Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Eugen Avram and Ioana R. Podina have contributed equally to this work.
The study examined a circumscribed class of cognitions (i.e., dispositional optimism and perceived consequences) in connection to the emotional distress experienced in anticipation of a major seismic event (i.e., pre-hazard emotional distress). Grounded on cognitive-behavioral theory, it was argued that dispositional optimism exerts distal influence on distress, while the perceived consequences of a major seismic event are proximal to distress and, therefore, interpose the optimism-distress relationship. The hypothesis was tested via a cross-sectional study on a sample of 189 volunteers located in areas of high seismic hazard. Participants reported their level of pre-hazard emotional distress, their dispositional optimism, and their perceived consequences of a major seismic hazard. The results showed that there was a partial indirect effect from dispositional optimism to emotional distress via perceived consequences, indirect effect = −0.190, SE = 0.114, 95 % CI [−0.487; −0.021], k2 = 0.051. These findings could inform future prevention programs targeting emotional distress in anticipation of a natural hazard with impact on post-disaster recovery.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Ardeleanu, L., Leydecker, G., Bonjer, K. P., Busche, H., Kaiser, D., & Schmitt, T. (2005). Probabilistic seismic hazard map for Romania as a basis for a new building code. Natural Hazards and Earth System Science,5(5), 679–684. CrossRef
Beck, J. S. (1995). Cognitive therapy: Basics and beyond (1st ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.
Carver, C. S., Pozo, C., Harris, S. D., Noriega, V., Scheier, M. F., Robinson, D. S., & Clark, K. C. (1993). How coping mediates the effect of optimism on distress: A study of women with early stage breast cancer. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,65(2), 375–390. doi: 10.1037/0022-3522.214.171.1245. CrossRefPubMed
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Amsterdam: L. Erlbaum Associates.
Ellis, A. (1994). Reason and emotion in psychotherapy (Sub ed.). Secaucus, NJ: Citadel.
Gerrity, E. T., & Flynn, B. W. (1997). Mental health consequences of disasters. In E. K. Noji (Ed.), The public health consequences of disasters (pp. 101–121). New York: Oxford University Press.
Hayes, A. F. (2012). Process: A versatile computational tool for observed variable mediation, moderation, and conditional process modeling [White paper].
Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach. New York: Guilford Press.
Iacoviello, B. M., & Charney, D. S. (2014). Psychosocial facets of resilience: Implications for preventing posttrauma psychopathology, treating trauma survivors, and enhancing community resilience. European Journal of Psychotraumatology,5, 2–21. CrossRef
Kasperson, R. E., Renn, O., Slovic, P., Brown, H. S., Emel, J., Goble, R., & Ratick, S. (1988). The social amplification of risk: A conceptual framework. Risk Analysis,8(2), 177–187. CrossRef
Lindell, M. K., Prater, C. S., & Perry, R. W. (2006). Fundamentals of emergency management. Emmitsburg, MD: Federal Emergency Management Agency Emergency Management Institute. http://www.training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/edu/fem.asp.
Mogoaşe, C., Podina, I., Sucală, M., & Dobrean, A. (2013). Evaluating the unique contribution of irrational beliefs and negative interpretations in predicting child anxiety. Implications for cognitive bias modification interventions. Journal of Evidence Based Psychotherapies,8(2a), 465.
Opris, D., & Macavei, B. (2007). The profile of emotional distress; Norms for the Romanian population. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies,7(2), 139–158.
Perry, R. W., & Lindell, M. K. (1978). The psychological consequences of natural disaster: A review of research on American communities. Mass Emergencies,3(2–3), 105–115.
Podina, A. V., & Vîslă, P. (2014). Being socially anxious is not enough: Response expectancy mediates the effect of social anxiety on state anxiety in response to a social evaluative threat. Journal of Evidence-Based Psychotherapies,14(1), 85–94.
Rauch, S. A., Defever, E., Oetting, S., Graham-Bermann, S. A., & Seng, J. S. (2013). Optimism, coping, and posttraumatic stress severity in women in the childbearing year. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy,5(1), 77. CrossRef
Skolarus, L. E., Lisabeth, L. D., Sanchez, B. N., Smith, M. A., Garcia, N. M., Risser, J. M. H., & Morgenstern, L. B. (2012). The prevalence of spirituality, optimism, depression, and fatalism in a Bi-ethnic stroke population. Journal of Religion and Health,51(4), 1293–1305. doi: 10.1007/s10943-010-9438-4. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Slovic, P., Finucane, M. L., Peters, E., & MacGregor, D. G. (2007). The affect heuristic. European Journal of Operational Research,177(3), 1333–1352. CrossRef
Tobin, G. A. (1997). Natural hazards: Explanation and integration. New York: Guilford Press.
Turner, R. H., Nigg, J. M., & Paz, D. H. (1986). Waiting for disaster: Earthquake watch in California. California: University of California Press.
Vîslă, A., Grosse Holtforth, M., & David, D. (2015). Descriptive/inferential cognitive processes and evaluative cognitive processes: Relationships among each other and with emotional distress. Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy,33(2), 1–12. doi: 10.1007/s10942-015-0207-x.
Weems, C. F., Pina, A. A., Costa, N. M., Watts, S. E., Taylor, L. K., & Cannon, M. F. (2007). Predisaster trait anxiety and negative affect predict posttraumatic stress in youths after hurricane Katrina. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,75(1), 154–159. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.75.1.154. CrossRefPubMed
Weinstein, N. D. (1980). Unrealistic optimism about future life events. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,39(5), 806. CrossRef
Zuckerman, M. (1999). Diathesis-stress models. Vulnerability to psychopathology: A biosocial model (pp. 3–23). Washington: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
- A Cognitive-Behavioral Standpoint on the Perceived Consequences of a Major Seismic Event in Relation to Optimism and Pre-hazard Emotional Distress
Ioana R. Podina
- Springer US
- Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy
Print ISSN: 0894-9085
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6563