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Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 4/2022

30-08-2021

A longitudinal view of successful aging with HIV: role of resilience and environmental factors

Auteurs: Nancy E. Mayo, Marie-Josée Brouillette, Lyne Nadeau, Nandini Dendukuri, Marianne Harris, Fiona Smaill, Graham Smith, Réjean Thomas, Lesley K. Fellows, Investigators from the Positive Brain Health Now Study

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 4/2022

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to estimate the extent to which people aging with HIV meet criteria for successful aging as operationalized through HRQL and maintain this status over time. A second objective is to identify factors that place people at promise for continued successful aging, including environmental and resilience factors.

Methods

Participants were members of the Positive Brain Health Now (BHN) cohort. People ≥ 50 years (n = 513) were classified as aging successfully if they were at or above norms on 7 or 8 of 8 health-related quality of life domains from the RAND-36. Group-based trajectory analysis, regression tree analysis, a form of machine learning, and logistic regression were applied to identify factors predicting successful aging.

Results

73 (14·2%) met criteria for successful aging at entry and did not change status over time. The most influential factor was loneliness which split the sample into two groups with the prevalence of successful aging 28·4% in the “almost never” lonely compared to 4·6% in the “sometimes/often” lonely group. Other influential factors were feeling safe, social network, motivation, stigma, and socioeconomic status. These factors identified 17 sub-groups with at least 30 members with the proportions classified as aging successfully ranging from 0 to 79·4%. The nine variables important to classifying successful aging had a predictive accuracy of 0.862. Self-reported cognition but not cognitive test performance improved this accuracy to 0.895. The two groups defined by successful aging status did not differ on age, sex or viral load, nadir and current.

Conclusion

The results indicate the important role of social determinants of health in successful aging among people living with HIV.

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Metagegevens
Titel
A longitudinal view of successful aging with HIV: role of resilience and environmental factors
Auteurs
Nancy E. Mayo
Marie-Josée Brouillette
Lyne Nadeau
Nandini Dendukuri
Marianne Harris
Fiona Smaill
Graham Smith
Réjean Thomas
Lesley K. Fellows
Investigators from the Positive Brain Health Now Study
Publicatiedatum
30-08-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 4/2022
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-021-02970-7