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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 1/2019

22-05-2018 | ORIGINAL PAPER

A Randomized Controlled Study of Writing Interventions on College Women’s Positive Body Image

Auteurs: Kathryn Schaefer Ziemer, Brooke R. Lamphere, Trisha L. Raque-Bogdan, Christa K. Schmidt

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 1/2019

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Abstract

College women are at risk for body dissatisfaction, but enhancing the positive aspects of body image can serve as a protective factor. Self-compassion has been associated with body appreciation and may protect against negative body image. This study tested the effect of a self-compassion writing intervention on positive body image and affect and explored self-compassion as a mediator between writing group and positive body image. We used a randomized controlled design to compare self-compassion writing (n = 51), traditional expressive writing (n = 50), and control writing (n = 51) interventions in college women. Participants were mostly European-American (82%) with a mean age of 19. Participants wrote online for 20 min once a week for three consecutive weeks. Results indicated that negative and positive affect decreased for all three groups. There were no differences between groups on positive body image or affect; however, the self-compassion writing group reported greater increases in self-compassion (F = 3.48, p < 0.05, ηp2 = 0.05). Moreover, mediator models revealed that the effect of group (self-compassion vs. traditional/control writing) on body appreciation and body image quality of life was mediated by self-compassion. Overall, the findings indicate that self-compassion writing increased self-compassion, and greater increases in self-compassion were associated with greater increases in positive body image and positive affect.
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Metagegevens
Titel
A Randomized Controlled Study of Writing Interventions on College Women’s Positive Body Image
Auteurs
Kathryn Schaefer Ziemer
Brooke R. Lamphere
Trisha L. Raque-Bogdan
Christa K. Schmidt
Publicatiedatum
22-05-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 1/2019
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-018-0947-7

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