Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10803-015-2499-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Although misconceptions associated with ASD are apparent worldwide, they may differ across cultures. This study compares knowledge and stigma associated with ASD in a country with limited autism resources, Lebanon, and a country with substantial autism resources, the United States (US). College students in the US (N = 346) and Lebanon (N = 329) completed assessments of knowledge and stigma associated with ASD before and after an online ASD training. Although students in the US exhibited higher overall knowledge and lower stigma towards ASD, certain misconceptions were more apparent in the US than in Lebanon. Participation in the training was associated with decreased stigma and increased knowledge in both countries. Thus, online training may be useful for increasing understanding about ASD internationally.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Al-Farsi, Y. M., Al-Sharbati, M. M., Al-Farsi, O. A., Al-Shafaee, M. S., Brooks, D. R., & Waly, M. I. (2011). Brief report: Prevalence of Autistic spectrum disorders in the sultanate of Oman. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41(6), 821–825. doi: 10.1007/s10803-010-1094-8. PubMedCrossRef
Alqahtani, M. M. (2012). Understanding autism in Saudi Arabia: A qualitative analysis of the community and cultural context. Journal of Pediatric Neurology, 10(1), 15–22. doi: 10.3233/JPN-2012-0527.
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Bakare, M. O., Ebigbo, P. O., Agomoh, A. O., Eaton, J., Onyeama, G. M., Okonkwo, K. O., et al. (2009). Knowledge about childhood autism and opinion among healthcare workers on availability of facilities and law caring for the needs and rights of children with childhood autism and other developmental disorders in Nigeria. BMC Pediatrics,. doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-9-12. PubMedCentralPubMed
Barnhill, G. P. (2014). Supporting students with Asperger Syndrome on college campuses: Current practices. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities,. doi: 10.1177/1088357614523121.
Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Skinner, R., Martin, J., & Clubley, E. (2001). The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): Evidence from asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism, malesand females, scientists and mathematicians. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31(1), 5–17. doi: 10.1023/A:1005653411471. PubMedCrossRef
Basabe, N., & Ros, M. (2005). Cultural dimensions and social behavior correlates: Individualism-collectivism and power distance. International Review of Social Psychology, 18(1), 189–225. Retrieved from http://www.newunionism.net/library/workplace%20democracy/Basabe%20and%20Ros%20-%20Individualism-Collectivism%20and%20Power%20Distance%20-%202005.pdf.
Baxter, A. J., Brugha, T. S., Erskine, H. E., Scheurer, R. W., Vos, T., & Scott, J. G. (2014). The epidemiology and global burden of autism spectrum disorders. Psychological Medicine,. doi: 10.1017/S003329171400172X.
Bogardus, E. S. (1933). A social distance scale. Sociology & Social Research, 17, 265–271.
Campbell, J. M., & Barger, B. D. (2014). Peers’ knowledge about and attitudes towards students with autism spectrum disorders. In V. B. Patel, V. R. Preedy, & C. R. Martin (Eds.), Comprehensive Guide to Autism (pp. 247–261). New York: Springer. CrossRef
Corrigan, P., Markowitz, F. E., Watson, A., Rowan, D., & Kubiak, M. A. (2003). An attribution model of public discrimination towards persons with mental illness. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 162–179. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/1519806.
Corrigan, P. W., & Penn, D. L. (1999). Lessons from social psychology on discrediting psychiatric stigma. American Psychologist 54, 765–776. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/1519806.
Dehnavi, S. R., Malekpour, M., Faramarzi, S., & Talebi, H. (2011). The share of internalized stigma and autism quotient in predicting the mental health of mothers with autism children in Iran. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(20), 251–259. http://www.ijbssnet.com/journals/Vol_2_No_20_November_2011/27.pdf.
Durkin, M. S., Maenner, M. J., Meaney, F. J., Levy, S. E., DiGuiseppi, C., Nicholas, J. S., et al. (2010). Socioeconomic inequality in the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder: Evidence from a US cross-sectional study. PLoS One, 5(7), e11551. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0011551. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
Gelbar, N. W., Smith, I., & Reichow, B. (2014). Systematic review of articles describing experience and supports of individuals with autism enrolled in college and university programs. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1–9. doi: 10.1007/s10803-014-2135-5.
Gillespie-Lynch, K., Brooks, P. J., Someki, F., Obeid, R., Shane-Simpson, C., Kapp, S. K., et al. (2015). Changing college students’ conceptions of autism: An online training to increase knowledge and decrease stigma. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,. doi: 10.1007/s10803-015-2422-9.
Goffman, E. (1963). Stigma: Notes on the management of spoiled identity. New York: Simon & Schuster Inc.
Grinker, R. R., Yeargin-Allsopp, M., & Boyle, C. (2011). Culture and autism spectrum disorders: The impact on prevalence and recognition. In D. G. Amaral, G. Dawson, & D. H. Geschwind (Eds.), Autism spectrum disorders (pp. 112–136). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Helps, S., Newsom-Davis, I. C., & Callias, M. (1999). Autism: The Teacher’s View. Autism, 3(3), 287–298. CrossRef
Holmes, E. P., Corrigan, P. W., Williams, P., Canar, J., & Kubiak, M. A. (1999). Changing attitudes about schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 25(3), 447–456. http://schizophreniabulletin.oxfordjournals.org.ezproxy.gc.cuny.edu/content/25/3/447.full.pdf.
Igwe, M. N., Bakare, M. O., Agomoh, A. O., Onyeama, G. M., & Okonkwo, K. O. (2010). Research Factors influencing knowledge about childhood autism among final year undergraduate Medical, Nursing and Psychology students of University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria. Italian Journal of Pediatrics, 36, 44–50. http://www.ijponline.net/content/36/1/44.
Johnson, H. M., & Levine, T. P. (2014). Health care and services for individuals with ASDs: Disparities and transitions. In V. B. Patel, V. R. Preedy, & C. R. Martin (Eds.), Comprehensive Guide to Autism (pp. 1195–1217). New York: Springer. CrossRef
Kharti, G. K., Onta, S. R., Tiwari, S., & Choulagai, B. P. (2011). Knowledge and management practices of pediatricians about autism spectrum disorder in Kathmandu Nepal. Journal of Nepal Pediatric Society, 31(2), 98–104. doi: 10.3126/jnps.v31i2.4640.
Koyama, T., Tachimori, H., Sawamura, K., Koyama, A., Naganuma, Y., Makino, H., & Takeshima, T. (2008). Mental health literacy of autism spectrum disorders in the Japanese general population. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 44(8), 651–657. doi: 10.1007/s00127-008-0485-z. PubMedCrossRef
Long, J. S., & Freese, J. (2006). Regression models for categorical dependent variables using Stata. College Station, TX: Stata press.
Mahoney, D. (2008). College students’ attitudes toward individuals with autism. Dissertation Abstracts International, 68(11-B), 7672.
Mandell, D. S., Wiggins, L. D., Carpenter, L. A., Daniels, J., DiGuiseppi, C., Durkin, M. S., et al. (2009). Racial/ethnic disparities in the identification of children with autism spectrum disorders. American Journal of Public Health, 99(3), 493–498. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.131243. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
Matson, J. L., Worley, J. A., Fodstad, J. C., Chung, K. M., Suh, D., Jhin, H. K., et al. (2011). A multinational study examining the cross cultural differences in reported symptoms of autism spectrum disorders: Israel, South Korea, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5(4), 1598–1604. doi: 10.1016/j.rasd.2011.03.007. CrossRef
Matthews, N. L., Ly, A. R., & Goldberg, W. A. (2014). College Students’ Perceptions of Peers with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1–10. doi: 10.1007/s10803-014-2195-6.
Nagata, K. (2008). Disability and development: Is the rights model of disability valid in the Arab region? An evidence-based field survey in Lebanon and Jordan. Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, 19 (1), 60–78. http://civicagenda.org/cskc/sites/default/files/resources/diability_lebanon_jordan.pdf.
OARC (2012) National Institute of Mental Health and Thomson Reuters, Inc. on behalf of the Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC). IACC/OARC Autism Spectrum Disorder Research Publications Analysis Report: The Global Landscape of Autism Research. 2012. Retrieved from the Department of Health and Human Services Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee websit e: http://iacc.hhs.gov/publications-analysis/july2012/index.shtml.
Probst, P. (1998). Child health related cognitions of parents with autistic children: A cross-national exploratory study. Family and Family Therapy in International Perspective, 461–483.
Shtayermman, O. (2009). An exploratory study of the stigma associated with a diagnosis of Asperger’s Syndrome: The mental health impact on the adolescents and young adults diagnosed with a disability with a social nature. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 19(3), 298–313. CrossRef
Spooner, B. (1970). The evil eye in the Middle East. In M. Douglas (Ed.), Witchcraft confessions and accusations (pp. 311–320). New York: Routledge.
Taha, G. R., & Hussein, H. (2014). Autism spectrum disorders in developing countries: Lessons from the Arab World. In V. B. Patel, V. R. Preedy, & C. R. Martin (Eds.), Comprehensive guide to Autism (pp. 2509–2531). New York: Springer. CrossRef
Wigley, C. J. (2013). Dispelling three myths about Likert scales in communication trait research. Communication Research Reports, 30(4), 366–372. CrossRef
- A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Knowledge and Stigma Associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder Among College Students in Lebanon and the United States
Patricia J. Brooks
- Springer US