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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2013

01-04-2013 | Original Paper

A Meta-Analysis of the Reading Comprehension Skills of Individuals on the Autism Spectrum

Auteurs: Heather M. Brown, Janis Oram-Cardy, Andrew Johnson

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2013

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Abstract

This meta-analysis examined 36 studies comparing autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and control groups in reading comprehension. Three moderators (semantic knowledge, decoding skill, PIQ) and two text types (high vs. low social knowledge) were examined as predictors of reading comprehension in ASD. The overall standardized mean difference for reading comprehension was g = −0.7 SD. The strongest individual predictors of reading comprehension were semantic knowledge (explaining 57 % of variance) and decoding skill (explaining 55 % of variance). Individuals with ASD were significantly worse at comprehending highly social than less social texts. Having ASD alone does not predict reading comprehension deficits. Instead, individual skills, especially language ability, must be considered before one can accurately predict whether a given individual with ASD will experience difficulties in reading comprehension.
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Metagegevens
Titel
A Meta-Analysis of the Reading Comprehension Skills of Individuals on the Autism Spectrum
Auteurs
Heather M. Brown
Janis Oram-Cardy
Andrew Johnson
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2013
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-012-1638-1