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Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 1/2007

01-08-2007 | Original Paper

A comparison of three sets of criteria for determining the presence of differential item functioning using ordinal logistic regression

Auteurs: Paul K. Crane, Laura E. Gibbons, Katja Ocepek-Welikson, Karon Cook, David Cella, Kaavya Narasimhalu, Ron D. Hays, Jeanne A. Teresi

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | bijlage 1/2007

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Abstract

Background

Several techniques have been developed to detect differential item functioning (DIF), including ordinal logistic regression (OLR). This study compared different criteria for determining whether items have DIF using OLR.

Objectives

To compare and contrast findings from three different sets of criteria for detecting DIF using OLR. General distress and physical functioning items were evaluated for DIF related to five covariates: age, marital status, gender, race, and Hispanic origin.

Research design

Cross-sectional study.

Subjects

1,714 patients with cancer or HIV/AIDS.

Measures

A total of 23 items addressing physical functioning and 15 items addressing general distress were selected from a pool of 154 items from four different health-related quality of life questionnaires.

Results

The three sets of criteria produced qualitatively and quantitatively different results. Criteria based on statistical significance alone detected DIF in almost all the items, while alternative criteria based on magnitude detected DIF in far fewer items. Accounting for DIF by using demographic-group specific item parameters had negligible effects on individual scores, except for race.

Conclusions

Specific criteria chosen to determine whether items have DIF have an impact on the findings. Criteria based entirely on statistical significance may detect small differences that are clinically negligible.
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Metagegevens
Titel
A comparison of three sets of criteria for determining the presence of differential item functioning using ordinal logistic regression
Auteurs
Paul K. Crane
Laura E. Gibbons
Katja Ocepek-Welikson
Karon Cook
David Cella
Kaavya Narasimhalu
Ron D. Hays
Jeanne A. Teresi
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2007
Uitgeverij
Springer Netherlands
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave bijlage 1/2007
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-007-9185-5