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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 2/2006

01-04-2006

A Longitudinal Study of Relational Aggression, Physical Aggression, and Children's Social–Psychological Adjustment

Auteurs: Nicki R. Crick, Jamie M. Ostrov, Nicole E. Werner

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 2/2006

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Abstract

Although great strides have recently been made in our understanding of relational aggression and its consequences, one significant limitation has been the lack of prospective studies. The present research addressed this issue by identifying and assessing groups of relationally aggressive, physically aggressive, relationally plus physically aggressive (co-morbid), and nonaggressive children during their third grade year in elementary school and then reassessing them a year later, during fourth-grade (N = 224, 113 girls). Two aspects of social–psychological adjustment were assessed during both assessment periods including internalizing difficulties (i.e., withdrawal, depression/anxiety, and somatic complaints) and externalizing problems (i.e., aggressive behavior, delinquency). It was revealed that the strongest predictor of future social–psychological adjustment problems and increases in these problems from third to fourth was the combination of relational and physical aggression. Relational aggression also contributed unique information, relative to physical aggression, in the prediction of future maladjustment. Implications of these findings for future research and prevention efforts, particularly for aggressive girls, are discussed.
Voetnoten
1
Third graders were of interest in this research; however, some of the targeted classrooms in RS1 were mixed grade and thus some second and fourth graders were included in the peer assessments.
 
2
As with RS1, RS2 also included some mixed-grade classrooms and thus, although all of the target children were in fourth grade at Time 2, peer informants ranged from third to sixth grade.
 
3
To examine the clinical relevance of the obtained findings, we compared the means for the relational aggression groups and the physical aggression (from the ANOVAS) reported in Tables II--IV to the means obtained by Achenbach (reported in the TRF 1991 manual) for a sample of 1,275 children referred for mental services due to behavioral/emotional problems. In all three of the tables we have indicated those means that exceed the average for Achenbach's referred sample (an indicator of clinical salience).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
A Longitudinal Study of Relational Aggression, Physical Aggression, and Children's Social–Psychological Adjustment
Auteurs
Nicki R. Crick
Jamie M. Ostrov
Nicole E. Werner
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2006
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 2/2006
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-005-9009-4

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