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08-05-2015 | Original Paper | Uitgave 9/2015

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2015

A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparison Between Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) and Adult-Driven Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Intervention on Disruptive Behaviors in Public School Children with Autism

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 9/2015
Auteurs:
Fereshteh Mohammadzaheri, Lynn Kern Koegel, Mohammad Rezaei, Enayatolah Bakhshi
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Lynn Kern Koegel is a partner in the private firm Koegel Autism Consultants, LLC.

Abstract

Children with autism often demonstrate disruptive behaviors during demanding teaching tasks. Language intervention can be particularly difficult as it involves social and communicative areas, which are challenging for this population. The purpose of this study was to compare two intervention conditions, a naturalistic approach, Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) with an adult-directed ABA approach on disruptive behavior during language intervention in the public schools. A randomized clinical trial design was used with two groups of children, matched according to age, sex and mean length of utterance. The data showed that the children demonstrated significantly lower levels of disruptive behavior during the PRT condition. The results are discussed with respect to antecedent manipulations that may be helpful in reducing disruptive behavior.

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