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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 2/2016

12-09-2015

A Further Evaluation of the Triarchic Conceptualization of Psychopathy in College Students

Auteurs: M. Brent Donnellan, S. Alexandra Burt

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 2/2016

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Abstract

The current study provides additional information about the nomological networks of the personality dimensions associated with the triarchic conceptualization of psychopathy – boldness, meanness, and disinhibition (Patrick et al. 2009). All analyses were based on a sample of college students (N = 633 to 637; 50 % women). We evaluated correlations between measures of the triarchic constructs and measures of the facets and domains of the Five-Factor Model (FFM). We also evaluated associations between triarchic constructs and measures of self-esteem, narcissism, aggression and antisocial behavior and tested whether the triarchic measures increment measures of the FFM for predicting these variables. We replicated and extended previous studies concerning the correlates of boldness, meanness, and disinhibition. We also found evidence that measures of the triarchic dimensions incremented measures of the FFM, especially when considering self-reported antisocial behavior.
Voetnoten
1
Complete tables reporting mean-level sex differences are available upon request. Results were consistent with sex differences reported in the existing literature (e.g., men score higher than women on the TriPM scales; see Poy et al. 2014). We also found inconsistent evidence for gender as a moderator, results which were further difficult to interpret in light of the inconsistencies in the literature and lack of theoretically meaningful predictions. Descriptions of these analyses are also available upon request.
 
2
We identified items on the Disinhibition and Meanness scales that might contribute to predictor-criterion overlap with respect to aggression and antisocial behavior. We selected 9 Disinhibition items and 6 Meanness items. Correlations between these scales and the aggression/antisocial behavior variables were attenuated (e.g., average of the absolute value of the difference was 0.13 for Disinhibition and 0.10 for Meanness) but the pattern of statistical significance was unchanged. Tests of incremental validity were the same in terms of statistical significance but the magnitude of the R2 change was slightly reduced. The two potentially noteworthy differences were that the size of the increment for predicting reactive and pure proactive aggression from the TriPM scales above the 30 FFM facets was below the 0.0225 threshold. Thus, we do not think predictor-criterion overlap is the sole explanation of our results.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
A Further Evaluation of the Triarchic Conceptualization of Psychopathy in College Students
Auteurs
M. Brent Donnellan
S. Alexandra Burt
Publicatiedatum
12-09-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 2/2016
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-015-9512-z