Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This study examined rumination as a moderator of the relationship between stress and depressive symptoms in a sample of adolescents using a multi-wave prospective design. Stressors were analyzed by domain (independent/dependent and interpersonal/noninterpersonal) and both brooding and reflection subtypes of rumination were examined as moderators. At the baseline assessment, 111 adolescents (ages 14–19) reported rumination and depressive symptoms. Youth were subsequently asked to complete a weekly diary assessment for 8 consecutive weeks, and again at 12 weeks, during which stressors and depressive symptoms were reported. Results indicated that brooding, but not reflection, moderated the relationship between stress and depression, for nearly all domains of stress. All results were in the expected direction, suggesting that the greater tendency to brood exacerbates the effects of stress on depression, whereas the greater tendency to reflect does not.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Abela, J., Brozina, K., & Haigh, E. (2002). An examination of the response styles theory of depression in third- and seventh-grade children: A short-term longitudinal study. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology: An Official Publication of the International Society for Research in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology,30(5), 515–527. doi: 10.1023/A:1019873015594.
Abela, J., & Hankin, B. (2008). Cognitive vulnerability to depression in children and adolescents: A developmental psychopathology perspective. In J. Abela & B. Hankin (Eds.), Handbook of depression in children and adolescents (pp. 35–78). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Armey, M. F., Fresco, D. M., Moore, M. T., Mennin, D. S., Turk, C. L., Heimberg, R. G., et al. (2009). Brooding and pondering: Isolating the active ingredients of depressive rumination with exploratory factor analysis and structural equation modeling. Assessment,16, 315–327. doi: 10.1177/1073191109340388. PubMedCrossRef
Ciesla, J., & Roberts, J. (2002). Self-directed thought and response to treatment for depression: A preliminary investigation. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy,16, 435–453. doi: 10.1891/jcop.16.4.435.52528.
Hankin, B., Abramson, L., Moffitt, T., Silva, P., McGee, R., & Angell, K. (1998). Development of depression from preadolescence to young adulthood: Emerging gender differences in a 10 year longitudinal study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology,107, 128–140. doi: 10.1037/0021-843X.107.1.128. PubMedCrossRef
Hong, W., Abela, J. Z., Cohen, J. R., Sheshko, D. M., Shi, X., Hamel, A., et al. (2010). Rumination as a vulnerability factor to depression in adolescents in mainland China: Lifetime history of clinically significant depressive episodes. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology,39, 849–857. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2010.517159. PubMedCrossRef
Kovacs, M. (1981). Rating scales to assess depression in school-aged children. Acta Paedopsychiatrica: International Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry,46, 305–315.
Kovacs, M. (1992). The children’s depression inventory (CDI). Psychopharmacology Bulletin,21, 995–998.
Kraaij, V., Garnefski, N., de Wilde, E., Dijkstra, A., Gebhardt, W., Maes, S., et al. (2003). Negative life events and depressive symptoms in late adolescence: Bonding and cognitive coping as vulnerability factors? Journal of Youth and Adolescence,32, 185–193. doi: 10.1023/A:1022543419747. CrossRef
Larson, R., & Asmussen, L. (1991). Anger, worry, and hurt in early adolescence: An enlarging world of negative emotions. In M. E. Colten & S. Gore (Eds.), Adolescent stress: Causes and consequences (pp. 21–41). Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.
Lyubomirsky, S., & Tkach, C. (2003). The consequences of dysphoric rumination. In C. Papageorgiou & A. Wells (Eds.), Rumination: Nature, theory, and treatment of negative thinking in depression (pp. 21–41). Chichester, England: Wiley.
Raudenbusch, S. W., & Bryk, A. S. (2002). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis (2nd ed.). CA, Newbury Park: Sage.
- A Prospective Study of Brooding and Reflection as Moderators of the Relationship between Stress and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescence
Amy H. Mezulis
- Springer US