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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 11/2022

29-09-2022 | ORIGINAL PAPER

A Pilot Study Testing the Effectiveness of a Mindfulness-Based Program for Portuguese School Children

Auteurs: Sofia Magalhães, Tânia Nunes, Inês Soeiro, Rui Rodrigues, António Coelho, Marisa Pinheiro, São Luís Castro, Teresa Leal, Teresa Limpo

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 11/2022

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Abstract

Objectives

Research into the effectiveness of mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) in school settings has grown substantially. However, studies in the field are still scarce, present methodological limitations, and fail to examine how children’s characteristics influence MBPs’ effects. The twofold aim of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of an MBP on children’s attention and emotional regulation, writing performance, and school grades, and to evaluate the moderating role of baseline scores, age, gender, and socioeconomic status.

Methods

Fifty-seven third graders received the MBP (n = 28) or a health-based program (n = 29), which is the active control group, for 8 weeks. In each week, both programs were composed of two 30-min sessions delivered by psychologists and three 5-min sessions delivered by teachers. Before and after the implementation of the programs, we assessed teacher-rated children’s attention and emotional regulation, performance-based attention networks (alerting, orienting, and conflict monitoring), writing performance (handwriting fluency, spelling, and text quality), and school grades in Portuguese, Mathematics, and Social Studies.

Results

Compared to the control group, after the program, the mindfulness group displayed higher teacher-rated attention and emotional regulation, as well as better Portuguese, Mathematics, and Social Studies grades. Emotional regulation and alerting baseline scores as well as age were found to moderate the MBP’s effects.

Conclusions

These findings provide preliminary evidence on the effectiveness of a MBP on children’s behavior and school grades. This means that students may benefit from the integration of mindfulness practices into the educational setting as a complement to the school curriculum.
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Metagegevens
Titel
A Pilot Study Testing the Effectiveness of a Mindfulness-Based Program for Portuguese School Children
Auteurs
Sofia Magalhães
Tânia Nunes
Inês Soeiro
Rui Rodrigues
António Coelho
Marisa Pinheiro
São Luís Castro
Teresa Leal
Teresa Limpo
Publicatiedatum
29-09-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 11/2022
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-022-01991-8

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