Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review 1/2012

01-03-2012

A Parent–Child Interactional Model of Social Anxiety Disorder in Youth

Auteurs: Thomas H. Ollendick, Kristy E. Benoit

Gepubliceerd in: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review | Uitgave 1/2012

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

In this paper, one of the most common disorders of childhood and adolescence, social anxiety disorder (SAD), is examined to illustrate the complex and delicate interplay between parent and child factors that can result in normal development gone awry. Our parent–child model of SAD posits a host of variables that converge to occasion the onset and maintenance of this disorder. Specifically, five risk factors—temperamental characteristics of the child, parental anxiety, attachment processes in the parent–child dyad, information processing biases, and parenting practices—will be highlighted. While it is acknowledged that other factors including genetic influences and peer relationships may also be important, they are simply not the focus of this paper. Within these constraints, the implications of our parent–child interaction model for prevention, treatment, research, and practice will be explored.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
go back to reference Baumrind, D. (1971). Current patterns of parental authority. Developmental Psychology, 4, 1–103. CrossRef Baumrind, D. (1971). Current patterns of parental authority. Developmental Psychology, 4, 1–103. CrossRef
go back to reference Beard, C., & Amir, N. (2008). A multi-session interpretation modification program: Changes in interpretation and social anxiety symptoms. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 46, 1135–1141. Beard, C., & Amir, N. (2008). A multi-session interpretation modification program: Changes in interpretation and social anxiety symptoms. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 46, 1135–1141.
go back to reference Beidel, D. C., & Turner, S. M. (1998). Shy children, phobic adults: Nature and treatment of social phobia. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef Beidel, D. C., & Turner, S. M. (1998). Shy children, phobic adults: Nature and treatment of social phobia. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
go back to reference Beidel, D. C., Turner, S. M., & Morris, T. L. (1999). Psychopathology of childhood social phobia. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 643–650. PubMedCrossRef Beidel, D. C., Turner, S. M., & Morris, T. L. (1999). Psychopathology of childhood social phobia. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 643–650. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bernstein, G. A., Layne, A. E., Egan, E. A., & Nelson, L. P. (2005). Maternal phobic anxiety and child anxiety. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 19, 658–672. Bernstein, G. A., Layne, A. E., Egan, E. A., & Nelson, L. P. (2005). Maternal phobic anxiety and child anxiety. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 19, 658–672.
go back to reference Biederman, J., Faraone, S. V., Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R., Friedman, D., Robin, J., & Rosenbaum, J. F. (2001). Patterns of psychopathology and dysfunction in a large sample of high-risk children of parents with panic disorder and major depression: A controlled study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 49–57. PubMedCrossRef Biederman, J., Faraone, S. V., Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R., Friedman, D., Robin, J., & Rosenbaum, J. F. (2001). Patterns of psychopathology and dysfunction in a large sample of high-risk children of parents with panic disorder and major depression: A controlled study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 49–57. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Biederman, J., Petty, C., Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R., Henin, A., Faraone, S. V., Dang, D., et al. (2006). A controlled longitudinal five year follow-up study of children at high and low risk for panic disorder and major depression. Psychological Medicine, 36, 1141–1152. PubMedCrossRef Biederman, J., Petty, C., Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R., Henin, A., Faraone, S. V., Dang, D., et al. (2006). A controlled longitudinal five year follow-up study of children at high and low risk for panic disorder and major depression. Psychological Medicine, 36, 1141–1152. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Biederman, J., Rosenbaum, J. F., Hirshfeld, D. R., Faraone, S. V., Bolduc, E. A., Gersten, M., et al. (1990). Psychiatric correlates of behavioral inhibition in young children of parents with and without psychiatric disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 47, 21–26. PubMedCrossRef Biederman, J., Rosenbaum, J. F., Hirshfeld, D. R., Faraone, S. V., Bolduc, E. A., Gersten, M., et al. (1990). Psychiatric correlates of behavioral inhibition in young children of parents with and without psychiatric disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 47, 21–26. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bourdon, K. H., Boyd, J. H., Rae, D. S., Burns, B. J., Thompson, J. W., & Locke, B. Z. (1988). Gender differences in phobia: Results of the ECA community survey. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 2, 227–241. Bourdon, K. H., Boyd, J. H., Rae, D. S., Burns, B. J., Thompson, J. W., & Locke, B. Z. (1988). Gender differences in phobia: Results of the ECA community survey. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 2, 227–241.
go back to reference Bowlby, J. (1987). Attachment and the therapeutic process. Madison, CT: International Universities Press, Inc. Bowlby, J. (1987). Attachment and the therapeutic process. Madison, CT: International Universities Press, Inc.
go back to reference Burgess, K., Rubin, K. H., Cheah, C., & Nelson, L. (2001). Socially withdrawn children: Parenting and parent-child relationships. In R. Crozier & L. E. Alden (Eds.), The self, shyness and social anxiety: A handbook of concepts, research, and interventions (pp. 137–158). New York: Wiley. Burgess, K., Rubin, K. H., Cheah, C., & Nelson, L. (2001). Socially withdrawn children: Parenting and parent-child relationships. In R. Crozier & L. E. Alden (Eds.), The self, shyness and social anxiety: A handbook of concepts, research, and interventions (pp. 137–158). New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Caspi, A., & Silva, P. A. (1995). Temperamental qualities at age 3 predict personality traits in young adulthood: Longitudinal evidence from a birth cohort. Child Development, 66, 486–498. PubMedCrossRef Caspi, A., & Silva, P. A. (1995). Temperamental qualities at age 3 predict personality traits in young adulthood: Longitudinal evidence from a birth cohort. Child Development, 66, 486–498. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Chronis-Tuscano, A., Degnan, K. A., Pine, D. S., Perez-Edgar, K., Henderson, H. A., Diaz, Y., et al. (2009). Stable early maternal report of behavioral inhibition predicts lifetime social anxiety disorder in adolescence. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 48, 928–935. PubMedCrossRef Chronis-Tuscano, A., Degnan, K. A., Pine, D. S., Perez-Edgar, K., Henderson, H. A., Diaz, Y., et al. (2009). Stable early maternal report of behavioral inhibition predicts lifetime social anxiety disorder in adolescence. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 48, 928–935. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Costa, N. M., Benoit, K. E., & Ollendick, T. H. (2010). Interpersonal issues in treating children and adolescents. In L. M. Horowitz & S. Strack (Eds.), Handbook of interpersonal psychology (pp. 493–508). New York: John Wiley & Sons. Costa, N. M., Benoit, K. E., & Ollendick, T. H. (2010). Interpersonal issues in treating children and adolescents. In L. M. Horowitz & S. Strack (Eds.), Handbook of interpersonal psychology (pp. 493–508). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
go back to reference Cowart, M. J. W., & Ollendick, T. H. (2010). Attentional biases in children: Implication for treatment. In J. A. Hadwin & A. P. Field (Eds.), Information processing biases and anxiety: A developmental perspective (pp. 297–319). Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossRef Cowart, M. J. W., & Ollendick, T. H. (2010). Attentional biases in children: Implication for treatment. In J. A. Hadwin & A. P. Field (Eds.), Information processing biases and anxiety: A developmental perspective (pp. 297–319). Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Creswell, C., Cooper, P., & Murray, L. (2010). Intergenerational transmission of anxious information processing bias. In J. A. Hadwin & A. P. Field (Eds.), Information processing biases and anxiety: A developmental perspective (pp. 279–296). Chichester: Wiley. CrossRef Creswell, C., Cooper, P., & Murray, L. (2010). Intergenerational transmission of anxious information processing bias. In J. A. Hadwin & A. P. Field (Eds.), Information processing biases and anxiety: A developmental perspective (pp. 279–296). Chichester: Wiley. CrossRef
go back to reference Creswell, C., O’Connor, T. G., & Brewin, C. R. (2006). A longitudinal investigation of maternal and child ‘anxious cognitions’. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 30, 135–147. CrossRef Creswell, C., O’Connor, T. G., & Brewin, C. R. (2006). A longitudinal investigation of maternal and child ‘anxious cognitions’. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 30, 135–147. CrossRef
go back to reference Creswell, C., O’Connor, T. G., & Brewin, C. R. (2008). The impact of parents’ expectations on parenting behavior: An experimental investigation. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 36, 483–490. CrossRef Creswell, C., O’Connor, T. G., & Brewin, C. R. (2008). The impact of parents’ expectations on parenting behavior: An experimental investigation. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 36, 483–490. CrossRef
go back to reference Degnan, K. A., Almas, A. N., & Fox, N. A. (2010). Temperament and the environment in the etiology of childhood anxiety. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51, 497–515. PubMedCrossRef Degnan, K. A., Almas, A. N., & Fox, N. A. (2010). Temperament and the environment in the etiology of childhood anxiety. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51, 497–515. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Degnan, K. A., & Fox, N. A. (2007). Behavioral inhibition and anxiety disorders: Multiple levels of a resilience process. Development and Psychopathology, 19, 729–746. PubMedCrossRef Degnan, K. A., & Fox, N. A. (2007). Behavioral inhibition and anxiety disorders: Multiple levels of a resilience process. Development and Psychopathology, 19, 729–746. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Degnan, K. A., Henderson, H. A., Fox, N. A., & Rubin, K. H. (2008). Predicting social wariness in middle childhood: The moderating roles of childcare history, maternal personality, and maternal behavior. Social Development, 17, 471–487. PubMedCrossRef Degnan, K. A., Henderson, H. A., Fox, N. A., & Rubin, K. H. (2008). Predicting social wariness in middle childhood: The moderating roles of childcare history, maternal personality, and maternal behavior. Social Development, 17, 471–487. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Derogatis, L. R., & Lazarus, L. (1994). SCL-90—R, Brief Symptom Inventory, and matching clinical rating scales. In M. E. Maruish (Ed.), The use of psychological testing for treatment planning and outcome assessment (pp. 217–248). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Derogatis, L. R., & Lazarus, L. (1994). SCL-90—R, Brief Symptom Inventory, and matching clinical rating scales. In M. E. Maruish (Ed.), The use of psychological testing for treatment planning and outcome assessment (pp. 217–248). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
go back to reference DiLalla, L. F., Kagan, J., & Reznick, J. S. (1994). Genetic etiology of behavioral inhibition among 2-year-old children. Infant Behavior and Development, 17, 405–412. CrossRef DiLalla, L. F., Kagan, J., & Reznick, J. S. (1994). Genetic etiology of behavioral inhibition among 2-year-old children. Infant Behavior and Development, 17, 405–412. CrossRef
go back to reference Essau, C. A., Conradt, J., & Petermann, F. (1999). Frequency and comorbidity of social phobia and social fears in adolescents. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 37, 831–843. PubMedCrossRef Essau, C. A., Conradt, J., & Petermann, F. (1999). Frequency and comorbidity of social phobia and social fears in adolescents. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 37, 831–843. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Field, A. P., & Lawson, J. (2003). Fear information and the development of fears during childhood: Effects on implicit fear responses and behavioral avoidance. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41, 1277–1293. PubMedCrossRef Field, A. P., & Lawson, J. (2003). Fear information and the development of fears during childhood: Effects on implicit fear responses and behavioral avoidance. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41, 1277–1293. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Field, A. P., Lawson, J., & Banerjee, R. (2008). The verbal threat information pathway to fear in children: The longitudinal effects on fear cognitions and the immediate effects on avoidance behavior. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 117, 214–224. PubMedCrossRef Field, A. P., Lawson, J., & Banerjee, R. (2008). The verbal threat information pathway to fear in children: The longitudinal effects on fear cognitions and the immediate effects on avoidance behavior. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 117, 214–224. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Field, A. P., & Lester, K. J. (2010). Learning of information processing biases in anxious children and adolescents. In J. A. Hadwin & A. P. Field (Eds.), Information processing biases and anxiety: A developmental perspective (pp. 253–278). Chichester: Wiley. CrossRef Field, A. P., & Lester, K. J. (2010). Learning of information processing biases in anxious children and adolescents. In J. A. Hadwin & A. P. Field (Eds.), Information processing biases and anxiety: A developmental perspective (pp. 253–278). Chichester: Wiley. CrossRef
go back to reference Field, A. P., & Schorah, H. (2007). The negative information pathway to fear and heart rate changes in children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48, 1088–1093. PubMedCrossRef Field, A. P., & Schorah, H. (2007). The negative information pathway to fear and heart rate changes in children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48, 1088–1093. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Fisak, B., & Grills-Taquechel, A. E. (2007). Parental modeling, reinforcement, and information transfer: Risk factors in the development of child anxiety? Clinical Child and Family Review, 10, 213–231. CrossRef Fisak, B., & Grills-Taquechel, A. E. (2007). Parental modeling, reinforcement, and information transfer: Risk factors in the development of child anxiety? Clinical Child and Family Review, 10, 213–231. CrossRef
go back to reference Fordham, K., & Stevenson-Hinde, J. (1999). Shyness, friendship quality, and adjustment during middle childhood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 757–768. PubMedCrossRef Fordham, K., & Stevenson-Hinde, J. (1999). Shyness, friendship quality, and adjustment during middle childhood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 757–768. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Fox, N. A., Henderson, H. A., Marshall, P. J., Nichols, K. E., & Ghera, M. M. (2005). Behavioral inhibition: Linking biology and behavior within a developmental framework. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 235–262. PubMedCrossRef Fox, N. A., Henderson, H. A., Marshall, P. J., Nichols, K. E., & Ghera, M. M. (2005). Behavioral inhibition: Linking biology and behavior within a developmental framework. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 235–262. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gerull, F., & Rapee, R. (2002). Mother knows best: Effects of maternal modeling on the acquisition of fear and avoidance behavior in toddlers. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 279–287. PubMedCrossRef Gerull, F., & Rapee, R. (2002). Mother knows best: Effects of maternal modeling on the acquisition of fear and avoidance behavior in toddlers. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 279–287. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Goldsmith, H. H., & Lemery, K. S. (2000). Linking temperamental fearfulness and anxiety symptoms: A behavior-genetic perspective. Biological Psychiatry, 48, 1199–1209. PubMedCrossRef Goldsmith, H. H., & Lemery, K. S. (2000). Linking temperamental fearfulness and anxiety symptoms: A behavior-genetic perspective. Biological Psychiatry, 48, 1199–1209. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hane, A. A., Fox, N. A., Henderson, H. A., & Marshall, P. J. (2008). Behavioral reactivity and approach-withdrawal bias in infancy. Developmental Psychology, 44, 1491–1496. PubMedCrossRef Hane, A. A., Fox, N. A., Henderson, H. A., & Marshall, P. J. (2008). Behavioral reactivity and approach-withdrawal bias in infancy. Developmental Psychology, 44, 1491–1496. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hayward, C., Killen, J., Kraemer, K., & Taylor, C. (1998). Linking self-reported childhood behavioral inhibition to adolescent social phobia. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 1308–1316. PubMedCrossRef Hayward, C., Killen, J., Kraemer, K., & Taylor, C. (1998). Linking self-reported childhood behavioral inhibition to adolescent social phobia. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 1308–1316. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Heimberg, R. G., Stine, M. B., Hiripi, E., & Kessler, R. C. (2000). Trends in the prevalence of social phobia in the United States: A synthetic cohort analysis of changes over four decades. European Journal of Psychiatry, 15, 29–37. CrossRef Heimberg, R. G., Stine, M. B., Hiripi, E., & Kessler, R. C. (2000). Trends in the prevalence of social phobia in the United States: A synthetic cohort analysis of changes over four decades. European Journal of Psychiatry, 15, 29–37. CrossRef
go back to reference Hirshfeld, D. R., Rosenbaum, J. F., Biederman, J., Bolduc, E. A., Faraone, S. V., Snidman, N., et al. (1992). Stable behavioral inhibition and its association with anxiety disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 31, 103–111. PubMedCrossRef Hirshfeld, D. R., Rosenbaum, J. F., Biederman, J., Bolduc, E. A., Faraone, S. V., Snidman, N., et al. (1992). Stable behavioral inhibition and its association with anxiety disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 31, 103–111. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R., Biederman, J., Henin, A., Faraone, S. V., Davis, S., Harrington, K., et al. (2007a). Behavioral inhibition in preschool children at risk is a specific predictor of middle childhood social anxiety: A five-year follow-up. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 28, 225–233. PubMedCrossRef Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R., Biederman, J., Henin, A., Faraone, S. V., Davis, S., Harrington, K., et al. (2007a). Behavioral inhibition in preschool children at risk is a specific predictor of middle childhood social anxiety: A five-year follow-up. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 28, 225–233. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R., Biederman, J., Henin, A., Faraone, S. V., Micco, J. A., van Grondelle, A., et al. (2007b). Clinical outcomes of laboratory-observed preschool behavioral disinhibition at five-year follow-up. Biological Psychiatry, 62, 565–572. PubMedCrossRef Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R., Biederman, J., Henin, A., Faraone, S. V., Micco, J. A., van Grondelle, A., et al. (2007b). Clinical outcomes of laboratory-observed preschool behavioral disinhibition at five-year follow-up. Biological Psychiatry, 62, 565–572. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R., Masek, B., Henin, A., Blakely, L. R., Pollock-Wurman, R. A., McQuade, J., et al. (2010). Cognitive behavioral therapy for 4–7-year-old children with anxiety disorders: A randomized clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 498–510. PubMedCrossRef Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R., Masek, B., Henin, A., Blakely, L. R., Pollock-Wurman, R. A., McQuade, J., et al. (2010). Cognitive behavioral therapy for 4–7-year-old children with anxiety disorders: A randomized clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 498–510. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R., Masek, B., Henin, A., Blakely, L. R., Rettew, D. C., Dufton, L., et al. (2008). Cognitive-behavioral intervention with young anxious children. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 16, 113–125. PubMedCrossRef Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R., Masek, B., Henin, A., Blakely, L. R., Rettew, D. C., Dufton, L., et al. (2008). Cognitive-behavioral intervention with young anxious children. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 16, 113–125. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hudson, J. L., & Rapee, R. M. (2001). Parent-child interactions and anxiety disorders: an observational study. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 39, 1411–1427. PubMedCrossRef Hudson, J. L., & Rapee, R. M. (2001). Parent-child interactions and anxiety disorders: an observational study. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 39, 1411–1427. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kagan, J. (1994). Galen’s prophecy: Temperament in human nature. New York: Basic Books. Kagan, J. (1994). Galen’s prophecy: Temperament in human nature. New York: Basic Books.
go back to reference Kagan, J., Arcus, D., & Snidman, N. (1993). The idea of temperament: Where do we go from here? In R. Plomin & G. E. McClearn (Eds.), Nature, nurture, and psychology (pp. 197–210). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef Kagan, J., Arcus, D., & Snidman, N. (1993). The idea of temperament: Where do we go from here? In R. Plomin & G. E. McClearn (Eds.), Nature, nurture, and psychology (pp. 197–210). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
go back to reference Kagan, J., Reznick, J. S., & Snidman, N. (1987). The physiology and psychology of behavioral inhibition in children. Child Development, 58, 1459–1473. PubMedCrossRef Kagan, J., Reznick, J. S., & Snidman, N. (1987). The physiology and psychology of behavioral inhibition in children. Child Development, 58, 1459–1473. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kashdan, T. B., & Herbert, J. D. (2001). Social anxiety disorder in childhood and adolescence: Current status and future directions. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 5, 141–160. Kashdan, T. B., & Herbert, J. D. (2001). Social anxiety disorder in childhood and adolescence: Current status and future directions. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 5, 141–160.
go back to reference Kessler, R. C., McGonagle, K. A., Shanyang, Z., Nelson, C. B., Hughes, M., Eshleman, S., et al. (1994). Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders in the United States. Archives of General Psychiatry, 51, 8–19. PubMedCrossRef Kessler, R. C., McGonagle, K. A., Shanyang, Z., Nelson, C. B., Hughes, M., Eshleman, S., et al. (1994). Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders in the United States. Archives of General Psychiatry, 51, 8–19. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lester, K. J., Field, A. P., Oliver, S., & Cartwright-Hatton, S. (2009). Do anxious parents interpretive biases towards threat extend into their child’s environment? Behavior Research and Therapy, 47, 170–174. CrossRef Lester, K. J., Field, A. P., Oliver, S., & Cartwright-Hatton, S. (2009). Do anxious parents interpretive biases towards threat extend into their child’s environment? Behavior Research and Therapy, 47, 170–174. CrossRef
go back to reference Manassis, K., & Bradley, S. (1994). The development of childhood anxiety disorders: Toward an integrated model. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 15, 345–366. CrossRef Manassis, K., & Bradley, S. (1994). The development of childhood anxiety disorders: Toward an integrated model. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 15, 345–366. CrossRef
go back to reference Manassis, K., Bradley, S., Goldberg, S., Hood, J., & Swinson, L. (1994). Attachment in mothers with anxiety disorders and their children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 33, 1106–1113. PubMedCrossRef Manassis, K., Bradley, S., Goldberg, S., Hood, J., & Swinson, L. (1994). Attachment in mothers with anxiety disorders and their children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 33, 1106–1113. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Manassis, K., Bradley, S., Goldberg, S., Hood, J., & Swinson, R. P. (1995). Behavioural inhibition, attachment and anxiety in children of mothers with anxiety disorders. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 40, 87–92. Manassis, K., Bradley, S., Goldberg, S., Hood, J., & Swinson, R. P. (1995). Behavioural inhibition, attachment and anxiety in children of mothers with anxiety disorders. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 40, 87–92.
go back to reference Manassis, K., & Hood, J. (1998). Individual and familial predictors of impairment in childhood anxiety disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 428–434. Manassis, K., & Hood, J. (1998). Individual and familial predictors of impairment in childhood anxiety disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 428–434.
go back to reference Mathews, A., & MacLeod, C. (1994). Cognitive approaches to emotion and emotional disorders. Annual Review of Psychology, 45, 25–50. PubMedCrossRef Mathews, A., & MacLeod, C. (1994). Cognitive approaches to emotion and emotional disorders. Annual Review of Psychology, 45, 25–50. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference McLeod, B. D., Wood, J. J., & Weisz, J. R. (2007). Examining the association between parenting and childhood anxiety: A meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 25, 155–172. CrossRef McLeod, B. D., Wood, J. J., & Weisz, J. R. (2007). Examining the association between parenting and childhood anxiety: A meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 25, 155–172. CrossRef
go back to reference Moser, J. S., Hajcak, G., Huppert, J. D., Foa, E. B., & Simons, R. F. (2008). Interpretation bias in social anxiety as detected by event-related brain potentials. Emotion, 8, 693–700. PubMedCrossRef Moser, J. S., Hajcak, G., Huppert, J. D., Foa, E. B., & Simons, R. F. (2008). Interpretation bias in social anxiety as detected by event-related brain potentials. Emotion, 8, 693–700. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Muris, P. (2010). Anxiety-related reasoning biases in children and adolescents. In J. A. Hadwin & A. P. Field (Eds.), Information processing biases and anxiety: A developmental perspective (pp. 21–46). Chichester: Wiley. Muris, P. (2010). Anxiety-related reasoning biases in children and adolescents. In J. A. Hadwin & A. P. Field (Eds.), Information processing biases and anxiety: A developmental perspective (pp. 21–46). Chichester: Wiley.
go back to reference Muris, P., Huijding, J., Mayer, B., & Hameetman, M. (2008). A space odyssey: Experimental manipulation of threat perception and anxiety-related interpretation bias in children. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 39, 469–480. PubMedCrossRef Muris, P., Huijding, J., Mayer, B., & Hameetman, M. (2008). A space odyssey: Experimental manipulation of threat perception and anxiety-related interpretation bias in children. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 39, 469–480. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Muris, P., & Meesters, C. (2002). Attachment, behavioral inhibition, and anxiety disorders symptoms in normal adolescents. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 24, 97–106. CrossRef Muris, P., & Meesters, C. (2002). Attachment, behavioral inhibition, and anxiety disorders symptoms in normal adolescents. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 24, 97–106. CrossRef
go back to reference Murray, L., de Rosnay, M., Pearson, J., Bergeron, C., Schofield, E., Royal-Lawson, M., et al. (2008). Intergenerational transmission of social anxiety: The role of social referencing processing in infancy. Child Development, 79, 1049–1064. PubMedCrossRef Murray, L., de Rosnay, M., Pearson, J., Bergeron, C., Schofield, E., Royal-Lawson, M., et al. (2008). Intergenerational transmission of social anxiety: The role of social referencing processing in infancy. Child Development, 79, 1049–1064. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ollendick, T. H., Costa, N. M., & Benoit, K. E. (2010). Interpersonal processes and the anxiety disorders of childhood. In G. Beck (Ed.), Interpersonal processes in the anxiety disorders: Implications for understanding psychopathology and treatment (pp. 71–95). Washington, DC: APA Books. CrossRef Ollendick, T. H., Costa, N. M., & Benoit, K. E. (2010). Interpersonal processes and the anxiety disorders of childhood. In G. Beck (Ed.), Interpersonal processes in the anxiety disorders: Implications for understanding psychopathology and treatment (pp. 71–95). Washington, DC: APA Books. CrossRef
go back to reference Ollendick, T. H., & Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R. (2002). The developmental psychopathology of social anxiety disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 51, 44–58. PubMedCrossRef Ollendick, T. H., & Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R. (2002). The developmental psychopathology of social anxiety disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 51, 44–58. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ollendick, T. H., & Horsch, L. M. (2007). Fears in children and adolescents: Relations with child anxiety sensitivity, maternal overprotection, and maternal phobic anxiety. Behavior Therapy, 38, 402–411. PubMedCrossRef Ollendick, T. H., & Horsch, L. M. (2007). Fears in children and adolescents: Relations with child anxiety sensitivity, maternal overprotection, and maternal phobic anxiety. Behavior Therapy, 38, 402–411. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ollendick, T. H., & March, J. S. (Eds.). (2004). Phobic and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents: A clinician’s guide to effective psychosocial and pharmacological interventions. New York: Oxford University Press. Ollendick, T. H., & March, J. S. (Eds.). (2004). Phobic and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents: A clinician’s guide to effective psychosocial and pharmacological interventions. New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Ollendick, T. H., & Vasey, M. W. (1999). Developmental theory and the practice of clinical child psychology. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 28, 457–466. PubMedCrossRef Ollendick, T. H., & Vasey, M. W. (1999). Developmental theory and the practice of clinical child psychology. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 28, 457–466. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Park, S., Belsky, J., Putnam, S., & Crnic, K. (1997). Infant emotionality, parenting, and 3-year inhibition: Exploring stability and lawful discontinuity in a male sample. Developmental Psychology, 33, 218–227. PubMedCrossRef Park, S., Belsky, J., Putnam, S., & Crnic, K. (1997). Infant emotionality, parenting, and 3-year inhibition: Exploring stability and lawful discontinuity in a male sample. Developmental Psychology, 33, 218–227. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rapee, R. M., Kennedy, S., Ingram, M., Edwards, S., & Sweeney, L. (2005). Prevention and early intervention of anxiety disorders in inhibited preschool children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 488–497. PubMedCrossRef Rapee, R. M., Kennedy, S., Ingram, M., Edwards, S., & Sweeney, L. (2005). Prevention and early intervention of anxiety disorders in inhibited preschool children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 488–497. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rosenbaum, J. F., Biederman, J., Bolduc, E. A., Hirshfeld, D. R., Faraone, S. V., & Kagan, J. (1992). Comorbidity of parental anxiety disorders as risk for child-onset anxiety in inhibited children. American Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 475–478. PubMed Rosenbaum, J. F., Biederman, J., Bolduc, E. A., Hirshfeld, D. R., Faraone, S. V., & Kagan, J. (1992). Comorbidity of parental anxiety disorders as risk for child-onset anxiety in inhibited children. American Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 475–478. PubMed
go back to reference Rosenbaum, J. F., Biederman, J., Gersten, M., Hirshfeld, D. R., Meminger, S. R., Herman, J. B., et al. (1988). Behavioral inhibition in children of parents with panic disorder and agoraphobia: A controlled study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 45, 463–470. PubMedCrossRef Rosenbaum, J. F., Biederman, J., Gersten, M., Hirshfeld, D. R., Meminger, S. R., Herman, J. B., et al. (1988). Behavioral inhibition in children of parents with panic disorder and agoraphobia: A controlled study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 45, 463–470. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rosenbaum, J. F., Biederman, J., Hirshfeld, D. R., Kagan, J., Snidman, N., Friedman, D., et al. (2000). A controlled study of behavioral inhibition in children of parents with panic disorder and depression. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 2002–2010. PubMedCrossRef Rosenbaum, J. F., Biederman, J., Hirshfeld, D. R., Kagan, J., Snidman, N., Friedman, D., et al. (2000). A controlled study of behavioral inhibition in children of parents with panic disorder and depression. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 2002–2010. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rubin, K. H., Burgess, K. B., & Hastings, P. D. (2002). Stability and social-emotional consequences of toddlers’ inhibited temperament and parenting behaviors. Child Development, 73, 483–495. PubMedCrossRef Rubin, K. H., Burgess, K. B., & Hastings, P. D. (2002). Stability and social-emotional consequences of toddlers’ inhibited temperament and parenting behaviors. Child Development, 73, 483–495. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rubin, K. H., Cheah, C. S., & Fox, N. A. (2001). Emotion regulation, parenting, and display of social reticence in preschoolers. Early Education and Development, 12, 97–115. CrossRef Rubin, K. H., Cheah, C. S., & Fox, N. A. (2001). Emotion regulation, parenting, and display of social reticence in preschoolers. Early Education and Development, 12, 97–115. CrossRef
go back to reference Scarpa, A., Raine, A., Venables, P., & Mednick, S. (1995). The stability of inhibited/uninhibited temperament from ages 3 to 11 years in Mauritian children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 23, 607–618. PubMedCrossRef Scarpa, A., Raine, A., Venables, P., & Mednick, S. (1995). The stability of inhibited/uninhibited temperament from ages 3 to 11 years in Mauritian children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 23, 607–618. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schwartz, C., Snidman, N., & Kagan, J. (1999). Adolescent social anxiety as an outcome of inhibited temperament in childhood. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 1008–1015. PubMedCrossRef Schwartz, C., Snidman, N., & Kagan, J. (1999). Adolescent social anxiety as an outcome of inhibited temperament in childhood. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 1008–1015. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Siqueland, L., Kendall, P. C., & Steinberg, L. (1996). Anxiety in children: Perceived family environments and observed family interaction. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 25, 225–237. CrossRef Siqueland, L., Kendall, P. C., & Steinberg, L. (1996). Anxiety in children: Perceived family environments and observed family interaction. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 25, 225–237. CrossRef
go back to reference Thomas, A., & Chess, S. (1977). Temperament and development. New York: New York University Press. Thomas, A., & Chess, S. (1977). Temperament and development. New York: New York University Press.
go back to reference Vasey, M. W., & Ollendick, T. H. (2000). Anxiety. In M. Lewis & A. Sameroff (Eds.), Handbook of developmental psychopathology (pp. 511–529). New York: Plenum Publishing Corp. CrossRef Vasey, M. W., & Ollendick, T. H. (2000). Anxiety. In M. Lewis & A. Sameroff (Eds.), Handbook of developmental psychopathology (pp. 511–529). New York: Plenum Publishing Corp. CrossRef
go back to reference Vassilopoulos, S. P., Banerjee, R., & Prantzalou, C. (2009). Experimental modification of interpretation bias in socially anxious children: Changes in interpretation, anticipated interpersonal anxiety, and social anxiety symptoms. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 47, 1085–1089. Vassilopoulos, S. P., Banerjee, R., & Prantzalou, C. (2009). Experimental modification of interpretation bias in socially anxious children: Changes in interpretation, anticipated interpersonal anxiety, and social anxiety symptoms. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 47, 1085–1089.
go back to reference Warren, S. L., Huston, L., Egeland, B., & Sroufe, L. A. (1997). Child and adolescent anxiety disorders and early attachment. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 30, 637–644. CrossRef Warren, S. L., Huston, L., Egeland, B., & Sroufe, L. A. (1997). Child and adolescent anxiety disorders and early attachment. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 30, 637–644. CrossRef
go back to reference Whaley, S. E., Pinto, A., & Sigman, M. (1999). Characterizing interactions between anxious mothers and their children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67, 826–836. PubMedCrossRef Whaley, S. E., Pinto, A., & Sigman, M. (1999). Characterizing interactions between anxious mothers and their children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67, 826–836. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Williams, L. R., Degnan, K. A., Perez-Edgar, K. E., Henderson, H. A., Rubin, K. H., Pine, D. S., et al. (2009). Impact of behavioral inhibition and parenting style on internalizing and externalizing problems from early childhood through adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37, 1063–1075. PubMedCrossRef Williams, L. R., Degnan, K. A., Perez-Edgar, K. E., Henderson, H. A., Rubin, K. H., Pine, D. S., et al. (2009). Impact of behavioral inhibition and parenting style on internalizing and externalizing problems from early childhood through adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37, 1063–1075. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wittchen, H.-U., Stine, M. B., & Kessler, R. C. (1999). Social fears and social phobia in a community sample of adolescents and young adults: Prevalence, risk factors and co-morbidity. Psychological Medicine, 29, 309–323. PubMedCrossRef Wittchen, H.-U., Stine, M. B., & Kessler, R. C. (1999). Social fears and social phobia in a community sample of adolescents and young adults: Prevalence, risk factors and co-morbidity. Psychological Medicine, 29, 309–323. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wood, J., McLeod, B. D., Sigman, M., Hwang, W. C., & Chu, B. C. (2003). Parenting and childhood anxiety: Theory, empirical findings, and future directions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44, 134–151. PubMedCrossRef Wood, J., McLeod, B. D., Sigman, M., Hwang, W. C., & Chu, B. C. (2003). Parenting and childhood anxiety: Theory, empirical findings, and future directions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44, 134–151. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
A Parent–Child Interactional Model of Social Anxiety Disorder in Youth
Auteurs
Thomas H. Ollendick
Kristy E. Benoit
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review / Uitgave 1/2012
Print ISSN: 1096-4037
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2827
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10567-011-0108-1