Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 5/2021

Open Access 14-07-2020 | Original Article

Acquisition of landmark, route, and survey knowledge in a wayfinding task: in stages or in parallel?

Auteurs: Kyungwan Kim, Otmar Bock

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 5/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

According to an influential concept, humans acquire spatial knowledge about their environment in three distinct stages: landmark knowledge is acquired first, then route knowledge, and finally survey knowledge. The stage concept has been challenged by studies which observed that in a wayfinding paradigm, route, and survey knowledge emerge at the same time and; therefore, were seemingly acquired in parallel. However, this experimental evidence is not conclusive because the above studies suffered from a ceiling effect. The present study was designed to overcome the ceiling effect by increasing the complexity of the wayfinding task. We asked 60 young participants to find their way through an urban environment rendered in virtual reality, and assessed their landmark, route, and survey knowledge after each of ten trials. We found that all three types of knowledge gradually increased from the first to the last trial. We further found that correlations between the three types of knowledge increased from trial to trial. This outcome disagrees profoundly with the stage concept, but is compatible with the parallel concept. Specifically, it is in accordance with the view that landmark, route, and survey knowledge are acquired by multiple overlapping and interacting processes: those processes may start out more or less independently in the first trial but, due to common constraints or synergies, may gradually increase their cooperation during subsequent trials.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Literatuur
go back to reference Gärling, T., Böök, A., Lindberg, E., & Nilsson, T. (1981). Memory for the spatial layout of the everyday physical environment: factors affecting rate of acquisition. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 1(4), 263–277. CrossRef Gärling, T., Böök, A., Lindberg, E., & Nilsson, T. (1981). Memory for the spatial layout of the everyday physical environment: factors affecting rate of acquisition. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 1(4), 263–277. CrossRef
go back to reference Loehlin, J., & Beaujean, A. (2016). Latent variable models. New York: Routledge. https://​doi.​org/​10.​4324/​9781315643199.​ Loehlin, J., & Beaujean, A. (2016). Latent variable models. New York: Routledge. https://​doi.​org/​10.​4324/​9781315643199.​
go back to reference Lynch, K. (1960). The image of the city. Cambridge: MIT Press. Lynch, K. (1960). The image of the city. Cambridge: MIT Press.
go back to reference Montello, D. R. (1998). A new framework for understanding the acquisition of spatial knowledge in large-scale environments. In M. Egenhofer & R. Golledge (Eds.), Spatial and temporal reasoning in geographic information systems (pp. 143–154). New York: Oxford University Press. Montello, D. R. (1998). A new framework for understanding the acquisition of spatial knowledge in large-scale environments. In M. Egenhofer & R. Golledge (Eds.), Spatial and temporal reasoning in geographic information systems (pp. 143–154). New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference O´Keefe, J., & Nadel, L. (1978). The hippocampus as a cognitive map. Oxford: Oxford University Press. O´Keefe, J., & Nadel, L. (1978). The hippocampus as a cognitive map. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Rand, G. (1969). Some copernican views of the city. Architectural Forum, 132, 77–81. Rand, G. (1969). Some copernican views of the city. Architectural Forum, 132, 77–81.
Metagegevens
Titel
Acquisition of landmark, route, and survey knowledge in a wayfinding task: in stages or in parallel?
Auteurs
Kyungwan Kim
Otmar Bock
Publicatiedatum
14-07-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 5/2021
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-020-01384-3