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Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 3/2014

01-06-2014 | Original Article

A Parental Report of Children’s Anxiety Symptoms in Japan

Auteurs: Shin-ichi Ishikawa, Saki Shimotsu, Tetsuya Ono, Satoko Sasagawa, Kiyomi Kondo-Ikemura, Yuji Sakano, Susan H. Spence

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 3/2014

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Abstract

Using parental reports, the current study investigated anxiety symptoms among Japanese children as part of the process of developing the Japanese version of the Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale for Parents (SCAS-P). The participants were 677 parents and children aged 9–12 years. Confirmatory factor analysis on 568 parents and children supported that the SCAS-P had a 6-factor structure. The scale showed satisfactory internal consistency and good convergent validity. A MANOVA indicated no significant gender or age differences except for the obsessive–compulsive disorder subscale. Among Japanese children, the most prevalent symptoms within the parental report were items related to fear of the dark and of insects/spiders. Finally, we observed very low correlations between parental and child reports of anxiety symptoms; the relationships between child and parental reports were rather poor among Japanese children. We briefly discuss the utility of the SCAS-P as a screening instrument assessing parental reports of anxiety symptoms.

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Voetnoten
1
However, we also conducted multi-group confirmatory factor analysis by using fathers’ data in order to examine consistency of the two groups’ (mothers and fathers) factor structures.
 
2
In terms of Model 3, multi-group analysis was also conducted by using the data from mothers’ (n = 568) and fathers’ reports (n = 59). In this analysis, two models were compared: (1) a configural invariance model that included no constrained variables and (2) a metric invariance model that represented coefficients from each factor for observed variables that were assumed to be equivalent between the two populations. Goodness of fit indices indicated that the configural invariance model was, overall, a better fit to the data than the metric invariance model: GFI = .944 versus .936, AGFI = .936 versus .928, and RMR = .30 versus .37.
 
3
A MANOVA was performed to examine age and gender effects on the SCAS for 677 children’s total scores and subscales. The total score and subscales of the SCAS revealed significant gender and age differences. A gender × age effect was only found for generalized anxiety disorders, F(2, 671) = 3.72, p < .05. Girls reported higher anxiety scores than boys for the full scale, F(1, 671) = 37.52, p < .001, separation anxiety disorder, F(1, 671) = 27.70, p < .001, social phobia, F(1, 671) = 59.03, p < .001, generalized anxiety disorder, F(1, 671) = 12.10, p < .001, panic attack and agoraphobia, F(1, 671) = 11.18, p < .001, obsessive–compulsive disorder, F(1, 671) = 13.34, p < .001, and fear of physical injury, F(1, 671) = 39.49, p < .001. Moreover, there were significant age differences for the total scale score, F(2, 671) = 13.10, p < .001, separation anxiety disorder, F(2, 671) = 26.21, p < .001, social phobia, F(2, 671) = 7.06, p < .001, generalized anxiety disorder, F(2, 671) = 4.83, p < .01, panic attack and agoraphobia, F(2, 671) = 6.33, p < .01, obsessive–compulsive disorder, F(2, 671) = 9.48, p < .001, and fear of physical injury, F(2, 671) = 5.22, p < .01. Multiple comparisons revealed that children in 4th grade had higher anxiety symptoms than 5th and 6th grade children for the total scale score, separation anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and obsessive–compulsive disorder. For social phobia and panic attack and agoraphobia, 6th graders had higher scores than 4th graders. In addition, 6th graders had lower scores on the fear of physical injury subscale.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
A Parental Report of Children’s Anxiety Symptoms in Japan
Auteurs
Shin-ichi Ishikawa
Saki Shimotsu
Tetsuya Ono
Satoko Sasagawa
Kiyomi Kondo-Ikemura
Yuji Sakano
Susan H. Spence
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 3/2014
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-013-0401-y