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06-01-2020 | Empirical Research | Uitgave 2/2020

Journal of Youth and Adolescence 2/2020

A Biopsychosocial Model of Social Media Use and Body Image Concerns, Disordered Eating, and Muscle-Building Behaviors among Adolescent Girls and Boys

Journal of Youth and Adolescence > Uitgave 2/2020
Rachel F. Rodgers, Amy Slater, Chloe S. Gordon, Siân A. McLean, Hannah K. Jarman, Susan J. Paxton
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Preregistration The study is registered with the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ACTRN12617000137392;
Research involving Human Participants and/or Animals The research involved Human Participants and was approved by the appropriate Institutional Review Board for ethical compliance.
Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.


Social media use is associated with body image concerns, disordered eating and body change behaviors in adolescents. This study aimed to examine these relationships within a biopsychosocial framework and test an integrated model. A sample of 681 adolescents (49% female), mean age = 12.76 years (SD = 0.74), completed a questionnaire assessing social media use, depression, self-esteem, body mass index, social media and muscular ideal internalization, appearance comparison, body dissatisfaction, disordered eating, and muscle-building behaviors. Path analysis was used to test the hypothetical model, which after modification revealed good fit to the data, although gender differences emerged. The findings suggest that biopsychosocial frameworks are useful for conceptualizing relationships between social media use and body image, eating, and muscle building outcomes.

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