Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 2/2006

01-04-2006 | Original Article

A Longitudinal Investigation of Maternal and Child ‘Anxious Cognitions’

Auteurs: Cathy Creswell, Thomas G. O’Connor, Chris R. Brewin

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 2/2006

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Overestimation of threat and underestimation of coping have been frequently reported amongst anxious adults and children. The current study examines the longitudinal relationship between mothers’ anxious cognitions and expectations about their child, and children's anxious cognitions. 54 children (aged 10–11 years) and their mothers reported on their interpretation of ambiguous scenarios at two time points. Mothers also reported on their expectations about their child's reaction to ambiguous situations. Significant cross-sectional associations were found between mother and child anticipation of distress. Associations were most consistent between mothers’ expectations and children's cognitions. Furthermore, based on regression analyses, mothers’ expectations predicted change in children's anxious cognitions over time. Evidence for a reciprocal relationship, that child cognitions predict change in mothers’ expectations, was found for girls. The results provide empirical support for potential influences on the development of children's ‘anxious cognitive style,’ and suggest targets for preventing and reducing maladaptive cognitions in children.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Literatuur
go back to reference Alloy, L. B. (2001). The developmental origins of cognitive vulnerability to depression: Negative interpersonal context leads to personal vulnerability. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25, 349–351. CrossRef Alloy, L. B. (2001). The developmental origins of cognitive vulnerability to depression: Negative interpersonal context leads to personal vulnerability. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25, 349–351. CrossRef
go back to reference Alloy, L. B., Abramson, L. Y., Tashman, N. A., Berrebbi, D. S., Hogan, M. E., Whitehouse, W. G., et al. (2001). Developmental origins of cognitive vulnerability to depression: Parenting, cognitive, and inferential feedback styles of the parents of individuals at high and low cognitive risk for depression. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25, 397–423. CrossRef Alloy, L. B., Abramson, L. Y., Tashman, N. A., Berrebbi, D. S., Hogan, M. E., Whitehouse, W. G., et al. (2001). Developmental origins of cognitive vulnerability to depression: Parenting, cognitive, and inferential feedback styles of the parents of individuals at high and low cognitive risk for depression. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25, 397–423. CrossRef
go back to reference Andrews, G., Stewart, G. W., Allen, R., & Henderson, A. S. (1990). The genetics of six neurotic disorders: A twin study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 19, 23–29. PubMedCrossRef Andrews, G., Stewart, G. W., Allen, R., & Henderson, A. S. (1990). The genetics of six neurotic disorders: A twin study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 19, 23–29. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Barrett, P. M., Dadds, M. M., & Rapee, R. M. (1996). Family treatment of childhood anxiety: A controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 333–342. PubMedCrossRef Barrett, P. M., Dadds, M. M., & Rapee, R. M. (1996). Family treatment of childhood anxiety: A controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 333–342. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Barrett, P. M., Rapee, R. M., Dadds, M. M., & Ryan, S. M. (1996). Family enhancement of cognitive style in anxious and aggressive children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24, 187–203. PubMedCrossRef Barrett, P. M., Rapee, R. M., Dadds, M. M., & Ryan, S. M. (1996). Family enhancement of cognitive style in anxious and aggressive children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24, 187–203. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Beck, A. T., Emery, G., & Greenberg, R. L. (1985). Anxiety disorders and phobias: A cognitive perspective. New York: Basic Books. Beck, A. T., Emery, G., & Greenberg, R. L. (1985). Anxiety disorders and phobias: A cognitive perspective. New York: Basic Books.
go back to reference Bogels, S. M., van Dongen, L., & Muris, P. (2003). Family influences on dysfunctional thinking in anxious children. Journal of Infant and Child Development, 12, 243–252. CrossRef Bogels, S. M., van Dongen, L., & Muris, P. (2003). Family influences on dysfunctional thinking in anxious children. Journal of Infant and Child Development, 12, 243–252. CrossRef
go back to reference Brewin, C. R., Andrews, B., & Furnham, A. (1996). Intergenerational links and positive self-cognitions: Parental correlates of optimism, learned resourcefulness, and self-evaluation. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 20, 247–263. CrossRef Brewin, C. R., Andrews, B., & Furnham, A. (1996). Intergenerational links and positive self-cognitions: Parental correlates of optimism, learned resourcefulness, and self-evaluation. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 20, 247–263. CrossRef
go back to reference Butler, G., & Mathews, A. (1983). Cognitive processes in anxiety. Advances in Behavior Research and Therapy, 5, 51–60. CrossRef Butler, G., & Mathews, A. (1983). Cognitive processes in anxiety. Advances in Behavior Research and Therapy, 5, 51–60. CrossRef
go back to reference Cobham, V. E., Dadds, M. M., & Spence, S. H. (1999). Anxious children and their parents: What do they expect? Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 28, 220–231. PubMedCrossRef Cobham, V. E., Dadds, M. M., & Spence, S. H. (1999). Anxious children and their parents: What do they expect? Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 28, 220–231. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cole, D. A., Jacquez, F. M., & Maschman, T. L. (2001). Social origins of depressive cognitions: A longitudinal study of self-perceived competence in children. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25, 377–395. CrossRef Cole, D. A., Jacquez, F. M., & Maschman, T. L. (2001). Social origins of depressive cognitions: A longitudinal study of self-perceived competence in children. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25, 377–395. CrossRef
go back to reference Cole, D. A., Maxwell, S. E., & Martin, J. M. (1997). Reflected self-appraisals: Strength and structure of the relation of teacher, peer and parent ratings to children's self-perceived competencies. Journal of Educational Psychology, 89, 55–70. CrossRef Cole, D. A., Maxwell, S. E., & Martin, J. M. (1997). Reflected self-appraisals: Strength and structure of the relation of teacher, peer and parent ratings to children's self-perceived competencies. Journal of Educational Psychology, 89, 55–70. CrossRef
go back to reference Cooley, C. H. (1902). Human nature and the social order. New York: Scribner. Cooley, C. H. (1902). Human nature and the social order. New York: Scribner.
go back to reference Creswell, C. S. (2004). The development of anxious cognitions in children. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of London, London. Creswell, C. S. (2004). The development of anxious cognitions in children. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of London, London.
go back to reference Creswell, C., & O’Connor, T. (in press). ‘Anxious cognitions’ in children: An exploration of associations and mechanisms. British Journal of Developmental Psychology. Creswell, C., & O’Connor, T. (in press). ‘Anxious cognitions’ in children: An exploration of associations and mechanisms. British Journal of Developmental Psychology.
go back to reference Creswell, C. A., Schneiring, C., & Rapee, R. M. (2005). Threat interpretation in anxious children and their mothers: Comparison with nonclinical children and the effects of treatment. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43(10), 1375–1381. Creswell, C. A., Schneiring, C., & Rapee, R. M. (2005). Threat interpretation in anxious children and their mothers: Comparison with nonclinical children and the effects of treatment. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43(10), 1375–1381.
go back to reference Dadds, M. M., & Barrett, P. M. (1996). Family processes in child and adolescent anxiety and depression. Behaviour Change, 13, 231–239. Dadds, M. M., & Barrett, P. M. (1996). Family processes in child and adolescent anxiety and depression. Behaviour Change, 13, 231–239.
go back to reference Eley, T. C., & Stevenson, J. (1999). Exploring the covariation between anxiety and depression symptoms: A genetic analysis of the effects of age and sex. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 1273–1284. PubMedCrossRef Eley, T. C., & Stevenson, J. (1999). Exploring the covariation between anxiety and depression symptoms: A genetic analysis of the effects of age and sex. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 1273–1284. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Feigon, S. A., Waldman, I. D., Levy, F., & Hay, D. A. (1997). Genetic and environmental influences on various anxiety disorder symptoms in children. Behavior Genetics, 27, 588. Feigon, S. A., Waldman, I. D., Levy, F., & Hay, D. A. (1997). Genetic and environmental influences on various anxiety disorder symptoms in children. Behavior Genetics, 27, 588.
go back to reference Fincham, F. D., & Cain, K. M. (1986). Learned helplessness in humans: A developmental analysis. Developmental Review, 6, 301–333. CrossRef Fincham, F. D., & Cain, K. M. (1986). Learned helplessness in humans: A developmental analysis. Developmental Review, 6, 301–333. CrossRef
go back to reference Garber, J., & Flynn, C. (2001). Predictors of depressive cognitions in young adolescents. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25, 353–376. CrossRef Garber, J., & Flynn, C. (2001). Predictors of depressive cognitions in young adolescents. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25, 353–376. CrossRef
go back to reference Kaslow, N. J., Rehm, L. P., & Siegel, A. W. (1984). Social-cognitive and cognitive correlates of depression in childhood. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 12, 605–620. PubMedCrossRef Kaslow, N. J., Rehm, L. P., & Siegel, A. W. (1984). Social-cognitive and cognitive correlates of depression in childhood. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 12, 605–620. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kortlander, E., Kendall, P. C., & Panichelli-Mindel, S. M. (1997). Maternal expectations and attributions about coping in anxious children. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 11, 297–315. PubMedCrossRef Kortlander, E., Kendall, P. C., & Panichelli-Mindel, S. M. (1997). Maternal expectations and attributions about coping in anxious children. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 11, 297–315. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Krohne, H. W., & Hock, M. (1991). Relationships between restrictive mother-child interactions and anxiety of the child. Anxiety Research, 4, 109–124. Krohne, H. W., & Hock, M. (1991). Relationships between restrictive mother-child interactions and anxiety of the child. Anxiety Research, 4, 109–124.
go back to reference Last, C. G., Hersen, M., Kazdin, A. E., Francis, G., & Grubb, H. J. (1987). Psychiatric illness in the mothers of anxious children. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 1580–1583. PubMed Last, C. G., Hersen, M., Kazdin, A. E., Francis, G., & Grubb, H. J. (1987). Psychiatric illness in the mothers of anxious children. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 1580–1583. PubMed
go back to reference Last, C. G., Hersen, M., Kazdin, A. E., Orvaschel, H., & Perrin, S. (1991). Anxiety disorders in children and their families. Archives of General Psychiatry, 48, 928–936. PubMed Last, C. G., Hersen, M., Kazdin, A. E., Orvaschel, H., & Perrin, S. (1991). Anxiety disorders in children and their families. Archives of General Psychiatry, 48, 928–936. PubMed
go back to reference Mathews, A., Richards, A., & Eysenck, M. (1989). Interpretation of homophones related to threat in anxiety states. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 98, 31–34. PubMedCrossRef Mathews, A., Richards, A., & Eysenck, M. (1989). Interpretation of homophones related to threat in anxiety states. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 98, 31–34. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mead, G. H. (1934). Mind, self and society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Mead, G. H. (1934). Mind, self and society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
go back to reference MacBrayer, E. K., Milich, R., & Hundley, M. (2003). Attributional biases in aggressive children and their mothers. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 112, 698–708. PubMedCrossRef MacBrayer, E. K., Milich, R., & Hundley, M. (2003). Attributional biases in aggressive children and their mothers. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 112, 698–708. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Miller, S. A. (1988). Parents’ beliefs about children's cognitive development. Child Development, 59, 259–285. CrossRef Miller, S. A. (1988). Parents’ beliefs about children's cognitive development. Child Development, 59, 259–285. CrossRef
go back to reference Muris, P., Luermans, J., Merckelbach, H., & Mayer, B. (2000). ‘Danger is lurking everywhere’. The relation between anxiety and threat perception abnormalities in normal children. Journal of Behavior Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry, 31, 123–136. CrossRef Muris, P., Luermans, J., Merckelbach, H., & Mayer, B. (2000). ‘Danger is lurking everywhere’. The relation between anxiety and threat perception abnormalities in normal children. Journal of Behavior Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry, 31, 123–136. CrossRef
go back to reference Oliver, J. M., & Berger, L. S. (1992). Depression, parent-off-spring relationships and cognitive vulnerability. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 7, 415–429. Oliver, J. M., & Berger, L. S. (1992). Depression, parent-off-spring relationships and cognitive vulnerability. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 7, 415–429.
go back to reference Rapee, R. M. (2001). The development of generalized anxiety. In M. W. Vasey & M. M. Dadds (Eds.), The developmental psychopathology of anxiety (pp. 1045–1095). New York: Oxford University Press. Rapee, R. M. (2001). The development of generalized anxiety. In M. W. Vasey & M. M. Dadds (Eds.), The developmental psychopathology of anxiety (pp. 1045–1095). New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Robinson, N. S., Garber, J., & Hilsman, R. (1995). Cognitions and stress: Direct and moderating effects on depressive versus externalising symptoms during the junior high school transition. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104, 453–463. PubMedCrossRef Robinson, N. S., Garber, J., & Hilsman, R. (1995). Cognitions and stress: Direct and moderating effects on depressive versus externalising symptoms during the junior high school transition. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104, 453–463. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rubin, K. H., Cheah, C. S. L., & Fox, N. (2001). Emotion regulation, parenting and display of social reticence in preschoolers. Early Education and Development, 12, 97–115. CrossRef Rubin, K. H., Cheah, C. S. L., & Fox, N. (2001). Emotion regulation, parenting and display of social reticence in preschoolers. Early Education and Development, 12, 97–115. CrossRef
go back to reference Seligman, M. E. P., Peterson, C., Kaslow, N. J., Tanenbaum, R. L., Alloy, L. B., & Abramson, L. Y. (1984). Attributional style and depressive symptoms among children. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 93, 235–238. PubMedCrossRef Seligman, M. E. P., Peterson, C., Kaslow, N. J., Tanenbaum, R. L., Alloy, L. B., & Abramson, L. Y. (1984). Attributional style and depressive symptoms among children. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 93, 235–238. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Shrout, P. E., & Fleiss, J. L. (1979). Intraclass correlations: Uses in assessing rater reliability. Psychological Bulletin, 8, 420–428. CrossRef Shrout, P. E., & Fleiss, J. L. (1979). Intraclass correlations: Uses in assessing rater reliability. Psychological Bulletin, 8, 420–428. CrossRef
go back to reference Stark, K. D., Schmidt, K. L., & Joiner, T. E. (1996). Cognitive triad: Relationship to depressive symptoms, parents’ cognitive triad, and perceived parental messages. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24, 615–631. PubMedCrossRef Stark, K. D., Schmidt, K. L., & Joiner, T. E. (1996). Cognitive triad: Relationship to depressive symptoms, parents’ cognitive triad, and perceived parental messages. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24, 615–631. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Teti, D. M., & Gelfand, D. M. (1991). Behavioral competence among mothers of infants in the first year: The mediational role of maternal self-efficacy. Child Development, 62, 918–929. PubMedCrossRef Teti, D. M., & Gelfand, D. M. (1991). Behavioral competence among mothers of infants in the first year: The mediational role of maternal self-efficacy. Child Development, 62, 918–929. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Turk, E., & Bry, B. H. (1992). Adolescents’ and parents’ explanatory styles and parents’ causal explanations about their adolescents. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 16, 349–357. CrossRef Turk, E., & Bry, B. H. (1992). Adolescents’ and parents’ explanatory styles and parents’ causal explanations about their adolescents. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 16, 349–357. CrossRef
go back to reference Turner, S. M., Beidel, D. C., Roberson-Nay, R., & Tervo, K. (2003). Parenting behaviors in parents with anxiety disorders. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41, 541–554. PubMedCrossRef Turner, S. M., Beidel, D. C., Roberson-Nay, R., & Tervo, K. (2003). Parenting behaviors in parents with anxiety disorders. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41, 541–554. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Verhulst, F. C. (2001). Community and epidemiological aspects of anxiety disorders in children. In W. K. Silverman & P. D. A. Treffers (Eds.), Anxiety disorders in children and adolescents: Research, assessment and intervention (pp. 273–292). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Verhulst, F. C. (2001). Community and epidemiological aspects of anxiety disorders in children. In W. K. Silverman & P. D. A. Treffers (Eds.), Anxiety disorders in children and adolescents: Research, assessment and intervention (pp. 273–292). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Weissman, M. M., Leckman, J. F., Merikangas, K. R., Gammon, D., & Prusoff, B. A. (1984). Depression and anxiety disorders in parents and children. Archives of General Psychiatry, 41, 845–852. PubMed Weissman, M. M., Leckman, J. F., Merikangas, K. R., Gammon, D., & Prusoff, B. A. (1984). Depression and anxiety disorders in parents and children. Archives of General Psychiatry, 41, 845–852. PubMed
go back to reference Wood, J. J., McLeod, B. D., Sigman, M., Hwang, W., & Chu, B. C. (2003). Parenting and childhood anxiety: theory, empirical findings, and future directions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44, 134–151. PubMedCrossRef Wood, J. J., McLeod, B. D., Sigman, M., Hwang, W., & Chu, B. C. (2003). Parenting and childhood anxiety: theory, empirical findings, and future directions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44, 134–151. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
A Longitudinal Investigation of Maternal and Child ‘Anxious Cognitions’
Auteurs
Cathy Creswell
Thomas G. O’Connor
Chris R. Brewin
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2006
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 2/2006
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-006-9021-1