Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Young adults establish networks of friends for companionship, support, assistance, and resource exchange. Friends have been found to play an essential role in promoting young adults’ health and well-being. Yet, relatively little is known about how young adults cope with the death of a close friend. Studies of grief and bereavement in adulthood focus primarily on the death of a family member. In the present qualitative study, we examined the narrative accounts of 20 young adults (ages 21–34) to describe the prevalence and nature of continuing bonds and post-traumatic growth experiences in coping with the death of a close friend. Participants completed semi-structured interviews in which they described the circumstances of their friend’s death, the nature of their friendship, whether and how they continued their relationship with their deceased friend, and the impact of their friend’s death in their everyday lives. Overall, young adults articulated ways that they continued their relationship with the deceased friend that included personal communication, personal change, and homage activities. Post-traumatic growth experiences as a result of their friend’s death included behavioral changes and personal changes in outlook. The narratives of all participants reflected their simultaneous experience of continuing relationship ties with the deceased and a sense of personal growth as a result of their friend’s death. We report areas of overlap and distinctions between expressions of continuing bonds and post-traumatic growth in the lived experience of young adults coping with the loss of a friend. Implications of findings for future research are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Anthony, A. K., & McCabe, J. (2015). Friendship talk as identity work: defining the self through friend relationships. Symbolic Interaction, 38, 64–82. CrossRef
Arnett, J. J., Kloep, M., Hendry, L. B., & Tanner, J. L. (2011). Debating emerging adulthood: Stage or process. New York: Oxford Press. CrossRef
Butler, L. D. (2007). Growing pains: commentary of the field of posttraumatic growth and Hobfol and colleagures’ recent contributions to it. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 56, 367–378. CrossRef
Davis, C. G. (2008). Redefining goals and redefining self: a closer look at posttraumatic growth following loss. In M. S. Stroebe, R. O. Hansson, H. Schut & W. Stroebe (Eds.), Handbook of bereavement research and practice: advances in theory and intervention (pp. 309–323). Washington DC: APA Press. CrossRef
Demir, M., Orthel, H., & Andelin, A. K. (2014). Friendship and happiness. In S. David, I. Boniwell & A. Ayers (Eds.), Oxford handbook of happiness (pp. 860–872). London: Oxford University Press.
Doka, K. J. (2008). Disenfranchised grief in historical and cultural perspectives. In M. S. Stroebe, R. O. Hansson, H. Schut & W. Stroebe (Eds.), Handbook of bereavement research and practice: advances in theory and intervention (pp. 223–240). Washington DC: APA Press. CrossRef
Field, N. P. (2008). Whether to relinquish or maintain a bond with the deceased. In M. S. Stroebe, R. O. Hansson, H. Schut & W. Stroebe (Eds.), Handbook of bereavement research and practice: advances in theory and intervention (pp. 113–132). Washington DC: APA Press. CrossRef
Hwang, S. (2008). Utilizing qualitative data analysis software: a review of Atlas.ti. Social Science Computer Review, 26, 519–527. CrossRef
Kauffman, J. (Ed.) (2010). The shame of death, grief, and trauma. New York: Routledge.
Klass, D. (1993). Solace and immortality: bereaved parents’ continuing bond with their children. Death Studies, 17, 343–368. CrossRef
Kochanek, K. D., Murphy, S. L., Xu, J., & Tejada-Vera, B. (2016). Deaths: final data for 2014. National Vital Statistics Reports, 65, 1–122. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/deaths.htm. PubMed
Kubler-Ross, E. (1997). On death and dying: Wwhat the dying have to teach doctors, nurses, clergy, and their own families. London, UK: Travistock.
Marwit, S. J., & Klass, D. (1996). Grief and the role of inner representation of the deceased. In D. Klass, P. R. Silverman & S. L. Nickman (Eds.), Continuing bonds: new understandings of grief (pp. 297–308). Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis.
Miles, M., Huberman, A., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative data analysis: a methods sourcebook. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Neimeyer, R. A., Prigerson, H. G., & Davies, B. (2002). Mourning and meaning. American Behavioral Scientist, 46, 235–251. CrossRef
Neimeyer, R. A., & Sands, D. C. (2008). Meaning reconstruction in bereavement: from principles to practice. In M. S. Stroebe, R. O. Hansson, H. Schut & W. Stroebe (Eds.), Handbook of bereavement research and practice: advances in theory and intervention. Washington DC: APA Press.
Park, C. L. (2005). Religion as a meaning-making framework in coping with life stress. Journal of Social Issues, 61, 707–729. CrossRef
Rawlins, W. K. (1994). Being there and growing apart: Sustaining friendships during adulthood. In D. J. Canary & L. Stafford (Eds.), Communication and relational maintenance (pp. 273–292). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Robson, P., & Walter, T. (2012–2013). Hierarchies of loss: a critique of disenfranchised grief. Omega, 66, 97–119. PubMed
Sklar, F., & Hartley, S. F. (1990). Close friends as survivors: bereavement patterns in a “hidden” population. Omega, 21, 103–112.
Stein, C. H., Abraham, K. M., Bonar, E. E., McAuliffe, C. E., Fogo, W. R., Faigin, D. A., Abu Raiya, H., & Potokar, D. N. (2009). Making meaning from personal loss: religious, benefit finding, and goal-oriented attributions. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 14, 83–100. CrossRef
Stroebe, M., & Schut, H. (2005). To continue or relinquish bonds: a review of consequences for the bereaved. Death Studies, 29, 47–494. CrossRef
- A Matter of Life and Death: Understanding Continuing Bonds and Post-traumatic Growth When Young Adults Experience the Loss of a Close Friend
Catherine H. Stein
Catherine E. Petrowski
Sabina M. Gonzales
Gina M. Mattei
Jessica Hartl Majcher
Maren W. Froemming
Sarah C. Greenberg
Erin B. Dulek
Matthew F. Benoit
- Springer US