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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2015

08-05-2015 | Original Paper

A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparison Between Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) and Adult-Driven Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Intervention on Disruptive Behaviors in Public School Children with Autism

Auteurs: Fereshteh Mohammadzaheri, Lynn Kern Koegel, Mohammad Rezaei, Enayatolah Bakhshi

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 9/2015

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Abstract

Children with autism often demonstrate disruptive behaviors during demanding teaching tasks. Language intervention can be particularly difficult as it involves social and communicative areas, which are challenging for this population. The purpose of this study was to compare two intervention conditions, a naturalistic approach, Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) with an adult-directed ABA approach on disruptive behavior during language intervention in the public schools. A randomized clinical trial design was used with two groups of children, matched according to age, sex and mean length of utterance. The data showed that the children demonstrated significantly lower levels of disruptive behavior during the PRT condition. The results are discussed with respect to antecedent manipulations that may be helpful in reducing disruptive behavior.
Voetnoten
1
The assumption of equal variances here is well founded given the randomized nature of the study. However, a t test relaxing this assumption was also performed with no difference in the statistical significance of any of the findings.
 
2
We have chosen to report only the results of the paired dependent t test because they are the most easily accessible finding, and because they are consistent with all the other findings. The results of the other analyses are available from the authors by request.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparison Between Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) and Adult-Driven Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Intervention on Disruptive Behaviors in Public School Children with Autism
Auteurs
Fereshteh Mohammadzaheri
Lynn Kern Koegel
Mohammad Rezaei
Enayatolah Bakhshi
Publicatiedatum
08-05-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 9/2015
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2451-4