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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 7/2017

17-05-2017 | Original Paper

A Screening Tool to Measure Eye Contact Avoidance in Boys with Fragile X Syndrome

Auteurs: Scott S. Hall, Kaitlin M. Venema

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 7/2017

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Abstract

We examined the reliability, validity and factor structure of the Eye Contact Avoidance Scale (ECAS), a new 15-item screening tool designed to measure eye contact avoidance in individuals with fragile X syndrome (FXS). Internal consistency of the scale was acceptable to excellent and convergent validity with the Social Responsiveness Scale, Second Edition (SRS-2) and the Anxiety, Depression, and Mood Scale (ADAMS) was good. Boys with a comorbid ASD diagnosis obtained significantly higher scores on the ECAS compared to boys without ASD, when controlling for communication ability. A confirmatory factor analysis indicated that a two-factor model (avoidance and aversion) provided an excellent fit to the data. The ECAS appears to be a promising reliable and valid tool that could be employed as an outcome measure in future pharmacological/behavioral treatment trials for FXS.
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Metagegevens
Titel
A Screening Tool to Measure Eye Contact Avoidance in Boys with Fragile X Syndrome
Auteurs
Scott S. Hall
Kaitlin M. Venema
Publicatiedatum
17-05-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 7/2017
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-017-3139-8