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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2014

01-09-2014 | Original Paper

A Preliminary Study of Gender Differences in Autobiographical Memory in Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Lorna Goddard, Barbara Dritschel, Patricia Howlin

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 9/2014

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Abstract

Autobiographical memory was assessed in 24 children (12 male, 12 female, aged between 8 and 16 years) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and a comparison group of 24 typically developing (TD) children matched for age, IQ, gender and receptive language. Results suggested that a deficit in specific memory retrieval in the ASD group was more characteristic of male participants. Females in both the TD and ASD groups generated more detailed and emotional memories than males. They also demonstrated superior verbal fluency scores; verbal fluency and autobiographical memory cueing task performance were significantly positively correlated in females. Results are discussed in light of recent research suggesting gender differences in the phenotype of ASD.
Voetnoten
1
DSM 5 criteria were not available at the time of the study.
 
2
The updated version of the BPVS, BPVS3, had not been published at the outset of the study
 
3
Post hoc correlational analysis indicated an association between SCQ scores and number of specific memories retrieved (r = −.37, p = .04, one-tailed).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
A Preliminary Study of Gender Differences in Autobiographical Memory in Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Lorna Goddard
Barbara Dritschel
Patricia Howlin
Publicatiedatum
01-09-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 9/2014
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2109-7