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26-11-2020 | REVIEW

A Scoping Review of Self-compassion in Qualitative Studies About Children’s Experiences of Parental Mental Illness

Auteurs: Addy J. Dunkley-Smith, Jade A. Sheen, Mathew Ling, Andrea E. Reupert

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 4/2021

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Abstract

Objectives

Children of parents with mental illness have higher rates of social and emotional difficulties compared to their peers. One factor associated with lower psychological distress and higher well-being is self-compassion. However, the concept of self-compassion has not been explored in the population of children of parents with mental illness. Self-compassion is an attitude toward oneself. It involves non-judgemental openness to one’s own suffering, accompanied by a sense of common humanity and a motivation to alleviate one’s own suffering with kindness. This review scoped qualitative literature regarding children and adult children of parents with mental illness concerning their experiences related to self-compassion.

Methods

This review employed a scoping method to examine the presence of self-compassion in the qualitative literature pertaining to children of parents with mental illness. Peer-reviewed articles published in English after 1990 were eligible. Only those reporting children’s experiences which contained concepts of self-compassion were included. Directed content analysis was employed to characterise self-compassion.

Results

Twenty-seven studies were identified, from 10 countries involving 374 children (6–78 years old, approximately 32% male, 68% female). Although examples of self-compassion were described (kind self-talk, acknowledging difficult emotions and sharing experiences in peer support groups), participants typically described experiences which directly opposed self-compassion. Children of all ages reported being isolated by their experience, ignoring their emotions and engaging in self-judgement and self-blame.

Conclusions

Results indicate the presence of barriers and facilitators of self-compassion for children of parents with mental illness. Implications for clinical practice and suggestions for future research are presented.
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Literatuur
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Metagegevens
Titel
A Scoping Review of Self-compassion in Qualitative Studies About Children’s Experiences of Parental Mental Illness
Auteurs
Addy J. Dunkley-Smith
Jade A. Sheen
Mathew Ling
Andrea E. Reupert
Publicatiedatum
26-11-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 4/2021
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-020-01560-x

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