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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 5/2020

16-01-2020

A multimethod approach examining the relative contributions of optimism and pessimism to cardiovascular disease risk markers

Auteurs: John M. Felt, Michael A. Russell, John M. Ruiz, Jillian A. Johnson, Bert N. Uchino, Matthew Allison, Timothy W. Smith, Daniel J. Taylor, Chul Ahn, Joshua Smyth

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 5/2020

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Abstract

Although dispositional optimism and pessimism are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), their relative independence and unique contributions to CVD risk are unclear. This study addressed these issues by using multiple indicators of optimism and pessimism and linking them to objective risk factors for CVD. A diverse sample of adults (N = 300) completed baseline assessments (including global reports of optimism and pessimism), a 2-day/1-night EMA protocol with ambulatory blood pressure (BP) at 45-min intervals, and had inflammatory markers and carotid intima media imaging collected. EMA reports of momentary positive and negative expectations were averaged to form intraindividual (person) means of optimism and pessimism, respectively. Optimism and pessimism were only modestly correlated between- and within-assessment methods. Higher pessimism, regardless of assessment method, predicted both lower odds of whether BP dipping occurred and a smaller degree of dipping, but was unrelated to other biomarkers. Optimism was not uniquely predictive of CVD risk factors. Pessimism thus appears to exhibit stronger relative contribution to risk indicators of CVD than optimism.
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See Online Supplementary Materials (Tables S1–S3) for additional exploratory results including a composite SES covariate.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
A multimethod approach examining the relative contributions of optimism and pessimism to cardiovascular disease risk markers
Auteurs
John M. Felt
Michael A. Russell
John M. Ruiz
Jillian A. Johnson
Bert N. Uchino
Matthew Allison
Timothy W. Smith
Daniel J. Taylor
Chul Ahn
Joshua Smyth
Publicatiedatum
16-01-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 5/2020
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-020-00133-6