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Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 4/2015

01-08-2015 | Substantive/Theoretical Review

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Anxiety in Youth with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders

Auteurs: Danielle Ung, Robert Selles, Brent J. Small, Eric A. Storch

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 4/2015

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Abstract

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been developed and modified to treat anxiety symptoms in youth with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders (ASD) but has yielded varying findings. The present report is a systematic review and meta-analysis examining the efficacy of CBT for anxiety among youth with ASD. A systematic search identified 14 studies involving 511 youth with high-functioning ASD. A random effects meta-analysis yielded a statistically significant pooled treatment effect size (g) estimate for CBT (g = −0.71, p < .001) with significant heterogeneity [Q (13) = 102.27, p < .001]. Removal of a study outlier yielded a statistically significant pooled treatment effect size, (g = −0.47, p < .001). Anxiety informant and treatment modality were not statistically significant moderators of treatment response. Findings suggest that CBT demonstrates robust efficacy in reducing anxiety symptoms in youth with high-functioning ASD.

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Voetnoten
1
Autism Spectrum Disorder diagnoses and anxiety diagnoses were based upon the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th, edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Anxiety in Youth with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders
Auteurs
Danielle Ung
Robert Selles
Brent J. Small
Eric A. Storch
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 4/2015
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-014-0494-y