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This paper was submitted in partial fulfillment of the first author’s Ph.D. degree at Western University. Data from this paper were presented at the International Meeting for Autism Research in Toronto, Ontario in May 2012.
This meta-analysis examined 36 studies comparing autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and control groups in reading comprehension. Three moderators (semantic knowledge, decoding skill, PIQ) and two text types (high vs. low social knowledge) were examined as predictors of reading comprehension in ASD. The overall standardized mean difference for reading comprehension was g = −0.7 SD. The strongest individual predictors of reading comprehension were semantic knowledge (explaining 57 % of variance) and decoding skill (explaining 55 % of variance). Individuals with ASD were significantly worse at comprehending highly social than less social texts. Having ASD alone does not predict reading comprehension deficits. Instead, individual skills, especially language ability, must be considered before one can accurately predict whether a given individual with ASD will experience difficulties in reading comprehension.
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- A Meta-Analysis of the Reading Comprehension Skills of Individuals on the Autism Spectrum
Heather M. Brown
- Springer US