Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The mindful attention awareness scale (MAAS) is a widely used measure of mindfulness that has been used in examining the construct of mindfulness in a variety of populations. However, the MAAS has been validated in primarily White samples to date. Mindfulness may be a promising construct among African Americans, but no measure of mindfulness has been validated for African Americans. The present study examined the psychometric properties of the MAAS in a sample of African American college students (n = 569). Measures of psychological distress and psychological flexibility were given in addition to the MAAS through an online survey portal. A confirmatory factor analysis showed that the MAAS showed a unidimensional factor structure in the present sample. In addition, the MAAS showed excellent internal consistency and was related to lower levels of psychological distress and higher psychological flexibility. This preliminary study suggests that researchers studying mindfulness among African Americans may use the MAAS with evidence supporting its utility.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Bodner, T. E., & Langer, E. J. (2001, June). Individual differences in mindfulness: the mindfulness/mindlessness scale. In Poster presented at the 13th annual American Psychological Society Convention, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Bond, F. W., Hayes, S. C., Baer, R. A., Carpenter, K. M., Guenole, N., Orcutt, H. K., et al. (2011). Preliminary psychometric properties of the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire–II: a revised measure of psychological inflexibility and experiential avoidance. Behavior Therapy, 42(4), 676–688. PubMedCrossRef
Brown, K. W., Ryan, R. M., & Creswell, J. D. (2007). Mindfulness: theoretical foundations and evidence for salutary effects. Psychological Inquiry, 18, 211–237. CrossRef
Browne, M. Y. C., & Cudeck, R. R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. Testing structural equation models, 136–162.
Coffey, K. A., & Hartman, M. (2008). Mechanisms of action in the inverse relationship between mindfulness and psychological distress. Complementary Health Practice Review, 13(2), 79–91.
Dutton, M. A., Bermudez, D., Matás, A., Majid, H., & Myers, N. L. (2013). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for low-income, predominantly African American women with PTSD and a history of intimate partner violence. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice (in press).
Erisman, S. M., & Roemer, L. (2012). A preliminary investigation of the process of mindfulness. Mindfulness, 3(1), 30–43. CrossRef
Fletcher, L., & Hayes, S. C. (2005). Relational frame theory, acceptance and commitment therapy, and a functional analytic definition of mindfulness. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 23(4), 315–336. CrossRef
Goldberg, D. (1978). Manual of the general health questionnaire. Windsor: National Foundation for Educational Research.
Graham, J. R., West, L. M., & Roemer, L. (2012). The experience of racism and anxiety symptoms in an African-American sample: moderating effects of trait mindfulness. Mindfulness. doi: 10.1007/s12671-012-0133-2.
Hamilton, K. E., Wershler, J. L., Macrodimitris, S. D., Backs-Dermott, B. J., Ching, L. E., & Mothersill, K. J. (2012). Exploring the effectiveness of a mixed-diagnosis group cognitive behavioral therapy intervention across diverse populations. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 19(3), 472–482. CrossRef
Hayes, S. C., & Wilson, K. G. (2003). Mindfulness: method and process. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2), 161–165.
Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K. D., Wilson, K. G., Bissett, R. T., Pistorello, J., Toarmino, D., et al. (2004). Measuring experiential avoidance: a preliminary test of a working model. Psychological Record, 54(4), 553–578.
Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K. D., & Wilson, K. G. (2011). Acceptance and commitment therapy: the process and practice of mindful change. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. Delta.
MacKillop, J., & Anderson, E. J. (2007). Further psychometric validation of the mindful attention awareness scale (MAAS). Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 29(4), 289–293. CrossRef
Marsh, H. W., & Hocevar, D. (1985). Application of confirmatory factor analysis to the study of self-concept: first-and higher order factor models and their invariance across groups. Psychological Bulletin, 97(3), 562. CrossRef
Masuda, A., & Tully, E. C. (2012). The role of mindfulness and psychological flexibility in somatization, depression, anxiety, and general psychological distress in a nonclinical college sample. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 17(1), 66–71. CrossRef
Masuda, A., Anderson, P. L., & Sheehan, S. T. (2009). Mindfulness and mental health among African American college students. Complementary Health Practice Review, 14(3), 115–127.
Okazaki, S., & Sue, S. (1995). Methodological issues in assessment research with ethnic minorities. Psychological Assessment, 7, 367–375. CrossRef
Schmertz, S. K., Anderson, P. L., & Robins, D. L. (2009). The relation between self-report mindfulness and performance on tasks of sustained attention. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 31(1), 60–66. CrossRef
Segal, Z. V., Teasdale, J. D., & Williams, J. M. G. (2004). Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy: Theoretical Rationale and Empirical Status. In S. C. Hayes, V. M. Follette, & M. M. Linehan (Eds.), Mindfulness and acceptance: expanding the cognitive-behavioral tradition (pp. 45–65). New York: Guilford Press.
Shahar, B., Britton, W. B., Sbarra, D. A., Figueredo, A. J., & Bootzin, R. R. (2010). Mechanisms of change in mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: preliminary evidence from a randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 3(4), 402–418. CrossRef
Shapiro, S. L., Astin, J. A., Bishop, S. R., & Cordova, M. (2005). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for health care professionals: results from a randomized trial. International Journal of Stress Management, 12(2), 164. CrossRef
Van Dam, N. T., Earleywine, M., & Borders, A. (2010). Measuring mindfulness? An item response theory analysis of the mindful attention awareness scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 49(7), 805–810. CrossRef
- A Preliminary Analysis of the Psychometric Properties of the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale Among African American College Students
Jessica R. Morgan
Page L. Anderson
- Springer US