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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 5/2012

01-07-2012

A Multi-Domain Model of Risk Factors for ODD Symptoms in a Community Sample of 4-Year-Olds

Auteurs: John V. Lavigne, Karen R. Gouze, Joyce Hopkins, Fred B. Bryant, Susan A. LeBailly

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 5/2012

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Abstract

Few studies have been designed to assess the pathways by which risk factors are associated with symptoms of psychopathology across multiple domains, including contextual factors, parental depression, parenting, and child characteristics. The present study examines a cross-sectional model of risk factors for symptoms of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) in a diverse community sample of 796 four-year-old children. In the best-fitting model: (a) SES had indirect effects on contextual factors of stress and conflict, parental depression, and parenting factors including hostility, support, and scaffolding; (b) stress and conflict had both direct effects on ODD symptoms, and indirect effects via parental depression and parenting; (c) parenting had direct effects on ODD symptoms and indirect effects via child effortful control (EC), negative affect (NA) and sensory regulation (SR); (c) NA, EC, and SR had direct effects on symptom frequency, and attachment had indirect effects via EC, and SR. These results highlight the importance of using a multi-domain model to examine risk factors for symptoms of ODD, and also provide information about areas to target in treatment.
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Metagegevens
Titel
A Multi-Domain Model of Risk Factors for ODD Symptoms in a Community Sample of 4-Year-Olds
Auteurs
John V. Lavigne
Karen R. Gouze
Joyce Hopkins
Fred B. Bryant
Susan A. LeBailly
Publicatiedatum
01-07-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 5/2012
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-011-9603-6