Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

14-03-2022 | Empirical Research

A Parallel Latent Growth Model of Affinity for Solitude and Depressive Symptoms among Chinese Early Adolescents

Auteurs: Na Hu, Gangmin Xu, Xi Chen, Muzi Yuan, Junsheng Liu, Robert J. Coplan, Dan Li, Xinyin Chen

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 5/2022

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Preferring to spend time alone (for any reason) has been empirically linked to symptoms of internalizing problems among Chinese children and early adolescents. However, little is known about the implications of affinity for solitude (i.e., an enjoyment of solitude) in China. Moreover, it remains unclear how affinity for solitude and depressive symptoms development simultaneously in early adolescence. To address these gaps, this study examined the longitudinal and parallel associations between affinity for solitude and depressive symptoms among Chinese early adolescents. Participants were 853 adolescents (48.4% female; Mage = 14.65 years, SD = 0.54) from mainland China followed over three years from Grade 7 to Grade 9. Assessments of affinity for solitude and depressive symptoms were obtained each year via adolescent self-reports. Among the findings, results from parallel latent growth modeling suggested that higher initial levels of affinity for solitude in Grade7 negatively predicted the slope of adolescents’ depressive symptoms. This indicates that higher levels of affinity for solitude in Grade 7 predicted a slower increase in adolescents’ depressive symptoms levels over three years. Implications are discussed that consider the adaptive mechanism of affinity for solitude among Chinese adolescents in the development of depressive symptoms.
Literatuur
go back to reference Bowker, J. C., White, H. I., & Etkin, R. G. (2021). Social withdrawal in adolescence: The role of peers. In R. J. Coplan & J. C. Bowker (Eds.), The handbook of solitude: Psychological perspectives on social isolation, social withdrawal, and being alone (2nd ed., pp. 133–145). John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Bowker, J. C., White, H. I., & Etkin, R. G. (2021). Social withdrawal in adolescence: The role of peers. In R. J. Coplan & J. C. Bowker (Eds.), The handbook of solitude: Psychological perspectives on social isolation, social withdrawal, and being alone (2nd ed., pp. 133–145). John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
go back to reference Goossens, L. (2014). Affinity for aloneness in adolescence and preference for solitude in childhood: Linking two research traditions. In R. J. Coplan, & J. C. Bowker (Eds.), The handbook of solitude: Psychological perspectives on social isolation, social withdrawal, and being alone (pp. 150–166). Wiley-Blackwell. Goossens, L. (2014). Affinity for aloneness in adolescence and preference for solitude in childhood: Linking two research traditions. In R. J. Coplan, & J. C. Bowker (Eds.), The handbook of solitude: Psychological perspectives on social isolation, social withdrawal, and being alone (pp. 150–166). Wiley-Blackwell.
go back to reference Hipson, W. E., Coplan, R. J., Dufour, M., Watanabe, L. K., Wood, K. R., & Bowker, J. C. (2021). Time alone well spent? A person-oriented analysis of adolescents’ solitary activities. Social Development. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1111/sode.12518. Hipson, W. E., Coplan, R. J., Dufour, M., Watanabe, L. K., Wood, K. R., & Bowker, J. C. (2021). Time alone well spent? A person-oriented analysis of adolescents’ solitary activities. Social Development. Advance online publication. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1111/​sode.​12518.
go back to reference Kline, R. B. (2015). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. Guilford Press. Kline, R. B. (2015). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. Guilford Press.
go back to reference Kovacs, M. (1992). Children’s depressive symptoms inventory: Manual (p. Q8). North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems. Kovacs, M. (1992). Children’s depressive symptoms inventory: Manual (p. Q8). North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems.
go back to reference Liu, J., Chen, X., Zhou, Y., Li, D., Fu, R., & Coplan, R. J. (2017). Relations of shyness–sensitivity and unsociability with adjustment in middle childhood and early adolescence in suburban Chinese children. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 41(6), 681–687. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025416664195.CrossRef Liu, J., Chen, X., Zhou, Y., Li, D., Fu, R., & Coplan, R. J. (2017). Relations of shyness–sensitivity and unsociability with adjustment in middle childhood and early adolescence in suburban Chinese children. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 41(6), 681–687. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1177/​0165025416664195​.CrossRef
go back to reference Marcoen, A., & Goossens, L. (1993). Loneliness, attitude towards aloneness, and solitude: Age differences and developmental significance during adolescence. In S. Jackson & H. Rodriguez-Tomé (Eds.), Adolescence and its social worlds (pp. 197–227). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. Marcoen, A., & Goossens, L. (1993). Loneliness, attitude towards aloneness, and solitude: Age differences and developmental significance during adolescence. In S. Jackson & H. Rodriguez-Tomé (Eds.), Adolescence and its social worlds (pp. 197–227). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
go back to reference Muthén, L. K. & Muthén, B. O. (1998-2017). Mplus User’s Guide. Eighth Edition. Muthén & Muthén. Muthén, L. K. & Muthén, B. O. (1998-2017). Mplus User’s Guide. Eighth Edition. Muthén & Muthén.
go back to reference Rubin, K. H., Bukowski, W. M., & Bowker, J. C. (2015). Children in peer groups. In M. H. Bornstein, T. Leventhal, & R. M. Lerner (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology and developmental science, vol. 4: Ecological settings and processes (7th ed., pp. 175–222). Wiley. Rubin, K. H., Bukowski, W. M., & Bowker, J. C. (2015). Children in peer groups. In M. H. Bornstein, T. Leventhal, & R. M. Lerner (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology and developmental science, vol. 4: Ecological settings and processes (7th ed., pp. 175–222). Wiley.
Metagegevens
Titel
A Parallel Latent Growth Model of Affinity for Solitude and Depressive Symptoms among Chinese Early Adolescents
Auteurs
Na Hu
Gangmin Xu
Xi Chen
Muzi Yuan
Junsheng Liu
Robert J. Coplan
Dan Li
Xinyin Chen
Publicatiedatum
14-03-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 5/2022
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-022-01595-4

Andere artikelen Uitgave 5/2022

Journal of Youth and Adolescence 5/2022 Naar de uitgave