 13(6), 522–525. CrossRefPubMed Kilner, J., Paulignan, Y., & Blakemore, S. (2003). An interference effect of observed biological movement on action. Current Biology, 13(6), 522–525. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Klein, R. M., & MacInnes, J. (1999). Inhibition of return is a foraging facilitator in visual search. Psychological Science, 10, 346–352. CrossRef Klein, R. M., & MacInnes, J. (1999). Inhibition of return is a foraging facilitator in visual search. Psychological Science, 10, 346–352. CrossRef
go back to reference Krüger, B., Bischoff, M., Blecker, C., Langhanns, C., Kindermann, S., Sauerbier, I., & Pilgramm, S. (2014). Parietal and premotor cortices: Activation reflects imitation accuracy during observation, delayed imitation and concurrent imitation. Neuroimage, 100, 39–50. CrossRefPubMed Krüger, B., Bischoff, M., Blecker, C., Langhanns, C., Kindermann, S., Sauerbier, I., & Pilgramm, S. (2014). Parietal and premotor cortices: Activation reflects imitation accuracy during observation, delayed imitation and concurrent imitation. Neuroimage, 100, 39–50. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kuhbandner, C., Pekrun, R., & Maier, M. A. (2010). The role of positive and negative affect in the ‘mirroring’ of other persons’ actions. Cognition and Emotion, 24(7), 1182–1190. CrossRef Kuhbandner, C., Pekrun, R., & Maier, M. A. (2010). The role of positive and negative affect in the ‘mirroring’ of other persons’ actions. Cognition and Emotion, 24(7), 1182–1190. CrossRef
go back to reference Lestou, V., Pollick, F., & Kourtzi, Z. (2008). Neural substrates for action understanding at different description levels in the human brain. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20(2), 324–341. CrossRefPubMed Lestou, V., Pollick, F., & Kourtzi, Z. (2008). Neural substrates for action understanding at different description levels in the human brain. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20(2), 324–341. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Liepelt, R., Cramon, D., & Brass, M. (2008). What is matched in direct matching? Intention attribution modulates motor priming. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 34(3), 578–591. PubMed Liepelt, R., Cramon, D., & Brass, M. (2008). What is matched in direct matching? Intention attribution modulates motor priming. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 34(3), 578–591. PubMed
go back to reference Meltzoff, A. N., & Moore, M. K. (1994). Imitation, memory, and the representation of persons. Infant Behavior & Development, 17, 83–99. CrossRef Meltzoff, A. N., & Moore, M. K. (1994). Imitation, memory, and the representation of persons. Infant Behavior & Development, 17, 83–99. CrossRef
go back to reference Obhi, S., & Sebanz, N. (2011). Moving together: Toward understanding the mechanisms of joint action. Experimental Brain Research, 211(3–4), 329–336. CrossRefPubMed Obhi, S., & Sebanz, N. (2011). Moving together: Toward understanding the mechanisms of joint action. Experimental Brain Research, 211(3–4), 329–336. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ondobaka, S., de Lange, F. P., Newman-Norlund, R. D., Wiemers, M., & Bekkering, H. (2012). Interplay between action and movement intentions during social interaction. Psychological Science, 23(1), 30–35. CrossRefPubMed Ondobaka, S., de Lange, F. P., Newman-Norlund, R. D., Wiemers, M., & Bekkering, H. (2012). Interplay between action and movement intentions during social interaction. Psychological Science, 23(1), 30–35. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ondobaka, S., Newman-Norlund, R. D., de Lange, F. P., & Bekkering, H. (2013). Action recognition depends on observer’s level of action control and social personality traits. PLoS One, 8(11), e81392. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Ondobaka, S., Newman-Norlund, R. D., de Lange, F. P., & Bekkering, H. (2013). Action recognition depends on observer’s level of action control and social personality traits. PLoS One, 8(11), e81392. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Paukner, A., Ferrari, P., & Suomi, S. (2011). Delayed imitation of lipsmacking gestures by infant rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta). PLoS One, 6(12), e28848. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Paukner, A., Ferrari, P., & Suomi, S. (2011). Delayed imitation of lipsmacking gestures by infant rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta). PLoS One, 6(12), e28848. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Paulus, M., & Moore, C. (2011). Whom to ask for help? Children’s developing understanding of other people’s action capabilities. Experimental Brain Research, 211, 593–600. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Paulus, M., & Moore, C. (2011). Whom to ask for help? Children’s developing understanding of other people’s action capabilities. Experimental Brain Research, 211, 593–600. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Posner, M. I., & Cohen, Y. (1984). Components of visual orienting. In H. Bouma & D. Bouwhuis (Eds.), Attention and performance (Vol. X, pp. 531–554). London: Lawrence Erlbaum. Posner, M. I., & Cohen, Y. (1984). Components of visual orienting. In H. Bouma & D. Bouwhuis (Eds.), Attention and performance (Vol. X, pp. 531–554). London: Lawrence Erlbaum.
go back to reference Rafal, R. D., Calabresi, P. A., Brennan, C. W., & Sciolto, T. K. (1989). Saccade preparation inhibits reorienting to recently attended locations. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 15(4), 673–685. PubMed Rafal, R. D., Calabresi, P. A., Brennan, C. W., & Sciolto, T. K. (1989). Saccade preparation inhibits reorienting to recently attended locations. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 15(4), 673–685. PubMed
go back to reference Reid, C., Wong, L., Pratt, J., Morgan, C., & Welsh, T. N. (2013). IOR effects in a social free-choice task. Journal of Motor Behavior, 45(4), 307–311. CrossRefPubMed Reid, C., Wong, L., Pratt, J., Morgan, C., & Welsh, T. N. (2013). IOR effects in a social free-choice task. Journal of Motor Behavior, 45(4), 307–311. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Rizzolatti, G., & Craighero, L. (2004). The mirror neuron system. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 27, 169–192. CrossRefPubMed Rizzolatti, G., & Craighero, L. (2004). The mirror neuron system. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 27, 169–192. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Rogers, S. J., Young, G. S., Cook, I., Giolzetti, A., & Ozonoff, S. (2008). Deferred and immediate imitation in regressive and early onset autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 9, 449–457. CrossRef Rogers, S. J., Young, G. S., Cook, I., Giolzetti, A., & Ozonoff, S. (2008). Deferred and immediate imitation in regressive and early onset autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 9, 449–457. CrossRef
go back to reference Sebanz, N., Bekkering, H., & Knoblich, G. (2006). Joint action: Bodies and minds moving together. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 10(2), 70–76. CrossRefPubMed Sebanz, N., Bekkering, H., & Knoblich, G. (2006). Joint action: Bodies and minds moving together. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 10(2), 70–76. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Sebanz, N., & Knoblich, G. (2009). Prediction in joint action: What, when, and where. Topics in Cognitive Science, 1(2), 353–367. CrossRefPubMed Sebanz, N., & Knoblich, G. (2009). Prediction in joint action: What, when, and where. Topics in Cognitive Science, 1(2), 353–367. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Sebanz, N., Knoblich, G., & Prinz, W. (2003). Representing others’ actions: Just like one’s own? Cognition, 88, B11–B21. CrossRefPubMed Sebanz, N., Knoblich, G., & Prinz, W. (2003). Representing others’ actions: Just like one’s own? Cognition, 88, B11–B21. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Simon, J. R., & Rudell, A. P. (1967). Auditory S-R compatibility: The effect of an irrelevant cue on information processing. Journal of Applied Psychology, 51, 300–304. CrossRefPubMed Simon, J. R., & Rudell, A. P. (1967). Auditory S-R compatibility: The effect of an irrelevant cue on information processing. Journal of Applied Psychology, 51, 300–304. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Skarratt, P. A., Cole, G. G., & Kingstone, A. (2010). Social inhibition of return. Acta Psychologica, 134(1), 48–54. CrossRefPubMed Skarratt, P. A., Cole, G. G., & Kingstone, A. (2010). Social inhibition of return. Acta Psychologica, 134(1), 48–54. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Skarratt, P. A., Cole, G. G., & Kuhn, G. (2012). Visual cognition during real social interaction. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, 1–9. CrossRef Skarratt, P. A., Cole, G. G., & Kuhn, G. (2012). Visual cognition during real social interaction. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, 1–9. CrossRef
go back to reference Taylor, T. L., & Klein, R. M. (2000). Visual and motor effects in inhibition of return. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 26, 1639–1656. PubMed Taylor, T. L., & Klein, R. M. (2000). Visual and motor effects in inhibition of return. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 26, 1639–1656. PubMed
go back to reference Tversky, B., & Hard, B. M. (2009). Embodied and disembodied cognition: Spatial perspective-taking. Cognition, 110, 124–129. CrossRefPubMed Tversky, B., & Hard, B. M. (2009). Embodied and disembodied cognition: Spatial perspective-taking. Cognition, 110, 124–129. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Vesper, C., van der Wel, R. P. R. D., Sebanz, N., & Knoblich, G. (2011). Making oneself predictable: Reduced temporal variability facilitates joint action coordination. Experimental Brain Research, 211, 517–530. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Vesper, C., van der Wel, R. P. R. D., Sebanz, N., & Knoblich, G. (2011). Making oneself predictable: Reduced temporal variability facilitates joint action coordination. Experimental Brain Research, 211, 517–530. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Weger, U., Abrams, R., Law, M., & Pratt, J. (2008). Attending to objects: Endogenous cues can produce inhibition of return. Visual Cognition, 16(5), 659–674. CrossRef Weger, U., Abrams, R., Law, M., & Pratt, J. (2008). Attending to objects: Endogenous cues can produce inhibition of return. Visual Cognition, 16(5), 659–674. CrossRef
go back to reference Welsh, T. N., Elliot, D., Anson, J. G., Dhillon, V., Weeks, D. J., Lyons, J. L., & Chua, R. (2005). Does Joe influence Freds actions? Inhibition of return across different nervous systems. Neuroscience Letters, 385, 99–104. CrossRefPubMed Welsh, T. N., Elliot, D., Anson, J. G., Dhillon, V., Weeks, D. J., Lyons, J. L., & Chua, R. (2005). Does Joe influence Freds actions? Inhibition of return across different nervous systems. Neuroscience Letters, 385, 99–104. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Welsh, T. N., Lyons, J., Weeks, D. J., Anson, J. G., Chua, R., Mendoza, J., & Elliott, D. (2007). Within- and between-person inhibition of return: Observation is as good as performance. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14, 950–956. CrossRef Welsh, T. N., Lyons, J., Weeks, D. J., Anson, J. G., Chua, R., Mendoza, J., & Elliott, D. (2007). Within- and between-person inhibition of return: Observation is as good as performance. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14, 950–956. CrossRef
go back to reference Welsh, T. N., Manzone, J., & McDougall, L. (2014). Knowledge of response location alone is not sufficient to generate social inhibition of return. Acta Psychologica, 153(1), 153–159. CrossRefPubMed Welsh, T. N., Manzone, J., & McDougall, L. (2014). Knowledge of response location alone is not sufficient to generate social inhibition of return. Acta Psychologica, 153(1), 153–159. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Welsh, T. N., McDougall, L. M., & Weeks, D. J. (2009a). The performance and observation of action shape future behaviour. Brain and Cognition, 71, 64–71. CrossRefPubMed Welsh, T. N., McDougall, L. M., & Weeks, D. J. (2009a). The performance and observation of action shape future behaviour. Brain and Cognition, 71, 64–71. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Welsh, T. N., Ray, M. C., Weeks, D. J., Dewey, D., & Elliott, D. (2009b). Does Joe influence Fred’s action? Not if Fred has autism spectrum disorder. Brain Research, 1248, 141–148. CrossRefPubMed Welsh, T. N., Ray, M. C., Weeks, D. J., Dewey, D., & Elliott, D. (2009b). Does Joe influence Fred’s action? Not if Fred has autism spectrum disorder. Brain Research, 1248, 141–148. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Action or attention in social inhibition of return?
Auteurs
Silviya P. Doneva
Mark A. Atkinson
Paul A. Skarratt
Geoff G. Cole
Publicatiedatum
26-12-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 1/2017
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-015-0738-x

Andere artikelen Uitgave 1/2017

Psychological Research 1/2017 Naar de uitgave