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18-07-2018 | REVIEW | Uitgave 4/2019 Open Access

Mindfulness 4/2019

A Systematic Review of Mindfulness-Based School Interventions with Early Adolescents

Mindfulness > Uitgave 4/2019
Phillipa McKeering, Yoon-Suk Hwang


Recent research on mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in schools have reported effect differences across age groups of students, with early adolescent students reporting the least effect. Existing reviews, however, include students across all age ranges and largely concern intervention effects and their contributors. The exclusion of qualitative data exploring students’ experiences of learning and practising mindfulness omits valuable information that could be used to better inform implementation of MBIs. The lack of quality critique employed in the existing reviews necessitates a new review. A search carried out in nine electronic databases resulted in an initial selection of 1571 records, from which 13 papers emerged that met all inclusion criteria. The review found positive improvements reported in well-being measures in 11 of the 13 papers examined across both quantitative and qualitative data that provide support for mindfulness as a well-being school preventative program with this age group. A quality analysis critique of each paper demonstrated methodological strengths and limitations of existing MBI studies for early adolescent students, which inform ongoing conversations about whether and how MBIs meet the criteria of evidence-based practice (EBP) as an effective educational program. Findings are discussed for future research and education considerations are reviewed for educational professionals who aim to support early adolescents through the implementation of MBIs at school.

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