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Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 9/2018

17-05-2018

A tale of two countries: comparing disability weights for gambling problems in New Zealand and Australia

Auteurs: Vijay Rawat, Matthew Browne, Maria Bellringer, Nancy Greer, Komathi Kolandai-Matchett, Matthew Rockloff, Erika Langham, Christine Hanley, Katie Palmer Du Preez, Max Abbott

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 9/2018

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to assess the impact of gambling problems on quality of life. Specifically, we generated disability weight estimates for gambling problems in New Zealand, and compared these results with (i) Australian figures (J Gambl Issues, 10.4309/jgi.v0i36.3978, 2017) and (ii) other health states (Lancet, 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61680-8, 2013); such as anxiety and alcohol use disorders.

Method

The 324 participants (48 experts and 276 general population members) evaluated a series of gambling harm vignettes. The participants rated the decrement to one’s quality of life using Visual Analogue Scale and Time Trade-Off protocols (Br Med Bull, 10.1093/bmb/ldq033, 2010). These evaluations enabled the calculation of disability weights for three categories of gamblers (low-risk, moderate-risk, and problem gamblers).

Results

Disability weight estimates for low-risk, moderate-risk, and problem gamblers in NZ were consistently higher than the Australian weights: low (0.18 vs. 0.13), moderate (0.37 vs. 0.29), and problem (0.54 vs. 0.44). The quality of life impact for problem gambling in NZ (0.54) was comparable to that experienced in severe alcohol use disorder (0.55) (Lancet, 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61680-8, 2013).

Conclusions

This study represents one of the first attempts to assess gambling-related harm through a public health perspective. The results of this study are informative for policy-making, resource allocation, and service planning. These estimates now allow for the population-level impact of gambling in NZ to be calculated and tracked over time, which is essential for informing harm-minimisation initiatives.
Voetnoten
1
See Browne et al. [13] for an illustration of the VAS and TTO tasks.
 
2
All Australian comparative data were sourced from Browne et al. [13].
 
Literatuur
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Metagegevens
Titel
A tale of two countries: comparing disability weights for gambling problems in New Zealand and Australia
Auteurs
Vijay Rawat
Matthew Browne
Maria Bellringer
Nancy Greer
Komathi Kolandai-Matchett
Matthew Rockloff
Erika Langham
Christine Hanley
Katie Palmer Du Preez
Max Abbott
Publicatiedatum
17-05-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 9/2018
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-018-1882-8

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