Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 3/2020

10-12-2019 | ORIGINAL PAPER

A Brief History of Buddhist Absorption

Auteur: Bhikkhu Anālayo

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 3/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

This article presents a historical overview of developments in the construct of meditative absorption in Buddhist texts, with a particular emphasis on the Theravāda tradition. From pre-Buddhist antecedents via the Buddha’s own mastery of absorption until modern times, different constructs of absorption have developed which show considerable variation in terms of their concentrative depth and subjective experience. For this reason, research on psychological dimensions of meditative absorption needs to be based on first ascertaining what kind of absorption is being investigated.
Literatuur
go back to reference Anālayo, Bh. (2005). The seven stages of purification in comparative perspective. Journal of the Centre for Buddhist Studies, Sri Lanka, 3, 126–138. Anālayo, Bh. (2005). The seven stages of purification in comparative perspective. Journal of the Centre for Buddhist Studies, Sri Lanka, 3, 126–138.
go back to reference Anālayo, Bh. (2006a). The Chinese version of the Dantabhūmi Sutta. Buddhist Studies Review, 23(1), 5–19. CrossRef Anālayo, Bh. (2006a). The Chinese version of the Dantabhūmi Sutta. Buddhist Studies Review, 23(1), 5–19. CrossRef
go back to reference Anālayo, Bh. (2006b). The Ekottarika-āgama parallel to the Saccavibhaṅga-sutta and the four (noble) truths. Buddhist Studies Review, 23(2), 145–153. CrossRef Anālayo, Bh. (2006b). The Ekottarika-āgama parallel to the Saccavibhaṅga-sutta and the four (noble) truths. Buddhist Studies Review, 23(2), 145–153. CrossRef
go back to reference Anālayo, Bh. (2009). Views and the Tathāgata: a comparative study and translation of the Brahmajāla in the Chinese Dīrgha-āgama. In K. L. Dhammajoti & Y. Karunadasa (Eds.), Buddhist and Pali studies in honour of the venerable Professor Kakkapalliye Anuruddha (pp. 183–234). Hong Kong: Centre of Buddhist Studies, University of Hong Kong. Anālayo, Bh. (2009). Views and the Tathāgata: a comparative study and translation of the Brahmajāla in the Chinese Dīrgha-āgama. In K. L. Dhammajoti & Y. Karunadasa (Eds.), Buddhist and Pali studies in honour of the venerable Professor Kakkapalliye Anuruddha (pp. 183–234). Hong Kong: Centre of Buddhist Studies, University of Hong Kong.
go back to reference Anālayo, Bh. (2010). The Mahācattārīsaka-sutta in the light of its parallels; tracing the beginnings of Abhidharmic thought. Journal of the Centre for Buddhist Studies, Sri Lanka, 8, 59–93. Anālayo, Bh. (2010). The Mahācattārīsaka-sutta in the light of its parallels; tracing the beginnings of Abhidharmic thought. Journal of the Centre for Buddhist Studies, Sri Lanka, 8, 59–93.
go back to reference Anālayo, Bh. (2011). Brahmā’s invitation, the Ariyapariyesanā-sutta in the light of its Madhyama-āgama parallel. Journal of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies, 1, 12–38. Anālayo, Bh. (2011). Brahmā’s invitation, the Ariyapariyesanā-sutta in the light of its Madhyama-āgama parallel. Journal of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies, 1, 12–38.
go back to reference Anālayo, Bh. (2013). Perspectives on satipaṭṭhāna. Cambridge: Windhorse Publications. Anālayo, Bh. (2013). Perspectives on satipaṭṭhāna. Cambridge: Windhorse Publications.
go back to reference Anālayo, Bh. (2014a). The Buddha’s last meditation in the Dīrgha-āgama. Indian International Journal of Buddhist Studies, 15, 1–43. Anālayo, Bh. (2014a). The Buddha’s last meditation in the Dīrgha-āgama. Indian International Journal of Buddhist Studies, 15, 1–43.
go back to reference Anālayo, Bh. (2014b). The dawn of Abhidharma. Hamburg: Hamburg University Press. Anālayo, Bh. (2014b). The dawn of Abhidharma. Hamburg: Hamburg University Press.
go back to reference Anālayo, Bh. (2016). On the supposedly liberating function of the first absorption. Buddhist Studies Review, 33(1/2), 271–280. Anālayo, Bh. (2016). On the supposedly liberating function of the first absorption. Buddhist Studies Review, 33(1/2), 271–280.
go back to reference Anālayo, Bh. (2017a). Early Buddhist meditation studies. Barre: Barre Center for Buddhist Studies. Anālayo, Bh. (2017a). Early Buddhist meditation studies. Barre: Barre Center for Buddhist Studies.
go back to reference Anālayo, Bh. (2017b). A meditator’s life of the Buddha, based on the early discourses. Cambridge: Windhorse Publications. Anālayo, Bh. (2017b). A meditator’s life of the Buddha, based on the early discourses. Cambridge: Windhorse Publications.
go back to reference Anālayo, Bh. (2019a). Definitions of right concentration in comparative perspective. Singaporean Journal of Buddhist Studies, 5, 9–39. Anālayo, Bh. (2019a). Definitions of right concentration in comparative perspective. Singaporean Journal of Buddhist Studies, 5, 9–39.
go back to reference Arbel, K. (2017). Early Buddhist meditation, the four jhānas as the actualization of insight. London: Routledge. CrossRef Arbel, K. (2017). Early Buddhist meditation, the four jhānas as the actualization of insight. London: Routledge. CrossRef
go back to reference Bodhi, Bh. (1978/1992). The all-embracing net of views, the Brahmajāla Sutta and its commentaries, translated from the Pali. Kandy: Buddhist Publication Society. Bodhi, Bh. (1978/1992). The all-embracing net of views, the Brahmajāla Sutta and its commentaries, translated from the Pali. Kandy: Buddhist Publication Society.
go back to reference Bodhi, Bh. (2012). The numerical discourses of the Buddha, a translation of the Aṅguttara Nikāya. Somerville: Wisdom Publications. Bodhi, Bh. (2012). The numerical discourses of the Buddha, a translation of the Aṅguttara Nikāya. Somerville: Wisdom Publications.
go back to reference Brahmāli, Bh. (2007). Jhāna and lokuttara-jjhāna. Buddhist Studies Review, 24(1), 75–90. CrossRef Brahmāli, Bh. (2007). Jhāna and lokuttara-jjhāna. Buddhist Studies Review, 24(1), 75–90. CrossRef
go back to reference Brasington, L. (2015). Right concentration, a practical guide to the jhānas. Boston: Shambala. Brasington, L. (2015). Right concentration, a practical guide to the jhānas. Boston: Shambala.
go back to reference Bronkhorst, J. (1985). Dharma and Abhidharma. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 48, 305–320. CrossRef Bronkhorst, J. (1985). Dharma and Abhidharma. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 48, 305–320. CrossRef
go back to reference Catherine, S. (2008). Focused and fearless, a meditator’s guide to states of deep joy, calm, and clarity. Boston: Wisdom Publications. Catherine, S. (2008). Focused and fearless, a meditator’s guide to states of deep joy, calm, and clarity. Boston: Wisdom Publications.
go back to reference Cousins, L. S. (1973). Buddhist jhāna: its nature and attainment according to the Pali sources. Religion, 3, 115–131. CrossRef Cousins, L. S. (1973). Buddhist jhāna: its nature and attainment according to the Pali sources. Religion, 3, 115–131. CrossRef
go back to reference Har Dayal (1932/1970) The Bodhisattva doctrine in Buddhist Sanskrit literature. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. Har Dayal (1932/1970) The Bodhisattva doctrine in Buddhist Sanskrit literature. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.
go back to reference Gethin, R. (1992). The Buddhist path to awakening: a study of the bodhi-pakkhiyā dhamma. Leiden: E.J. Brill. Gethin, R. (1992). The Buddhist path to awakening: a study of the bodhi-pakkhiyā dhamma. Leiden: E.J. Brill.
go back to reference Hahn, M. (1977). Das Saptamaithunasaṃyuktasūtra, ein sūtra des Ekottarikāgama. In D. S. Ruegg, H. Härtel, & H. Hartel (Eds.), Beiträge zur Indienforschung, Ernst Waldschmidt zum 80. Geburtstag gewidmet (pp. 205–224). Berlin: Museum für Indische Kunst. Hahn, M. (1977). Das Saptamaithunasaṃyuktasūtra, ein sūtra des Ekottarikāgama. In D. S. Ruegg, H. Härtel, & H. Hartel (Eds.), Beiträge zur Indienforschung, Ernst Waldschmidt zum 80. Geburtstag gewidmet (pp. 205–224). Berlin: Museum für Indische Kunst.
go back to reference Kheminda, Th., & S. U. Nyanuttara. (1966/1979). Momentary concentration and purification of mind (with rejoinders). In Satipatthana vipassana meditation, criticism and replies. U Myanaung Tin (ed.), 1–319. Rangoon: Buddhasasanuggaha Organization. Kheminda, Th., & S. U. Nyanuttara. (1966/1979). Momentary concentration and purification of mind (with rejoinders). In Satipatthana vipassana meditation, criticism and replies. U Myanaung Tin (ed.), 1–319. Rangoon: Buddhasasanuggaha Organization.
go back to reference Lamotte, É. (1970). Le traité de la grande vertu de sagesse de Nāgārjuna, tome III. Louvain-la-Neuve: Institut Orientaliste. Lamotte, É. (1970). Le traité de la grande vertu de sagesse de Nāgārjuna, tome III. Louvain-la-Neuve: Institut Orientaliste.
go back to reference Liu Z. (2010). Dhyānāni tapaś ca, 禅定与苦修. Shanghai: 古籍出版社. Liu Z. (2010). Dhyānāni tapaś ca, 禅定与苦修. Shanghai: 古籍出版社.
go back to reference Mahāsi S. (1981a/1998). Dhammacakkapavattana Sutta, The great discourse on the wheel of Dhamma. Translated by U Ko Lay. Petaling Jaya: Sukhi Hotu Dhamma Publication. Mahāsi S. (1981a/1998). Dhammacakkapavattana Sutta, The great discourse on the wheel of Dhamma. Translated by U Ko Lay. Petaling Jaya: Sukhi Hotu Dhamma Publication.
go back to reference Mahāsi S. (1981b/2006). A discourse on Sallekha Sutta. Translated by U Aye Maung. Penang: Selangor Buddhist Vipassanā Meditation Society. Mahāsi S. (1981b/2006). A discourse on Sallekha Sutta. Translated by U Aye Maung. Penang: Selangor Buddhist Vipassanā Meditation Society.
go back to reference Polak, G. (2016). How was liberating insight related to the development of the four jhānas in early Buddhism? A new perspective through an interdisciplinary approach. Journal of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies, 10, 85–112. Polak, G. (2016). How was liberating insight related to the development of the four jhānas in early Buddhism? A new perspective through an interdisciplinary approach. Journal of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies, 10, 85–112.
go back to reference Quli, N. (2008). Multiple Buddhist modernisms: jhāna in convert Theravāda. Pacific World, 10(1), 225–249. Quli, N. (2008). Multiple Buddhist modernisms: jhāna in convert Theravāda. Pacific World, 10(1), 225–249.
go back to reference Salomon, R. (2018).  The Buddhist literature of ancient Gandhāra, an introduction with translations. Boston: Wisdom Publications.Shankman, R. (2008). The experience of Samādhi, an in-depth exploration of Buddhist meditation. Boston: Shambala. Salomon, R. (2018).  The Buddhist literature of ancient Gandhāra, an introduction with translations. Boston: Wisdom Publications.Shankman, R. (2008). The experience of Samādhi, an in-depth exploration of Buddhist meditation. Boston: Shambala.
go back to reference U Paṇḍita S. (1992/1993). In this very life, the liberating teachings of the Buddha. Kandy: Buddhist Publication Society. U Paṇḍita S. (1992/1993). In this very life, the liberating teachings of the Buddha. Kandy: Buddhist Publication Society.
go back to reference Warder, A.K. (1970/1991). Indian Buddhism. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. Warder, A.K. (1970/1991). Indian Buddhism. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.
go back to reference Weller, F. (1934). Brahmajālasūtra, Tibetischer und Mongolischer text. Leipzig: Otto Harrassowitz. Weller, F. (1934). Brahmajālasūtra, Tibetischer und Mongolischer text. Leipzig: Otto Harrassowitz.
go back to reference Yates. J., & Immergut, M. (2015).  The mind illuminated, a complete meditation guide integrating Buddhist wisdom and brain science for greater mindfulness. New York: Touchstone. Yates. J., & Immergut, M. (2015).  The mind illuminated, a complete meditation guide integrating Buddhist wisdom and brain science for greater mindfulness. New York: Touchstone.
Metagegevens
Titel
A Brief History of Buddhist Absorption
Auteur
Bhikkhu Anālayo
Publicatiedatum
10-12-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 3/2020
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-019-01268-7