Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The impact of a 3-min state mindfulness exercise was investigated in recognition memory performance in order to test if memorial benefits would be found without long-term training. Four experiments (total N = 369) compared the effect of the exercise before encoding versus retrieval. False alarms decreased after a 3-min mindfulness exercise prior to retrieval whether the stimuli were words (experiment 1) or nonwords (experiment 2). When the mindfulness exercise occurred before encoding, there was no benefit on error rates (experiments 3 and 4). The results suggest that even a brief state mindfulness exercise can have immediate and positive effects on recognition memory performance. Implications for improving practical memory tasks such as test taking or eyewitness memory are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Baird, B., Mrazek, M. D., Phillips, D. T., & Schooler, J. W. (2014). Domain-specific enhancement of metacognitive ability following meditation training. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 1972–1979. CrossRef
Bonamo, K. K., Legerski, J., & Thomas, K. B. (2015). The influence of a brief mindfulness exercise on encoding of novel words in female college student. Mindfulness, 6, 535–544. CrossRef
Glanzer, M., & Adams, J. K. (1990). The mirror effect in recognition memory: data and theory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 16, 5–16.
Hammond, L., Wagstaff, G. F., & Cole, J. (2006). Facilitating eyewitness memory in adults and children with context reinstatement and focused meditation. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 3, 117–130. CrossRef
Hicks, J. L., & Marsh, R. L. (2000). Toward specifying the attentional demands of recognition memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 26, 1483–1498.
London, 2013. Mindfulness breathing space exercise. http://www.uvm.edu/∼CHWB/psych/?Page=exercises.html&SM=mindfulnessmenu.html
Morrison, A. B., Goolsarran, M., Rogers, S. L. & Jhu, A. P. (2014). Taming a wandering attention: short-form mindfulness training in student cohorts. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7 (897). doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00897
Paivio, A. (1973). Picture superiority in free recall: imagery or dual coding? Cognitive Psychology, 5, 176–206. CrossRef
- A Brief Mindfulness Exercise Before Retrieval Reduces Recognition Memory False Alarms
- Springer US